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A Remarkable Bus Ride
"On December 1, 1955, an African-American seamstress made an extraordinary decision. By refusing to cede her bus seat to a white man, she helped put the wheels in motion to end segregation."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
Under the segregation laws, the city buses reserved the front rows for white riders, with the backs of the buses available to the community's African-Americans. On this particular day, Rosa Parks, a seamstress, was seated in the first row behind the whites-only section. How many people were asked to move so that a single white person could take a seat in that row?
Parks was arrested and she appealed the decision, challenging the very basis of segregation. In the meantime, a bus boycott was organized. This would have a significant impact of the local bus system since 75% of the ridership was Black. In which city did this boycott take place?
An organization of activists and ministers was established to organize the boycott, and these local leaders called upon special young man to lead the group. Who was this man, who was fairly new to town, who had only lived in the town for just over a year at the time?
Martin Luther King, Jr.
The segregation customs and laws were commonly referred to as the "Jim Crow" laws. These began around the time of Reconstruction (following the Civil War) and continued through the 1950s. Who is Jim Crow believed to have been?
A character created by a minstrel in black face make-up in the 1830's
Both of these choices
A southern slave owner
Neither of these choices
Jim Crow laws affected the way of life for African-Americans in every possible way, including education, medical care, and even water fountains and lunch counters. Why do you suppose the bus systems were often the focal point of racial unrest?
Bus drivers were given great lattitude in enforcing Jim Crow laws
The public buses were usually operated by white-owned utility companies
Both blacks and whites had to use the same facility
Public transportation was necessary for blacks, as most could not afford automobiles
Parks' case was so significant because she was the first African-American to refuse to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus and be subsequently arrested.
This was not the end of the legal troubles that Rosa Parks had to endure. She was indicted again for another crime on February 21, 1956. For what was she arrested?
Inciting a riot
Boycotting the buses
Sitting at a "whites-only" lunch counter
Rosa Parks did not stop with the trials and tribulations surrounding the famous bus ride. She remains active in the civil rights movement and attended the 1963 March on Washington, the Selma-Montgomery March in 1965, and spoke to the Million Man March in 1995 in Washington DC. She also worked in the offices of U.S. Rep John Conyers (D-Michigan) from 1965-1988. Which of these awards did she not receive?
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Nobel Peace Prize
Congressional Gold Medal
The bus on which Parks' rode when she was arrested was retired from service and sold. Later it was used for lumber storage and put out in a field. When it was eventually sold, there was a need to authenticate it as the bus that transported Parks. How was that done?
Oral accounts from former bus employees
Notations on a newspaper clipping
Testimony from the bus driver
A plaque later mounted next to the seat she gave up
The bus is on display at the Henry Ford Museum. Its restoration cost about $300,000, of which two-thirds was covered by a "Save America's Treasures" grant from the federal government. The bus is a Ford product.
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Compiled Nov 16 14