23. Many Urdu speakers reside outside the Indian subcontinent. In which Southern Hemisphere country, noted for having 11 official languages, does it have protected status?
From Quiz Urdu: The Language of the Exalted Camp
Answer: South Africa
In Chapter 1 (Founding Provisions) of the current Constitution of South Africa, ratified in 1996, the section about languages (Section 6) states that the Pan South African Language Board must "promote and ensure respect for all languages commonly used by communities in South Africa." Being spoken in older immigrant communities throughout the country, Urdu is one of the 11 languages expressly mentioned in the fifth paragraph of Section 6, as are Hindi, Sanskrit, Gujarati, Tamil, and Telugu - all languages originating in the Indian subcontinent.
Under the Indian indenture service that replaced slavery in the British Empire and other European colonial powers, many Indians were transported to South Africa to work as labourers. Most of them were concentrated in the former colony of Natal: the port city of Durban, the capital of present-day KwaZulu Natal, has the country's highest concentration of people of South Asian descent. Many Urdu speakers arrived in South Africa as traders: because of their adherence to Islam and their dress, they were known as "Arab traders". In more recent times, a number of Pakistani Urdu speakers have migrated to urban areas of South Africa.
Other sizable communities of Urdu speakers can be found in many Asian and African countries, as well as in the US, the UK, Canada, and Australia. In the UK, Urdu is one of the five most commonly spoken languages, used as a lingua franca by about 2 million British Asians.