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The U.S. National Academy of Sciences

Created by ArlingtonVA

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The US National Academy of Sciences game quiz
"The National Academy of Sciences is one of the more interesting, and often misunderstood, organizations in the United States. This is a quiz on some very basic information about the NAS and its components. "

15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit  

1. The National Academy of Sciences was created by a charter from the U.S. Congress. In what year was the NAS established, and by which U.S. President was its charter signed into law?
    1863 by Abraham Lincoln
    1904 by Theodore Roosevelt
    1839 by Martin Van Buren
    1948 by Harry Truman

2. Because of its unusual charter, people sometimes wonder what type of organization the National Academy of Sciences is. Which of these organizational forms describes the NAS?
    Private for-profit
    Federal government
    Private non-profit corporation

3. The component parts of the NAS are the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council. What do the first three of these have in common that the fourth does not?
    They were established prior to World War II.
    They are primarily based in Chicago, IL.
    Their research must be done by Academy members.
    They are honorific academies of elected members.

4. What umbrella term was developed by the NAS and its constituent parts in the late 1990s as a descriptor for the entire organization?
    The National Research Council
    The Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine
    The National Academies

5. Which of the following scientists has served as president of the National Academy of Sciences?
    Joseph Henry, a scientist who studied electromagnetism, and after whom the unit of inductance (the henry) is named.
    All of them.
    Ira Remsen, the co-discoverer of the artificial sweetener saccharin.
    Albert Michelson, known especially for the Michelson-Morley experiment, and the first American to receive the Nobel Prize in the sciences.

6. What famous event in American political life took place in an office suite that was subsequently leased by the NAS's Institute of Medicine?
    The Watergate burglary during the Nixon Administration.
    Burning of the restored canal boat at the Foundry Building in Georgetown.
    Secret meeting between Bill Clinton and Monica Lewinsky.
    Nixon's Saturday Night Massacre - the firing of Archibald Cox.

7. Which of the following topics was not one of the first studies requested of the NAS by the Federal government?
    Uniformity of weights, measures, and coins
    Tests of the purity of whiskey in order to tax it correctly
    How to make compasses work on iron-clad naval ships
    Implications of the Wright brothers and human flight

8. How much are the scientists and other experts paid when they take part in study committees of the NAS?
    Their normal consulting rate, not to exceed $1,500 per day.
    A nominal $1 for reporting purposes, plus travel expenses.
    A daily rate not to exceed $500 plus travel expenses.
    Nothing; all efforts are pro bono. Travel expenses only.

9. If you are asked to serve on an NAS study committee, in which of the following locations are you least likely to be having your meetings?
    The historic NAS building on Constitution Avenue in Washington, DC.
    J. Erik Jonsson Center on Cape Cod in Woods Hole, MA.
    Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, CA.
    Wye River Conference Center, Queenstown, MD

10. The Recommended Dietary Allowances, or RDAs, were developed by the NAS. RDAs are now only one part of a new set of dietary guidelines. What is the term for this newer guideline system?
    Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs)
    Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)
    Food Intake Values (FIVs)
    Nutritional Upper Limits (FULs)

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Compiled Jun 28 12