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Kenya: The Road to Independence 2.0
"A quiz on Kenyan history through the colonial period into the time of national consciousness and the cusp of violent revolution."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
One of the hallmarks of any colonial economy is the imperial power's monopolization of production, and British East Africa (the colonial precursor to Kenya) was no exception. In 1932, the average British farm was over 2,400 acres in size, and even on the cusp of independence in 1960, British farms produced 83% of the colony's agricultural exports.
Most social historians of Kenya have taken special notice of the British settlers' work ethic. In contrast to the leisured country life of their homeland, most of the British in Kenya were widely acclaimed for their disciplined attention to duty, their long work hours, and their near-ascetic devotion to church and family values.
The history of Kenya leading up to the effort for independence is rife with the dispossession of tens of thousands of square miles of prime land in violation of numerous formal agreements; indeed, this is highly reminiscent of Euro-Americans' incursions into the lands of the Indians. Less well-known are Kenyan labor practices of the time, details of which are nigh-unbelievable to twenty-first century eyes. Which of these is true about African labor under the 1938 Kenya ordinance?
Trade unions were illegal, and inducing an African to change jobs was punishable by hefty fines and imprisonment
All of these
Africans could be fined or imprisoned for poor job performance, insubordination, or job abandonment
Monthly wages averaged around 10 shillings - for about 270 hours of work
The Kikuyu Central Association was founded in the mid-1920s from the ashes of the banned East Africa Association. It became the predominant organization for African rights during the interwar period in Kenya. Who became its first general secretary in 1927?
African service in World War II went beyond the Carrier Corps that has characterized participation in World War I. Over 47,000 Africans enlisted for active duty - a number which would have been larger had the British settlers not blocked further recruitment because of the resulting labor shortage. Which of these was the most significant contribution of East African troops in this conflict?
The Battle of Guadalcanal
The invasion of Normandy
The liberation of Ethiopia from Italian occupation
The Battle of the Bulge
In response to popular pressure, an African was finally seated on the Kenya Legislative Council in 1944. Who was the first African to hold this seat?
Eliud Wambu Mathu
With the advent of World War II, the Kikuyu Central Association (KCA) was banned by the colonial government. It continued clandestinely until being replaced by a new organization in 1944: KAU. What does this acronym stand for?
Kenya African Union
Kenya Alliance United
Kikuyu African Union
Kikuyu Alliance United
In the years following World War II, African nationalism, and particularly Pan-African unity, became a powerful political force throughout the continent. What Swahili term meaning "freedom" came to represent this general sentiment that independence must come soon?
Prior to World War II, many African subsistence farmers without formal land rights, known in Kikuyu as "ahoi", worked excess land on informal agreements -- initially with African leaders, but increasingly with white settlers. In the postwar years, these "squatters" were increasingly evicted and driven into the landless bulk of the African populace or repatriated to African reserves. What motivated these mass evictions?
All of these
The rapid industrialization of Kenya by Chinese and Japanese companies.
Mass conscription into a Kenyan standing army of Africans after World War II had concluded.
Modernized agriculture, which rendered the squatters' hoe-and-oxen technology obsolete.
While in Britain, Kenyan expatriate Jomo Kenyatta helped organize the Fifth Pan-African Congress, a 1945 meeting of African leaders that served as something of an incubator for growing anti-imperialist sentiment. One participant, Kwame Nkrumah, would soon after become leader of the Convention People's Party (CPP). After years of activism, Nkrumah would become president of the first British colony in Africa to be granted independence, setting a pattern that would be followed by many other emerging African states, including Kenya. What country did Nkrumah lead to independence through agitation and diplomacy?
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Compiled Jun 28 12