Special Sub-Topic: History of Lincoln, England
|When, is it generally thought, that the Romans conquered the area now known as Lincolnshire?|
AD 48. The Romans first built a garrison to guard the northern extremes of the empire. They later built a walled town to house demobbed soldiers.
|What was the Roman name for Lincoln?|
Lindum Colonia. The name is still used in several places in Lincoln. Most notably in Lindum Hill which is a main route from the south of the city to the cathedral area.
|In what year did work begin on the stone cathedral?|
1072. Work began under Bishop Remigius but the plans were continually modified as work continued over the next two centuries. The roof burned down in 1141 and an earth tremor destroyed most of the building in 1185, but work always resumed and by the end of the 13th century the cathedral was complete. Probably as a result of the earth tremor of 1185 it is arguably more Gothic (showing less Norman influence) than most English cathedrals. A library designed by Christopher Wren was added in 1660.
|Lincoln Cathedral was once the tallest building in the world.|
t. When the main tower was originally built it featured a wood and lead spire on top which gave a total height of 525 feet. In 1311, this was the world's tallest building.
|By Norman times, Lincoln was the third most important city in the country. On what was the city's prosperity based?|
Wool. In Norman times, Lincoln cloth was famous throughout Europe.
|In 2001, the population of Lincoln was over 80,000. What was the population in the 16th century?|
Fewer than 5,000. In the 16th century, the population was around 2,500. The population more than doubled between 1801 and 1851, and by 1901 it had reached 50,000.
|In what year did the railway arrive in Lincoln?|
1846. The Midland Railway began building its Nottingham and Lincoln line in 1845 and the first train arrived in Lincoln on 4th August 1846.
|Which military milestone was achieved in Lincoln?|
First tank. In early 1915, the Royal Navy came up with the idea of armoured caterpillar unit. Fowler's of Lincoln were given the task of creating these 'landships'. After a few false starts they created the No.1 Lincoln Machine, commonly known as 'Little Willie'. It never saw service and was more of a technology demonstrator but that befits its status as the world's first tank.
|When did Lincoln City FC play their first match?|
4th October 1884. Lincoln City 9, Sleaford 1 was the first result. The club had been formed by the players and officials of the disbanding Lincoln Recreation/Rovers. At the time, City were the second best team in Lincoln behind Lindum FC.
|In 1996, the University of Lincolnshire and Humberside opened its new Lincoln campus on the Brayford Marina. Who performed the opening ceremony?|
HM The Queen. In 2001, the university changed its name to the University of Lincoln as they are gradually moving their facilities from Hull to Lincoln.
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