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"Various aphasias, or language disorders, affect about 1 in 300 people. How much do you know about Broca's Aphasia, one of the most common (and devastating) of these maladies?"
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
Broca's aphasia is caused by damage (often from a stroke, a car crash, or a brain tumor) to Broca's area of the brain. Where is this region located?
right hemisphere, beside the corpus callosum
left hemisphere, anterior to the Sylvian fissure
left hemisphere, beside the corpus callosum
right hemisphere, posterior to the medulla oblongata
Paul Broca, a French doctor, first described this disease in 1865. His research focused mainly on what man, the first diagnosed Broca's aphasic?
M. de Saussure
Which of these symptoms is characteristic of Broca's aphasia?
speech is fluent but makes no sense
cannot recall words to communicate; broken and jumbled speech
cannot recall certain classes of words; for example, cannot remember the names for red objects
cannot spell correctly
In general, Broca's aphasics also have difficulty processing grammatical function words. Which of the following sentences would most sufferers interpret incorrectly?
The car was hit by the tree.
The banana that the man is eating is yellow.
The girl kissed the boy.
The bird flies in the sky.
In general, however, can Broca's aphasics understand spoken language?
Broca's aphasics sometimes also suffer from physical paralysis or limited movement. Where?
The right side - the arm, leg, or right side of the face.
The lower half of the body - legs and feet, but not arms or face.
The left side - the arm, leg, or left side of the face.
The upper half of the body - arms and face, but not legs or feet.
Which of these terms is not another name for Broca's aphasia?
No Broca's aphasic ever recovers any of his or her language ability.
Are Broca's aphasics generally aware that they have a language disability?
A deaf person, who uses American Sign Language (ASL) to communicate, sustains an injury to Broca's area of the brain. What symptoms is this person likely to experience?
None; ASL is regulated by a different part of the brain.
Normal Broca's Aphasia symptoms, but with ASL instead of spoken language.
He or she will lose any speaking or lip-reading abilities, but will still be able to communicate normally in ASL.
He or she will lose signing ability, but will find it easier to speak or lip-read, and may regain some hearing ability.
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Compiled May 24 13