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Basic Linguistic Terms
"Linguistic terminology won't - in itself - help you to improve your linguistic levels. Yet it may help you to have an insight in how a language functions. Terms are illustrated with examples from English, French, Spanish and German."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
What is the correct term for the omission of a final syllable, sound or letter in a word as e.g. in a cup o' tea where f is dropped?
Initialisms are spoken as individual letters. USA and BBC are initialisms. Nato, Unesco are not because you pronounce these 'letterwords' as single words. Which of these terms is a correct synonym for an initialism?
When you use the word Cologne for Koeln in Germany then you are using the non-local version of a placename. Same applies to Milan for Milano; Prague for Praha, The Hague for Den Haag; etc. What is the linguistic name for such a NON-local version of a placename?
In Spanish and French an e is often added to words that in Latin began in sch. Escuela, escole (later: ecole) for schola. What's the technical term for such an addition at the beginning of words?
The German word for potatoes was originally Tartuffeln related to tartufoli 'truffles'. The initial T became a K: Kartoffeln. Of what language change phenomenon is that an example?
It is it said by a famous 'linguistic law' that voiceless 'plosives' such as p, t, k in Latin or Greek will normally become voiceless 'fricatives' in English ( f, th, ch). In other words pater, piscis become father, fish. Tres becomes three. Cornu; cor become horn, heart. Who 'discovered' this 'law' ?
Ferdinand de Saussure
Which of these types of linguistics applies linguistic theories and methods to the analysis of disorders of spoken, written or signed language?
In language study various abbreviations are used to refer to certain specific types of language study. EIL is English as an International Language , nl. for purposes of international communication. EAP is English for Academic Purposes. EOP is English for Occupational Purposes. ESP : English for Special Purposes as contrasted to EGP English for General Purposes. EFL : English as a Foreign Language. Which of the following terms and abbreviations is the only one that is correct for the language preferred in a multilingual situation, whether it is the first acquired or not ?
MT or Mother Tongue
NL or Native Language
L1 or First Language
NNL or Non-Native Language
Words may develop from a neutral meaning to a worse or a better meaning. Villain e.g. originally meant :farm labourer.Or from bad to neutral or less bad as 'mischievous' that developed from 'disastrous' to 'slightly annoying'. Words may also be reshaped because of popular misunderstanding such as a. 'bride-goom' from bride + guma (man) into bridegroom (literally the bride's serving lad) or b. asparagus being misnamed sparrow-grass. What is the correct name for such an evolution as in a. or b. ?
Which of these terms refers to a type of fabricated and non-meaningful speech and is often when associated with a trance state as in the so-called 'speaking in tongues'?
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Compiled May 21 13