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Diseases of Specific Systems
"Gastrointestinal bleeding encompasses blood loss originating anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract, that is, from the throat to the anus. Bleeding may be microscopic or very massive constituting a medical emergency. Here are some basic facts."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
In terms of location, gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is generally classified as which of the following?
hematemesis and hematochezia
acute and chronic
upper and lower
internal and external
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding may be caused by all of the following conditions EXCEPT:
Mallory-Weiss tear ( tears where the esophagus joins the stomach)
What is the most common cause of upper gastrointestinal bleed (UGIB)?
Which of the following conditions is NOT a cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB)?
Dark, tarry stools are associated with ______________ gastrointestinal bleeding.
(upper or lower)
Which of these listed is the medical term for vomiting of blood?
An enlarged, bulging vein in the esophagus can rupture at any time resulting in massive bleeding.
What's the medical term for bulging esophageal veins?
Apart from blood in the stool, which of the following may cause black, tarry stools?
Use of beets and red food dyes.
Use of iron pills, Pepto-Bismol or blueberries.
Gall stones, resulting in obstruction to the flow of bile into the GI tract.
Which of these drugs can predispose to gastrointestinal bleeding?
milk of magnesia
Which of the following microorganisms is a common cause of gastric ulcers?
helicobacter pylori (H-Pylori)
Not every person with a gastrointestinal bleed will experience a change in stool color. For some individuals, blood in the stool can only be detected through laboratory assessment for occult blood. True or False?
Which of the following procedures can be done to determine the cause and sometimes stop upper gastrointestinal bleed?
Which of these causes of lower gastrointestinal bleed can lead to colorectal cancer if not detected and treated early?
Treatment of massive gastrointestinal bleeding may include all of the following EXCEPT:
transfusion of blood and blood products
medications to reduce stomach acid
Prevention of gastrointestinal bleed may include all of the following EXCEPT:
Use of antibiotics to treat helicobacter pilori infection.
Use of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs before meals.
Life style changes such as alcohol and smoking cessation.
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Compiled Aug 17 12