FREE! Click here to Join FunTrivia. Thousands of games, quizzes, and lots more!
Hungary Quizzes, Trivia and Puzzles
Hungary Quizzes, Trivia

Hungary History Trivia

Hungary History Trivia Quizzes

  1. Home
  2. »
  3. Quizzes
  4. »
  5. History Trivia
  6. »
  7. European

Fun Trivia
5 Hungary History quizzes and 55 Hungary History trivia questions.
  The History of Budapest    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Budapest, formerly Buda and Pest, is the dominant and capital city of Hungary. This quiz features 10 questions on Budapest's rocky past from its founding to World War II.
Average, 10 Qns, Joepetz, Jun 24 15
Joepetz gold member
343 plays
  Mighty Monarchs VIII (Hungary)    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Mighty Monarchs VIII covers the various rulers of Hungary from the final settlement of the Magyars (c. 955 AD) to the beginning of Hapsburg rule (1526 AD). Related odds and ends included. Good Luck!
Average, 10 Qns, hund, Sep 29 13
770 plays
  Hungary under Communist Rule    
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
This quiz is part of a series I am hoping to do on Eastern European Countries and Communism. If nothing else, it helps me study for my exam. Hope you have fun!
Average, 15 Qns, allieetal, Oct 14 10
909 plays
  1000 Years of Hungary    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
How much do you know about the 1000 years of the Hungarian Kingdom?
Tough, 10 Qns, korban, Jan 22 21
Jan 22 21
1228 plays
  1956 Hungarian Uprising    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This is a quiz on the Hungarian Uprising of 1956. It shouldn't be too difficult; enjoy!
Tough, 10 Qns, holl_poll, May 08 04
552 plays
trivia question Quick Question
What was the official name of the 1953-1955 liberal Prime Minister's plan for a liberalisation of Hungarian Communist rule?

From Quiz "1956 Hungarian Uprising"

Related Topics
  Mixed Hungary [General] (4 quizzes)

  Hungary [Geography] (4 quizzes)

Hungary History Trivia Questions

1. Budapest (or to be precise, Buda) began as a small Celtic community in the first century B.C. on which hill, that is today next to the Liberty Bridge and overlooks the Danube River?

From Quiz
The History of Budapest

Answer: Gellert Hill

Gellert Hill is named after the Hungarian name for Saint Gerard, who was martyred on the hill in 1046, when he was killed by pagans. Prior to this, Gellert Hill had been called Mons Pestiensis. It remained in Celtic hands until the Romans took it and renamed it Aquincum.

2. Who emerged as the leader of the Soviet Union in 1955-6?

From Quiz 1956 Hungarian Uprising

Answer: Nikita Khrushchev

Brezhnev was leader after Khrushchev, Stalin was leader from about 1927-53, and Beria was executed in 1954 for supposedly committing treason.

3. At the Battle of Lechfeld (Aug 9, 955 AD) the Magyars were defeated by the Saxons and forced to finally settle in Pannonia (modern Hungary). Which king of the Saxons ended the Magyar threat to Central Europe?

From Quiz Mighty Monarchs VIII (Hungary)

Answer: Otto I

The Magyars had originally been summoned into Central Europe (c. 894 AD) as allies of the Byzantine Empire in their war against the Bulgars. They migrated westward into Pannonia after being quickly defeated by the Bulgars. Between c. 900-955 AD they would periodically launch raids into central Europe and even into France. Otto I, King of the Saxons (936-973 AD), was eventually crowned Holy Roman Emperor (Feb 2, 962 AD) by Pope John XII. He was later remembered as Otto 'the Great.'

4. Who was the first King of Hungary (1000-1038)?

From Quiz 1000 Years of Hungary

Answer: Saint Stephen

After his death, he became the only person who had been sainted by both Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians.

5. After centuries of invasions by different tribes, Hungary was formally founded in AD 896 by which man, who is frequently called the founder of Hungary and began building the cities of Buda and Pest?

From Quiz The History of Budapest

Answer: Arpad

The Romans had fought to keep Budapest under their control, but it was too far away from Rome and was on the border of the empire. They gave up Budapest in the 5th century when Attila the Hun took it over some time later. In the ninth century Arpad led groups of people, now called the Hungarian Confederation. These people settled throughout Eastern Europe, but Arpad settled along the Danube in what is now Budapest.

6. Who was the Stalinist leader that ruled Hungary before (and after)and was then condemned by the new Soviet leadership for excessive use of terror and the cultivation of a personality cult, amongst other things?

From Quiz 1956 Hungarian Uprising

Answer: Rakosi & Rakosy & Rakosii

Rakosi resented having to share his power with the new Prime Minister, and waged political war against him until he was deposed in 1955.

7. The Kingdom of Hungary was created when this duke was crowned king by Pope Sylvester II (Aug 15, 1000 AD). He established the Arpad dynasty which held the throne till 1301 AD. Which individual was it?

From Quiz Mighty Monarchs VIII (Hungary)

Answer: Stephen I

Stephen I, the Saint (r. 997-1038 AD), had succeeded his father, Geza (r. 972-997 AD) as duke in 997 AD. He received his crown from the pope for his efforts to convert his pagan subjects to Christianity. He was also bestowed the title of the 'Apostolic King.'

8. This king was raised to become Byzantinian Emperor, but ended up being a Hungarian King and making the country one of the strongest in Europe at the turn of the 12th and 13th century:

From Quiz 1000 Years of Hungary

Answer: Bela III

He was a Hungarian prince and the adopted son of Manuel II, the great Byzantine Emperor. Bela was the official heir of Manuel. However, Manuel's wife gave birth to a son quite unexpectedly late in their marrige. This son became Emperor, and Bela returned to Hungary.

9. What is King Ladislaus IV best known for in Hungarian history?

From Quiz The History of Budapest

Answer: Protecting Buda and Pest from Mongol invaders in 1285.

The Mongols had much success conquering territory in Europe, but when they reached Hungary, they were repelled by King Ladislaus IV. The Mongols had been weakened in the Carpathian Mountains during wintertime. Because of their defeat, the Mongols became hesitant to invade Hungary again.

10. Name the Prime Minister that the Stalinist leader of Hungary had to share his power with.

From Quiz 1956 Hungarian Uprising

Answer: Nagy

Nagy was a more liberal Communist, and thus was approved by the Soviet leadership as a step towards de-Stalinisation (which, although it officially announced in 1956, actually started soon after the dictator's death).

11. Andrew II, King of Hungary, was one of the few Christian monarchs to answer the call of Pope Honorius III for a new crusade in 1216 AD. Which Crusade did he participate in?

From Quiz Mighty Monarchs VIII (Hungary)

Answer: Fifth

Andrew II (r. 1205-1235 AD) departed for the Holy Land in 1217 AD only to return home in 1218 AD before the major events of the Fifth Crusade (1217-1221 AD) unfolded.

12. In what year did the Hungarian government come under complete Communist control following World War II?

From Quiz Hungary under Communist Rule

Answer: 1948

Unlike in Poland, the Communists showed initial restraint in talking total control of the government. In September 1945, the Hungarian Roman Catholic Primate condemned Marxism without suffering any consequences. The first President of the new republic was Zoltan Tildy, a member of the Smallholders' Party. And the Ministry of the Interior, which exercised control over the state police apparatus, was not placed initially in the hands of a Communist. Not until the peace treaty with the Allies was signed in February of 1947 did the Communists begin to tighten their control. In 1948, the crackdown was complete.

13. What natural resource was Hungary the primary producer of in Europe during the medieval age?

From Quiz 1000 Years of Hungary

Answer: Gold

The Carpathian mountains were the primary source of gold for Europe, but they were depleted by the late 14th century.

14. Which Renaissance Hungarian king ruled from Buda Castle from 1458-1490 and helped transform Buda into an artistic and intellectual city?

From Quiz The History of Budapest

Answer: Matyas

Amongst the reforms performed by Matyas, or Matthias Corvinus or Matthias as he is otherwise known as, and his wife Beatrice of Naples were: an increase in taxes and the introduction of Italian-style arts to Hungary. Queen Beatrice was from Italy and, upon her marriage, brought many of the Italian ideas with her and encouraged them. Also during Matyas' rule, Buda became economically prosperous as merchants and traders flocked to the city, despite the high taxes.

15. What was the official name of the 1953-1955 liberal Prime Minister's plan for a liberalisation of Hungarian Communist rule?

From Quiz 1956 Hungarian Uprising

Answer: The New Course

The policy initiatives of the New Course included the end of forced collectivisation, less censorship and allowing some free market economics.

16. This great general's victories are credited with holding up Ottoman expansion into Europe for almost a century. Who was it?

From Quiz 1000 Years of Hungary

Answer: Janos Hunyadi

After his victory at Nandorfehervar (today's Belgrade) in 1456, he earned the admiration of both the Ottomans and Catholic Europe. The Pope ordered that all bells be tolled every day at noon to remember those who died fighting the Ottomans at Belgrade.

17. Who was NOT a member of the so-called 'Quadrign' of leaders? (Pre-1953.)

From Quiz 1956 Hungarian Uprising

Answer: Nagy

The other member was Revai. I apologise for not using the correct diarcitical marks!

18. On October 23, 1956, a demonstration by Budapest students erupted into full-scale revolution. Why were the students demonstrating?

From Quiz Hungary under Communist Rule

Answer: To show support for the political revolution taking place in Poland and to urge its emulation by Hungary.

The students were trying to show their solidarity with Poland which was fighting for similar liberalizations; other demands included the restoration of Imre Nagy to power, and a re-evaluation of Hungarian-Soviet relations.

19. This Hungarian bishop was expected to become Pope, but lost against Leo X. The Crusade he had organized turned into a peasant rebellion:

From Quiz 1000 Years of Hungary

Answer: Bakocz

20. What were the results of the 1686 Battle of Buda between the Holy Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire?

From Quiz The History of Budapest

Answer: Buda and Pest returned to Habsburg rule.

The Holy Roman Empire had attempted to take Buda and Pest since the Ottomans first won them. However, they always failed to do so. In 1684, the Holy League was formed as an alliance between the Holy Roman Empire, Poland-Lithuania and Venice to oppose the Ottoman Empire. The Holy League failed. However, the Holy Roman Empire alone was able to defeat the Ottomans in 1686. The Habsburgs were seen as the rightful rulers of Buda and Pest and Joseph I was declared King of Hungary. The 1686 battle is often considered one of the most gruesome battles in modern history as many Jews and Turks were mutilated and thrown in the Danube to drown. Many mosques and Jewish temples were burned and vandalized in an attempt to drive out non-Christians from Buda and Pest.

21. Who deposed Nagy in 1955?

From Quiz 1956 Hungarian Uprising

Answer: Rakosi

Rakosi immediately returned to his former hardline Stalinist policy, which was a large contributing factor to the 1956 uprising. Lenin was long-dead, I made the other two up!

22. Who was the Hungarian Communist party First Secretary at the time of the student protests?

From Quiz Hungary under Communist Rule

Answer: Erno Gero

Erno Gero had just recently replaced Matyas Rakosi as the First Secretary of the Hungarian Communist party. Gero did concede to the students that Imre Nagy might again become Premier. However, he was shortly thereafter replaced as the party chief by the Soviet Union in favor of Janos Kadar. Milovan Dijilas was an early contemporary of Tito's in Yugoslavia.

23. In this year, the Hungarian nobels pledged loyalty to Maria Teresia, saving her from being toppled by Fredrick II.

From Quiz 1000 Years of Hungary

Answer: 1740

In the War of Austrian Succession, in seemed almost sure that Maria Teresia would lose to Fredrick the Great. It was the Hungarian army that saved her in the first year of the war.

24. What is the name of the bridge that was completed in 1849 and is considered one of the most famous sights in Budapest today?

From Quiz The History of Budapest

Answer: Chain Bridge

The Chain Bridge is also called Szechenyi Lanchid after Count Szechenyi who conceived the idea for the bridge. It was considered one of the most modern bridges and feats of engineering in its day and linked Buda and Pest permanently. The Chain Bridge also symbolized a new dawning in Hungary as Count Szechnyi looked to advance the cities and Hungary beyond the stagnancy that had dominated in the 18th century.

25. What was the name of Nagy's plan for liberalisation, which was released in 1953?

From Quiz 1956 Hungarian Uprising

Answer: June Resolution

The October Manifesto was 50 years earlier, being the 1905 concession by Nicholas II of Russia to give the people a parliament, or duma.

26. This Communist leader was executed in 1958 for having supported the revolutionaries. Who was he?

From Quiz Hungary under Communist Rule

Answer: Imre Nagy

Nagy sided with the revolutionaries. He repudiated Gero's request for military intervention by the Soviet Union; he re-established the multiparty government coalition of 1945; he withdrew Hungary from the Warsaw Pact and he requested United Nations protection.

27. The Hungarian Revolution was one of the many revolutions in 1848, but it held out for the longest time. When was it defeated?

From Quiz 1000 Years of Hungary

Answer: 1849

It was defeated by the joint attack of Austrian and Russian armies, their last cooperation under the Holy Alliance.

28. Who was the Hungarian national poet, who in 1848, rallied the people in Hungary to revolt against the Habsburgs during the Hungarian Revolution?

From Quiz The History of Budapest

Answer: Petofi Sandor

The legend goes that Petofi Sandor delivered the Nemzeti Dal, the National Song, to gain support for the revolution. His words were so moving that it worked and the people joined in. However, the Hungarians lost and the Habsburgs built numerous sites in Buda and Pest to show their dominance. However, by 1867, Hungary regained some power when Austria-Hungary was formed, following the defeat of the Austrian Empire by the Prussians in 1866.

29. Which Soviet Union higher party member most supported Nagy's reforms?

From Quiz 1956 Hungarian Uprising

Answer: Malenkov

Unfortunately he was not in a strong political position himself at the time of Nagy's deposition in 1955, and so was to be of little help.

30. What other international political crisis coincided with the Hungarian Revolution and was deemed by the United States to be of more strategic significance at the time?

From Quiz Hungary under Communist Rule

Answer: Suez Crisis

The Suez crisis, which threatened to jeopardize American access to the Suez Canal, took precedence over the Hungarian Revolution for American policy makers. Realizing that there was little that the United Nations could do given the Soviet Union's permanent seat on the Security Council, the Americans declined to provide substantial aid to the Hungarians. The revolution was crushed by Soviet troops in approximately two weeks.

This is category 5529
play trivia = Top 5% Rated Quiz, take trivia quiz Top 10% Rated Quiz, test trivia quiz Top 20% Rated Quiz, popular trivia A Well Rated Quiz
new quizzes = added recently, editor pick = Editor's Pick editor = FunTrivia Editor gold = Gold Member

Teachers / educators: FunTrivia welcomes the use of our website and quizzes in the classroom as a teaching aid or for preparing and testing students. See our education section. Our quizzes are printable and may be used as question sheets by k-12 teachers, parents, and home schoolers.

 ·  All questions, answers, and quiz content on this website is copyright FunTrivia, Inc and may not be reproduced without permission. Any images from TV shows and movies are copyright their studios, and are being used under "fair use" for commentary and education.