Special Sub-Topic: Heal the Organ
|Which organ in the body is associated with peptic ulcer and gastritis? |
Stomach. The stomach is a part of the digestive system of the body. This organ produces acid to aid in digestion. The increase in acid levels may lead to a complication called peptic ulcer. Gastritis is the inflammation of the stomach.
|This organ has developed hepatitis. What organ is it?|
Liver. The liver is the largest organ in the body. Inflammation of the liver, most commonly due to viral infection, is called hepatitis. Alcoholism usually damages the liver and can cause currhosis of liver and hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer).
|The doctor told me I have a 'cardiomyopathy'. Which organ in my body is affected?|
Heart. The heart is the blood pumping organ of the body. The coronary arteries supply the heart with blood and any blockage in them may cause a cardiac arrest. Cardiomyopathies are pathological abnormalities with the parenchyma of the heart which leads to abnormalities in its functioning.
|Smoke may damage this organ and cause emphysema. Which organ is affected in emphysema?|
Lungs. The lungs are the center for gaseous exchange of the body. Smoking and air pollution can destroy the parenchyma of the lungs causing emphysema and bronchiectasis. Also, pulmonary carcinoma is a cancer of the lungs which can be instigated by toxic chemicals present in vehicular and cigarette smoke.
|Which organ is usually associated with Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases?|
Brain. The brain is the information processing centre of the human body. The surface of the brain has foldings that forms sulci and gyri. Parkinson's disease is a degenerative disease due to abnormalities in the basal ganglia of the brain. It is characterised by rigidity, memory loss and tremors.
|When you hear someone say 'glomerulonephritis', which organ do you think is being spoken about?|
Kidney. The kidney is part of the excretory system of the body. It regulates the formation and voiding of urine by ultrafiltration of blood. The kidney contains specialised cells called nephrons. If these cells are inflamed and filtration of blood is impaired it is called glomerulonephritis. The term for complete shutdown of kidney function is called renal failure.
|Osteoporosis affects which organ in the human body?|
Bones. The bones form the skeletal system of the body. There are a total of 206 bones in the human body. Common diseases of the bone are osteoporosis, osteomalacia, osteogenic sarcoma, etc.
|Diabetes. Islet of Langerhans. Insulin. Which organ are these three terms related to?|
Pancreas. The pancreas is one of the organs in the body that has both endocrine and exocrine function. The main endocrine function is the production and secretion of the hormone insulin. Any defect in the production or metabolism of insulin casuses diabetes. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is a tumor in the pancreas that causes excess secretion of acid in the stomach leading to an ulcer.
|Which organ, also called the 'graveyard of blood cells', is affected in splenomegaly?|
Spleen. The spleen is the site of destruction of blood cells. The inflammation of this organ is called splenitis. And physical enlargement is called splenomegaly. And yes, it is possible for a human to live after removal of the spleen.
|This organ can suffer a prolapse, develop a fibroid, enlarge during pregnancy and is referred commonly to as 'the womb'. Which organ is this?|
Uterus. The uterus is only seen in the female of the species. It is the site of fertilization and growth of the foetus during pregnancy. Fibroids are benign neoplasms that may form in the uterus. They are removed by surgery. Other dieases of the uterus are prolapse, adenomyosis, leiomyosarcoma, etc.
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