Special Sub-Topic: Art Fundamentals: Painting
|What type of vehicle is used for watercolors and/or pastels?|
Gum arabic. Linseed oil is used for oil paints, egg yolk for tempera, wax for encaustic and gum arabic for watercolors and pastels.
|Which of the following would be considered a pigment?|
Insect materials. Believe it or not, insect materials can actually be used for creating pigment, a substance that gives paint its color.
Clay, gemstones, minerals, plants, and insect materials are just a few common examples of pigments.
|Which artist is popular for his fresco works?|
Diego Rivera. Diego Rivera, a Mexican muralist, is known all over the world for his frescoes.
|Which of the following paints is considered the 'new kid in school'?|
Acrylic. Acrylic was developed after World War II. It is very easy to use and is made with synthetic materials rather than natural substances.
|What type of varnish is most commonly used today?|
Damar varnish. The Damar varnish is traditionally used as the final protective coat. While the amber varnish is a tougher and longer-lasting finish, it is still not used as widely as the other. The ruby and diamond varnishes are just made up.
|In Italian this means "day's work". It is the portion of new fresco plaster than an artist plans to paint in ONE DAY. What is it?|
Giornata. "All in a Day's Work."
|Which of the following inventions helped to develop Impressionism and the impasto technique?|
The paint tube. The paint tube, invented in 1841, helped to develop impressionism. Before the paint tube was used, it used to be stored in pig's bladder which often ripped open. This also helped to get women involved in the art.
|Who was Jan van Eyck?|
First true master of oil painting.. Encaustic was used in Egypt as a form of 'gravemarking'. Tempera was popular during the Renaissance, but Eyck did not perfect it.
|Which of the following paint DOES NOT include the color white?|
Watercolor. It does not because you were not able to achieve pure white with water color. Its purpose was to show lighting and light.
|In the most descriptive way, what is painting?|
The act of applying pigment to a surface.. The other three aren't as descriptive as the answer because of the fact that they are merely retelling how to paint, not the act of painting.
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