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Richard I Quizzes, Trivia and Puzzles
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Richard I Trivia

Richard I Trivia Quizzes

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3 Richard I quizzes and 45 Richard I trivia questions.
  Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth   top quiz  
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
Many myths have grown up around this famous king of England. The truth reveals another but no less interesting story. Try out these questions and see.
Tough, 15 Qns, Philian, Nov 12 14
1265 plays
  Richard I   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 20 Qns
Richard has come down in history as a gallant knight. How much do we really know about this individual?
Average, 20 Qns, tripeuro, Apr 01 17
848 plays
  Richard Coeur de Lion    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
The odd life of Richard I , Coeur de Lion, the Lion Heart.
Average, 10 Qns, deadmeat, Dec 15 17
Dec 15 17
2020 plays
trivia question Quick Question
In 1190, Richard I, set of for the Crusades with King Philip, but bad weather caused the two kings to winter on which Island?

From Quiz "Richard Coeur de Lion"

Richard I Trivia Questions

1. Richard was the son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Which child of this royal pair was he?

From Quiz
Richard I

Answer: the fourth child

Richard was the fourth child of Henry and Eleanor and the sixth child of Eleanor who had had two daughters by her first husband, Louis VII of France. His older siblings were William who died in infancy, Henry (the young king) who died at age 28 and Matilda who married Henry 'the Lion', Duke of Saxony.

2. Where was King Richard I born?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: In Oxford in England

Richard was born the 8th September, 1157 at Beaumont Palace in Oxford. Thus, in spite of not speaking a word of English, Richard was at least born in the country.

3. Richard's father was Henry II, but who was his mother?

From Quiz Richard Coeur de Lion

Answer: Eleanor of Aquitaine

4. Richard was known by the cognomen "the Lionheart". He also had another cognomen, also based upon a characteristic. What was it?

From Quiz Richard I

Answer: Richard Yea and Nay

Richard got the nickname "Yea and Nay" due to the rapidity with which he made decisions - especially in preparation for the crusade. He also deserved the other names, although they were not applied. He was responsible for the ordering of the massacre of captured prisoners, died while attempting to lay claim to a disputed treasure trove and was born in Oxford.

5. How many brothers and sisters did Richard I have?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: Seven - four brothers and three sisters.

The eight children of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine were William (who died young), Henry, Matilda, Geoffrey, Eleanor, Joan, John and, of course, Richard himself. The legends tend to focus on Richard and John, though Geoffrey's son, Arthur, is often included when King John becomes king.

6. Richard had an older brother. Can you name him?

From Quiz Richard Coeur de Lion

Answer: Henry

Richard's mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, in her second marriage, had given two heirs to the throne of England, with Henry (the Young), Richard's elder brother, and Richard himself. She would have two others sons, Geoffrey, and the last, John, born in 1167.

7. Richard was a leader in which of the crusades?

From Quiz Richard I

Answer: the third & third & third crusade & 3rd Crusade & Kings Crusade

The crusades were first proposed by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095. The First Crusade took place in 1096-99. Originally the crusades were to free the Holy Land from the Muslims but as time wore on the objectives changed. The Eighth Crusade (1270) was the last major Christian attempt to free the Holy Land but it attacked the Arabs in Tunis. Although there were other 'crusades' ie the Albigensian Crusade (1200s), the Crusades of the Teutonic Knights (1229-1525) and the crusades in Spain (711-1492), crusades as commonly understood ended in 1291 with the fall of Acre to the Muslims.

8. In which city in Europe did Richard spend many of the years of his youth at his mother's court?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: Poitiers

Though Richard's reputation is largely based on his exploits during war-time, he actually preferred the company of his sophisticated and well-educated mother in Aquitaine to that of his belligerent father who was always on the move. This didn't stop Richard from becoming the sort of man who seemed to look anywhere for an opportunity to fight.

9. What event happened on December 29th 1170, which caused huge problems for the royal family?

From Quiz Richard Coeur de Lion

Answer: Thomas Becket was murdered

Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury, was killed, by order of Henry II, King of England, in his Cathedral.

10. When Richard went on crusade, whom did he nominate as his heir in case something happened to him while away?

From Quiz Richard I

Answer: Arthur of Brittany

Arthur of Brittany, although a child, was the posthumous son of his next oldest brother, Geoffrey of Brittany and so was the natural successor. John, Count of Mortain was his youngest brother. Although he was the only surviving son of Eleanor and Henry II, according to the strict line of succession, the son of Geoffrey took precedence. Geoffrey of York was an illegitimate son of Henry II and had been created Archbishop of York.

11. In 1173 and 1174, Richard joined his brothers Henry and Geoffrey in a campaign against which person?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: His father - Henry II

The campaign was in fact a revolt by the brothers against the will of their father and the way he insisted they should run their parts of his larger kingdom. It seems odd that Richard's reputation should remain so high after betraying the trust of the one who gave him life and who was his king. He was more than once a traitor.

12. What curious phenomenon was reported to have occurred when Richard approached the dead body of his father Henry II in Fontrevault?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: Henry's nose suddenly began to bleed.

Howden and Giraldus both report this incident. To them contemporary people would have assumed that this indicated that Richard was guilty of killing his father. That Richard may have contributed to his father's death is certainly probable for he had combined with the France king in a final rebellion. On the other hand John, Henry II's favourite son, probably caused his father more grief when he too was found to be numbered amongst the rebels.

13. Henry II asked Richard to hand over which province to his younger brother John?

From Quiz Richard Coeur de Lion

Answer: Aquitaine

Richard refused. He had spent the formative years of his life in Aquitaine, bending the recalcitrant province to his will, and was not going to give it up. Richard kept his Duchy and John remained 'John Lackland'.

14. How old was Richard when he was crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: 31

Richard was born on the 8th September, 1157 and was crowned on the 2nd September, 1189. Thus he was 31 years of age and only just short of being 32. Two older brothers had died before he, the third son, came to the throne. His brother Henry had actually been crowned as King of England but this was done by the Archbishop of York rather than that of Canterbury and Henry II had tried to give this son this minor kingdom whilst he considered himself the King of several kingdoms. The "young king" was not recognised by the Pope nor any of the important European monarchs. Thus when young Henry died Henry II was forced to recognise Richard, whom he did not like or trust, as his heir.

15. In 1190, Richard I, set of for the Crusades with King Philip, but bad weather caused the two kings to winter on which Island?

From Quiz Richard Coeur de Lion

Answer: Sicily

The two kings decided to winter in Sicily. The time passed quietly and pleasantly enough. But on February 2, 1191, the two kings had a violent quarrel.

16. Richard had for twenty years been betrothed to Philip's half sister. As a result of the betrothal, she had been raised at the court of Henry II. Who was that lady?

From Quiz Richard I

Answer: Alais (aka Alice and Alys)

Alais, according to gossip, while at the court of Henry II had become the mistress of Henry II and, according to some, had borne him children. Richard had no intention of marrying his father's leman. Philip reluctantly released Richard from his obligation while travelling to the Holy Land, thus allowing Richard to marry Berengaria. When Philip left the Holy Land ahead of Richard, plots began to arise, one of which included the marriage of Alais to John. That plan also came to naught and the unfortunate Alais was then married to William of Ponthieu. Margaret was the wife of Richard's deceased elder brother Henry, and Matilda and Joan were Richard's sisters.

17. What event in England at the time of Richard's coronation cast a stain over any celebrations?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: The slaughter of a large number of Jews.

Richard was probably partly responsible for the massacre that took place. It is reported that in the strongest terms he encouraged his subjects to turn away the unbelievers from the ceremony. This was interpreted as a license for attacking the Jews and their property in London.

18. In 1190 Richard met his future wife and they were married at Limassol in May 1191. Who was she?

From Quiz Richard Coeur de Lion

Answer: Berengaria of Navarre

In April, Richard sailed, with Berengaria, for Cyprus. On May 12th, three days after they arrived, Richard and Berengaria were married in the Chapel of St Georges at Limassol. It seems that Berengaria never set foot in England!

19. What was the most significant difference between the third crusade and the first and second crusades?

From Quiz Richard I

Answer: The crusaders undertook to travel by sea.

Unlike the first and second crusades that travelled basically overland, the third crusade relied upon sea transport to get them to the holy land. Although there were fewer women in the entourage, they were there. Berengaria, Richard's wife was in the entourage as was his sister Joan. The fourth crusade attacked Constantinople.

20. How many years of his 10 year reign did Richard actually spend in England?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: Less than 1 year

Some sources say that he spent no more than 6 months in England. Others report that is was 10 months. All agree that it was certainly less than a year. The truth is that he had no love for England and a great deal of love for those areas of France which he considered his home.

21. In September 1191 Richard won a victory in the Holy Land. What was the name of the battle?

From Quiz Richard Coeur de Lion

Answer: Battle of Arsuf

22. One of the leaders of the crusades placed his banner along side that of Richard. This provoked a reaction on the part Richard's men, resulting in the tearing down of the offending banner. Whose banner caused offence?

From Quiz Richard I

Answer: Duke Leopold of Austria

Duke Leopold of Austria had his banner placed alongside those of Richard and Philip after the battle at Acre. Some of Richard's troops, probably with the agreement of Richard, tore down the Austrian banner and cast it into a ditch thereby offending Leopold. Tancred was the host of Richard and Philip in Sicily on their way to the crusade.

23. Which city did Richard say that he would sell if he could find someone to buy it?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: London

The only thing that appealed to Richard about England was the money that he could raise by taxing his people or by selling his estates. There is no evidence whatsoever of concern for any of his subjects.

24. Returning from the Holy Land, with a three year truce, Richard fell into the hands of whom?

From Quiz Richard Coeur de Lion

Answer: Leopold, Duke of Austria

After a difficult voyage brought him back from Marseille to Corfu, and then to Ragusa, he landed with just a handful of fellows in arms. Alas, he was in the estates of his mortal enemy, Leopold, Duke of Austria. Shortly before Christmas 1192, Richard fell into the hands of Leopold who had been warned that the English king was back. Richard was thrown into a dungeon. A few months after, Leopold sent Richard to a strong castle built high on a mountain-slope overlooking the Danube. This was the castle of Durnstein, at Trifels, in the estates of the Emperor Henry VI. The whole of Europe knew about his capture. But nothing helped and the European sovereigns as a whole made no secret of their contentment, for Richard was neutralized at last. Alone, Eleanor negotiated her son's ransom and brought it to the Emperor in Cologne. On February 2, 1194, Richard was set free.

25. Who was the leader of the Muslim forces in the Third Crusade?

From Quiz Richard I

Answer: Saladin

Saladin's capture of the Holy Land was the result of a unification of Muslim groups who had, heretofore, been divided against one another - a collection of minor tribes which were crippled by internal feuding. This consolidation began in 1127 and in 1174 control of these consolidated domains (which by that time included Egypt) fell to Saladin.

26. In which Crusade did Richard I play a leading part?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: The Third Crusade

Some historians report that Richard I went on the Third Crusade as a result of a promise that he made to his dying father. He won several victories but never did capture Jerusalem. His reputation as a fierce fighter was certainly enhanced at this time.

27. Richard's death in 1199 was odd. Do you know what killed him?

From Quiz Richard Coeur de Lion

Answer: Gangrene

Richard was attacking the fortress at Chalus. A guard saw a small squadron of horsemen below the castle. He fired and his crossbow bolt struck one of the horsemen in the left shoulder. The wounded knight stood up on his stirrups and congratulated the soldier on his dexterity. Richard was the wounded 'knight'. He dismounted, sat on a rock, to have himself examinated by the doctor. Richard rode back to his quarters, making light of his wound. But it proved difficult to remove the iron arrow-head. Gangrene set in and after a few days Richard knew that he was dying. He forgave the defenders and Pierre Basile in particular, who had shot him. Thus, the Coeur de Lion died.

28. At whose suggestion did Richard marry Berengaria of Navarre in 1191?

From Quiz Richard I - The Truth Not the Myth

Answer: His mother's - Eleanor of Aquitaine

The marriage took place on the 12th May at Limassol in Cyprus. The lands of Navarre were adjacent to those of Aquitaine, the part of Richard's own lands that he most loved. In spite of this marriage Richard and Berengaria had no children and Richard only lived openly with his wife when a charge of sodomy was brought against him.

29. Richard left authority in England divided between two justiciars. Hugh du Puiset, Bishop of Durham was made justiciar of the north. Who was appointed justiciar of the south?

From Quiz Richard I

Answer: William Longchamp, Bishop of Ely

William Longchamp was a headstrong individual. After Richard had departed for the crusades, he followed him to France and managed to have his authority increased at the expense of his colleague. He was forced to retreat to Normandy as a result of the antagonism he had created with the aristocracy.

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