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Incredible Creatures - How Do They Do It?
Specific Topic Animal Trivia
"Some members of the animal kingdom are able to do things beyond the physical capabilities of human beings. How much do you know about these amazing creatures and their unique adaptations?"
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
Most humans can only hold their breath for a few minutes. However, there is an animal which can dive to great depths for up to 2 hours! What allows this is a high concentration of haemoglobin in its blood, massive lungs, and the ability to store much oxygen in its muscles. Which animal am I describing?
The blue whale
The sea turtle
The sperm whale
The Galapagos penguin
Humans often communicate by sound. However, few human sounds are as powerful as the roar of the lion. As well as the larynx, which other morphological feature is seen as essential to the lion's ability to roar?
A detachable jaw
The hyoid bone
An extra flexible diaphragm
A stiffened oesophagus
Humans have had to build machines in order to achieve flight, but to some animals this comes naturally. Which bird, the largest flying bird in the western hemisphere, only has to flap its wings a few times an hour whilst in flight due to its enormous wingspan?
The kori bustard
The Andean condor
The barn owl
The turkey vulture
We humans may often have trouble digesting some of our food. Which animal, because of its incredibly powerful jaws and very strong stomach acid, has little trouble with digestion?
The spotted hyena
The amount of time a human can spend hanging from a support varies from person to person. Not only can bats hang for amazingly long periods of time, but they can do it upside-down...whilst sleeping! Which quality of a bat allows it to do this?
Whilst relaxed, its claws are clenched
It possesses velcro-like pads on its claws
Its fingers slot together to form a very tight grip
Its claws are sharp enough to dig into walls
Humans often indulge in oversized meals, and this is no different in the animal world! Which of these snakes uses its detachable jaw to swallow prey whole, after squeezing it to death?
The king cobra
The coastal taipan
The pit viper
If humans were to reach the speeds achieved by a peregrine falcon (up to 200 mph) in open air, they could do serious damage to their health. One such problem would be the affect of pressure on the brain due to these high speeds. How does a peregrine deal with this problem?
Air which enters the bird's nostrils is directed to a specialised air sac where it is stored
Skin flaps temporarily cover the nostrils of the bird
Small stiff fibres in the bird's nostrils limit the amount of air flowing past them
Air can leave through tiny holes in the skull when pressure becomes too high
The bite of a human is fairly formidable and can even break the skin. However, in the animal world, few bites come close to that of the crocodile's in terms of power. This is due to extremely strong muscles which close its jaws. Is it true that a meagre elastic band can prevent the crocodile from opening its jaws?
Whereas humans have trouble coping with extremely low temperatures, some animals have evolved many adaptations to deal with it. Which animal possesses a thick layer of fat, broad paws and thick undercoat, specially adapted to cope with its arctic environment?
The elephant seal
The emperor penguin
The polar bear
Oops, I almost didn't see this one. Whereas humans depend on body paint and clever clothing to blend into their surroundings, camouflage comes naturally to some incredible creatures. Which animal, often referred to as the chameleon of the sea, uses tiny muscles along with pigment filled sacs to constantly change colour?
The giant squid
The lemon shark
The sea cucumber
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Compiled Jun 28 12