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An Ancient Battle for Britain
Romans in Britain
"Beginning in 43 AD, Roman armies engaged the ancient Britons. By 47 AD the Romans had completed their conquest of southern England. This quiz examines the differences between Roman and Celtic forces that virtually assured a Roman victory."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
During the first century AD, both Britons and Romans supported and richly rewarded a permanent warrior class. Emperor Claudius sent to Britain a Roman army comprised entirely of professional soldiers. In contrast to the fully professional Roman army, which of the following characterizes the typical soldiers of ancient Britain?
Approximately 50% of the warriors were trained professionals.
They were levied from the farms.
From five to one hundred untrained swordsmen or bowmen accompanied each warrior druid.
Those not initiated into the Celtic warrior caste were not permitted to engage in combat.
Legionnaires were privileged members of Roman society, and those seeking to join had to meet certain standards. In order to join a Roman legion in the 1st century AD, which of the following prerequisites was NOT required?
All were required
Even the auxiliary units supporting the Roman legions received benefits not available to British fighters despite the fact that requirements for joining the auxiliaries were less stringent than those for entering the legions. Which of the following benefits that the 1st century Roman legionnaires enjoyed did the Roman auxiliaries not receive?
A regular money wage
All benefits were provided to both
Opportunity for advancement
Provision for retirement
The Roman soldiers were generally better equipped than their Celtic counterparts. In the conflict between British and Roman forces in the 1st century, which of the following troops wore little or no body armor?
Celtic foot soldiers
All wore substantial body armor
The Roman army enjoyed a tactical advantage in most circumstances. Celtic Britons relied heavily on their elite warriors. What was the favored weapon of the Celtic aristocrat-warrior of the 1st century AD?
A long sword
A long bow
A curved sword
Roman legions included variously equipped soldiers. The success in battle of the Roman army depended particularly on one group. Which component of the 1st century Roman army was most effective?
Armored infantry with short swords and javelins
During the period of Roman dominance, Roman armies proved to be consistently vulnerable to one type of assault. What tactic proved most effective for the ancient Britons fighting against the Romans in the 1st century AD?
Defense of fortified positions
The Romans were in largely hostile territory and faced logistical challenges in supplying their troops. In their conflict with Rome in the 1st century, the Britons enjoyed an advantage in supplying their soldiers.
The Celtic tribes in Britain realized that they faced a well organized and determined force. Which of the following best characterizes the response of the Celtic tribes to the Roman invasion of 43 AD?
In the face of the Roman invasion, the tribes unified.
Some resisted fiercely.
All were quickly demoralized.
Most tribes immediately joined forces with the Romans.
Roman legions were supplied with a variety of resources. Which of the following did the Romans utilize in their campaign against the Britons in the 1st century AD?
All were used
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Compiled May 18 13