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Anyone Got the Time?
""TIME: The indefinite continued progress of existence and events in the past, present, and future regarded as a whole." (from Oxford Dictionary) This quiz is about various ways of keeping time throughout history and around the world."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
The earliest "clock" was first used between 5000 and 3500 B.C.E. Its original name was "gnomon". Around 2000 B.C.E. Egyptians and Babylonians built tall obelisks that served the same purpose as a gnomon, allowing citizens to determine time of day. In modern times, many homes have smaller versions of this 'dial in their gardens, often made of stone. What celestial body is necessary to determine the time from this kind of clock?
There is some controversy over the significance of the Sun in the design of a pre-historic spherical English monument. Some think the Sun at the summer solstice influenced the design because of the Sun's location over the monument's famous "Heel Stone". Others argue that it was some kind of ancient calendar. Still others believe it was created by aliens. What is this ancient site?
Water clocks were developed to overcome the shortcomings of time keeping devices that required celestial bodies to keep time. They could also be used as timers. Which of the following is NOT true of the early water clocks?
The clocks required three water chambers for water flow and collection.
They used bowls with holes in the center to allow water to flow through.
They needed constant adjustment so that there would be 12 hours per day, and 12 hours per night.
These clocks were used to time speeches in law courts.
Grandfather clocks are a type of pendulum clock that has been around for centuries. They are notoriously bad for keeping accurate time. The first design for a grandfather clock was made in 1582. Who was responsible for this design?
Leonardo da Vinci
In 1927, Warren Marrison, a Canadian telecommunications engineer, invented a new kind of clock. This new oscillator clock was extremely accurate and worked on vibrations of a crystal in an electrical circuit. In the 1940s, many laboratories around the world switched from mechanical clocks to this new kind of clock. This new clock proved that the Earth, and its relationship to celestial bodies, was not a reliable way to keep time. A crystal of what mineral was used in this new clock?
The most accurate clocks in existence today are atomic clocks. The first atomic clocks, developed by Isidor Rabi, were based on vibrations of ammonia molecules. There are three elements that are commonly used in atomic clocks today and serve the same purpose in the clocks as the ammonia. Two of these elements are Hydrogen and Rubidium. The third element is the basis of the scientific definition of a second. What is this element?
GMT was established in 1884. GMT is what all the times of the world were based on until UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) was standardized in 1961. It was set as the standard at the International Meridian Conference when the location of the Prime Meridian was decided. What does GMT stand for?
(Three words, involving a city in England)
In addition to keeping time through clocks and watches, the passing of time is tracked on calendars. One very famous calendar is the Chinese Zodiac Calendar. This calendar is linked to Chinese legends and myths and the calendar itself consists of 12 periods (the 12 signs of the Zodiac). Each animal has specific character traits attached to it. The Chinese Zodiac Calendar dates back more than 2,000 years. Of the following, which is not one of the 12 animals used as the signs of the Zodiac?
Most people are familiar with the Mayan Calendar, but only in passing. The last day of the Mayan Calendar corresponds to December 21, 2012, the Winter Solstice. The calendar known as the Mayan Calendar was not invented by the Mayans, but was in use by most pre-Columbian Central American people. The Aztec and the Toltec, for example, used the same calendar, but changed the names of the months and the days of the week. The Calendar consists of three different but corresponding calendars that work together cyclically. Which of the following is NOT one of the three calendars that together make up the Mayan Calendar?
The Long Count
The Calendar we use today is the Gregorian Calendar, but before the Gregorian Calendar was adopted in 1582, the world used the Julian Calendar. The Julian Calendar consisted of 12 months, and also included a Leap Day every four years. In 45 B.C.E. when Julius Caesar created his calendar, he reorganized the months from the previously used Roman Calendar, adding days to create a calendar of 365 days. In honor of Julius Caesar, and his great-nephew Caesar Augustus (formerly Octavian), the Romans changed the names of the 7th and 8th calendar months from "Quintilis" and "Sextilis" to "Iulius" and "Augustus", respectively. Today, we call the eighth calendar month "August". What do we call the seventh calendar month?
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Compiled Jul 23 12