Special Sub-Topic: Eponymous Anatomical Terms
|Which of the following is the Broca's area?|
Motor speech area. The Broca's area (motor speech area of the brain) is responsible for speech production, language processing and language comprehension. It was named after Paul Pierre Broca, a French physician.
|What is organ of Corti?|
Spiral organ. The organ of Corti is the spiral organ in the inner ear which has auditory sensory cells. It was discovered by Marquis Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti, an Italian anatomist.
|Which of the following is the canal of Schlemm?|
Scleral venous sinus. The canal of Schlemm is a scleral venous sinus that drains aqueous humor from the anterior ciliary veins. It was named after Friedrich Schlemm, a German anatomist.
|What is duct of Wirsung?|
Pancreatic duct. The duct of Wirsung is a pancreatic duct that collects pancreatic juice and empties into the duodenum. It was named after Johann George Wirsung, a German anatomist.
|What is the common term for the Meibomian gland? |
Tarsal gland. The Meibomian gland is any of the various sebaceous glands situated in the tarsus of the eyelid. Its secretions prevent the eyelids from sticking together. It was named after Heinrich Meibom, a German physician.
|Which of the following is the Wharton's jelly?|
Mucous connective tissue. The Wharton's jelly is a mucous connective tissue within the umbilical cord protecting and insulating blood vessels that are lifelines to a baby while inside the womb. It was named after Thomas Wharton, an English physician and anatomist.
|What is the scientific term for the Achilles' tendon?|
Calcaneal tendon. The Achilles' tendon is also known as calcaneal tendon. It is situated in the posterior of the lower leg and attaches to the heel bone (calcaneus). The name Achilles originated from Greek mythology. The Greek hero Achilles was struck on his unprotected heel by a poisoned arrow, leading to his death.
|What is the Heimlich maneuver?
Abdominal thrust maneuver. The Heimlich maneuver is also known as a series of abdominal thrusts under the diaphragm to help a person who is choking on a foreign object. It was named after Harry J. Heimlich, an American surgeon.
|What is the common term for the Eustachian tube? |
Auditory tube. The Eustachian tube is the auditory tube that connects the nasopharynx and the tympanic cavity, providing equalization of the air pressure in the inner ear. It was named after Bartolomeo Eustachio,an Italian anatomist.
|Which of the following is the common term for the crypt of Lieberkühn?|
Intestinal gland. The crypt of Lieberkühn is also known as the intestinal gland in the mucous membrane of the small and large intestines. It was named after Johann Nathanael Lieberkühn, a German anatomist.
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