Special Sub-Topic: Ethnic Groups and Nations Without Statehood
|This ethnic group lived for many centuries under German rule. They preserved both their language and the consciousness that they are part of the Polish nation. Their flag has two horizontal stripes (black and yellow).|
Kashubians. The geographical area of the Kashubians is in northern Poland between the Oder and Vistula rivers, including today's Bydgosz, Gdansk and Slupsk provinces.
|This ethnic group is a Turkic people living in the Caucasus Mountains. Their flag displays the Turkic light blue and Mount Elbrus in silhouette.|
Balkars. The Balkars today inhabit part of the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria within the Russian Federation. The capital is Nalchik.
|This nation/ethnic group has a black flag with the white cross of St.Piran, their patron saint.|
Cornwall & Cornish. Cornwall in south west England was made a duchy in 1337 by Edward III for the Prince of Wales and still is an appanage of the male member of highest rank in the reigning family, next to the sovereign. (Today (2004): Prince Charles).
|The emblem of this ethnic group, the tarak tamga, appears in the upper hoist of the field of their flag which is light blue, the national color common to all Turkic peoples.|
Crimean Tatars. The Tatar khanate of Crimea was overthrown by the Turks in 1475, but recognized as a Russian dependency in 1774 and incorporated into Russia in 1783. It was proclaimed an independent Crimean Republic in 1918, and is today a part of Ukraine.
|The Scandinavian cross on the modern (red/yellow) flag of this nation denotes that they are descendants of the Vikings - though they live in France.|
Normandy & Normandie & Normans. Normandy was united with the English Kingdom after William's conquest of England in 1066, but this personal union ended in 1204 - except for the Channel Islands.
|This ethnic group adopted their flag in 1971 but it was only decreed as their official flag in 1975. It has a black and a red horizontal stripe and a yellow disc in the centre.|
Australian Aborigines. The Australian government returned some traditional Aboriginal land to the Aborigines in 1977.
|This is the largest nation in the world still without statehood. It extends over a swathe of contiguous countries in the Middle East. Its flag is a horizontal tricolor of green, white and red with a yellow sun in the centre.|
Kurdistan & Kurd & Kurds & Kurdish. The Kurds live chiefly in Turkey, Iran and Iraq, some also in Armenia and Syria.
|This ethnic group is native to New Caledonia and striving for independence from France. Their flag is a horizontal tricolor (blue/red/green) with a yellow disc. Within the disc there is an ornamental spire in silhouette.|
Kanaks. The Kanaks (a Melanesian people) have gradually been outnumbered by the French settlers. In 1998 the population of New Caledonia voted against independence from France.
|The members of this ethnic group are descendants pf the Wends, a Slavic people who in the Middle Ages occupied large areas of the eastern part of Germany. Today they predominantly live in Lusatia. Their flag is a horizontal tricolor (blue/red/white).|
Sorbs. The core territory of the Sorbs today is the area around Bautzen in eastern Germany.
|This ethnic group proclaimed an abortive independent state in 1950, the Republic of South Moluccas. Their flag is red with three vertical stripes (blue/white/green) to the left.|
Amboinese. The Amboinese are named after Ambon, one of the Moluccas Islands. They belong to Indonesia.
|There are several nationalities in Myanmar (Burma) that are struggling to create separate states. The flag of this ethnic group has red/green horizontal stripes and crossed native swords in the middle.|
Kachins. Kachin is today a state of Myanmar (Burma) with capital at Myitkyina.
|The flag of this ethnic group within Myanmar/Burma is a horizontal tricolor (ochre/green/red) with a white disc in the middle.|
Shans. The Shans speak a language similar to Thai. Shan is today a state of Myanmar (Burma) with capital at Taunggyi.
|The flag of this nation in France displays 4 white and 5 black stripes, and a canton including an ermine. The ermine has been the arms of the nation since the 12th century.|
Brittany. Brittany was incorporated in France in 1532.
|Many nations without statehood live in Europe. Some of them use flags that have become the flag of the regions. This is particularly the case in Spain. This national flag is red with a white and a green saltire. The flag, called the "Ikkurina", was illegal from 1936 to 1977.|
Basque Country. The Basque Country includes the provinces Alava, Guipuzcoa and Vizcaya. In the Middle Ages the Basque Country was successively dependent upon the Kingdoms of Asturias, Navarra and Castile. It was granted internal autonomy in 1980.
|This nation is a part of Spain. Its flag has five yellow and four red horizontal stripes. The use of the flag was illegal from 1939 to 1975.|
Catalonia. Catalonia includes the provinces of Barcelona, Gerona, Lerida and Tarragona. It became an autonomous region of Spain in 1980.
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