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Serbia History Trivia

Serbia History Trivia Quizzes

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3 Serbia History quizzes and 55 Serbia History trivia questions.
1.
  Serb Cultural History    
Multiple Choice
 20 Qns
In the fifteen hundred years of their often turbulent history, the Serbs have made a significant contribution to the world's artistic, cultural, technological and scientific heritage. See what you know about it!
Tough, 20 Qns, St Sava Jr., Mar 06 13
Tough
St Sava Jr.
1096 plays
2.
  Serbia - East of West and West of East   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 25 Qns
Conquered and liberated many times, center of the "Piedmont" of South Slav integration into Yugoslavia, Serbia strove for its freedom and statehood for a thousand years. Find out what you really know about these facts from its turbulent past!
Tough, 25 Qns, St Sava Jr., Apr 25 12
Tough
St Sava Jr.
1387 plays
3.
  Medieval Serbian History    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Questions about the Nemanjic dinasty, which ruled Serbia from 1166-1371.
Tough, 10 Qns, Gioseppe, Apr 14 08
Tough
Gioseppe
580 plays
trivia question Quick Question
The most influential group of writers in Serbia between World Wars I and II belonged to ...?

From Quiz "Serb Cultural History"




Related Topics
  Serbia [Geography] (4 quizzes)

  Serbian Language [World] (4 quizzes)


Serbia History Trivia Questions

1. During their migration to Balkans in 6th-7th centuries A.D., Serbs worshipped a pagan cellestial God. What was his name?

From Quiz
Serb Cultural History

Answer: Svetovid

At the time of their settlement in Balkans, during 6th and 7th centuries AD, the Serbs were polytheistic pagans, as were other Slavs, too, at that time. Svetovid is the Supreme deity of the Slavic Pantheon of Gods. He is the God of War, Fate and Fertility. ** Perun is the God of the Storm and of Thunder. * Dajbog ('God who gives') is the God of the Sun and the Harvest and Plentitude, and is also the inventor of calendar. * Vesna is the Goddess of Spring.

2. When did Serbs first settle in the regions of the Central-Western Balkans?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: 6th and 7th century A.D.

Serb, as well as Croat tribes, inhabited western portions of Byzantine Empire during 6th and 7th century AD, together with other South Slavic peoples and tribes. They were accompanied by Turkish tribe of Avars.

3. Rastko Nemanjic, also known as St. Sava, was an important lawgiver in the 13th century. What was the name of a code he wrote in Thessaloniki in 1220?

From Quiz Medieval Serbian History

Answer: Nomocanon

Nomocanon was heavily influenced by Byzantine church law, especially by the so-called Iustinianus Codex (Justinian II Rhinotmetus).

4. The Cyrillic alphabet, used today in Serbia, was invented by St. Cyril (Constantine) and St. Methodius in the 9th century AD. On which older alphabet was it based?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Greek

The Cyrillic alphabet, derived from Greek uncial lettres, also became the national script of the Bulgarians, Russians, Belorussians and Ukrainians. Serbo-Croatian language is written in Cyrillic by the Greek Orthodox Serbs and in the Latin alphabet by the Roman Catholic Croats. * Two Hebrew letters, tzade and shin, were adopted in the Cyrillic letters for the sounds ch and sh.

5. What Byzantine Emperor and historian mentioned Serbs for the first time in history?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: Constantine Porfirogenitus

Roman Emperor Constantine Porfirogenitus, himself a knowledgeable historian, first mentioned Serbs and Croats in his work 'De administrando imperio' (About Administering the Empire), and delimited their respective areas like this: east of River Cetina (in Dalmatia) and east of river Piva (today in western Bosnia) live Serbs, while west of this line live Croats. ** The others listed are also Byzantine emperors.

6. Who succeded Stefan Prvovencani, the first crowned Serbian king (reigned 1196-1228)?

From Quiz Medieval Serbian History

Answer: Radoslav

Radoslav (reigned 1228-1234), the son of Stefan Prvovencani, finished the construction of Studenica monestery. He was under the influence of Byzantian Emperor Theodorus Angelos Duca Komnenus, the ruler of Epirus. He was succeeded by his brother Vladislav (reigned 1234-1243).

7. Serbian literature developed from the 12th century. The most famous book of those times was known as ...?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Miroslav Gospel

The beautifully illuminated Gospel of Duke Miroslav showed unique Serbian, but also Italian and Byzantine cultural influences. Serbian literature developed from the 12th century, mostly as religious literature, producing biblical stories and hagiographies. After the Turkish occupation of Serbia in 1459, literature declined. ** St. Sava' Nomocanon was set of religious laws written by the first Serbian Patriarch, St. Sava. * The Charter of Ban Kulin is the charter of commercial privileges granted to Dubrovnik by ruler of Bosnia, Ban Kulin.

8. Serbs were Christianized by the Byzantine Orthodox Church. What were the names of the Greek brothers that translated the Bible from Greek into Old Church Slavonic and devised special Cyrillic letters for that purpose?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: Cyril and Methodius

Cyril (827-869)and Methodius (825-884, Greek brothers from Thessalonica, christianized the southern Slavs and strongly influenced the cultural development of all Slavic peoples. Both were outstanding scholars, theologians, and linguists. In 863, they started their work among the Slavs, using Slavonic language in the liturgy. They translated the Holy Scriptures into the language later known as Old Church Slavonic and invented a Slavic Alphabet based on Greek capital letters, that became the Cyrillic alphabet today used in Serbia, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Russia. ** St Franciscus and St Dominic are Catholic saints. Cirrius and Damaskus is just made up.

9. In 1349 he promulgated a famous law code containing more than 200 statutes, regulating relations between the classes, and criminal law, and for the first time protected all the citizens on the basis of law. What was his name?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Stefan Dusan

Emperor Dusan (reigned 1331-55) introduced the Byzantine system of titles and ranks, and the imperial chancellery was organized on the Byzantine model, as was the uniform organization of local authorities. In the Diets of 1349 and 1354 he promulgated a code containing 201 statutes. The code covered mainly criminal law, the relations between the classes and between the state and mighty feudal landlords. The law was not based on priniples of equality, but on feudal class positions. However it represented a huge improvement for the pesants of feudal society by protecting them from the hitherto unlimited powers of their landlords. Emperor Dusan's law code, which remained in use until the end of the medieval Serbian state, is a valuable source for the study of medieval society. ** The Canon of Leka Dukadjini is Albanian feudal law, dating from 16th century.

10. What was the name of the first Serbian king?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: Stefan Prvovencani

In 1169 Stefan Nemanja became Great zupan of Raska. His son Stefan Prvovencani ('the first-crowned') was the man who layed foundation of Serbian medieval state. He was granted the title of king of Raska by Pope Honorius III in 1217. ** Zupans were regional political and religious leaders. Zupan Vlastimir first acknowledged the suzerainty of the Byzantine Empire, thus opening the Serb lands for conversion to Eastern Orthodox Christianity; the zupan Mutimir was converted about 879.

11. Well known in Serbian history as a great church benefactor, this king built over fourty monasteries and churches. His greatest achievements were Gracanica and Banjska. Who was this mysterious king?

From Quiz Medieval Serbian History

Answer: Milutin

Milutin (reigned 1281-1321) was married five times. One of his wives was the Byzantine Princess Simonida, who was only six years old when he married her. (Obviously, it was a political marriage).

12. "The White Angel", a masterpiece of Serbian medieval fresco painting, can be found on the walls of a monastery. Which one?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Mileseva

Mileseva Monastery was built by King Vladislav between 1234 and 1242 near town of Prijepolje. The White Angel of Mileseva, showing the angel on the grave of Christ, overhelms spectator with its beauty. ** The other places listed are also monasteries with very fine frescos. Studenica (built between 1183 and 1196), built by Zupan Stefan Nemanja, is where the first frescoes were painted. Zica (1208/1220) built by king Stefan Prvovencani. Ravanica (1381) was built by Duke Lazar, who died in the Battle of Kosovo (1389).

13. Who obtained independent status of Serbian Orthodox Church?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: Sava

Stefan Nemanja's younger son, Rastko, later canonized as St. Sava, became (1219) the first archbishop of a newly autonomous Serbian Orthodox Church. ** Milutin and Dragutin, sons of Stefan Uros I, were also Serbian kings. Crippled by a fall from his horse, King Dragutin was forced to give up the throne to his younger brother and political rival Milutin. Dragutin then retired to Bosnia with his wife, where he embraced Catholicism. He invited the Pope to send him a mission of Franciscans that he might convert the Orthodox and heretic Bogomils. The harshness of the ensuing Catholic persecutions are given as a major factor in the Bosnians subsequent embrace of Islam. ** Makarius is just made up.

14. Stefan Decanski had an intimidating reputation as a fearless warrior. His most famous military achievement was a overwhelming victory at Velbuzd in 1330. Whom did he fight?

From Quiz Medieval Serbian History

Answer: Bulgarians

Stefan Decanski (reigned 1321-1331) founded the monastery of Visoki Decani on the sacred soil of Kosovo. The monastery is famous for it frescoes, among other thingss.

15. What was the first printed book (1494) among the Serbs?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Oktoih (Book of Psalms)

Oktoih (Book of Psalms), was printed in the printing press of landlord Djuradj Crnojevic in 1494, by monk Makarius. According to tradition, the printing press was in Obod, Cetinje, Montenegro, but no historical source confirms this. The printing press, bought in Venice and in operation between 1493 and 1496, was the first in southeastern Europe. Five books, printed in Cyrillic letters, are still preserved, and they are the first books printed in Cyrillic among South Slavs. In the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Oktoih is a book of liturgical hymns for singing, in eight parts.

16. He unsuccessfully rebelled against his father, but was later dethroned by his own son. His name was...?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: Stefan Decanski

Serbian king Stefan Uros III Decanski (ruled 1321-1331). His father, king Milutin, gave him the city of Zeta to govern, but Decanski joined the rebellion of Zeta's nobility against the crown in 1314. Defeated and partially blinded, Decanski was exiled for seven years to Constantinople, where he lived under the protection of Andronicus II. Before his death, Milutin allowed his son to return. Decanski fended off his family rivals and assumed the throne. He married first a daughter of the Bulgarian Tzar Smilac, and then a noble lady of the Byzantine Palaiologos family. Cruel irony dictated that Decanski put his young son, Stefan Dusan, in command of Zeta, from where he rebelled against his father. Dusan though, succeeded where his father had failed and usurped the throne for himself. ** The monastery he built, Visoki Decani, is a beautiful example of the combination of Serbo-Byzantine church architecture and Italian early Rennaissance architecture. Situated in foothills of Prokletije mountains, (today close to the border of the Serbian province of Kosovo and neighboring Albania) it was a center of religious and spiritual life for centuries to come.

17. What is the name of the famous astronomer and mathematician from Dubrovnik, who is also the author of "The Theory of Natural Philosophy"?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Rudjer Boskovic

Rodger Joseph Boscovich (Rudjer Josif Boskovic, as he signed himself, or Ruggiero Giuseppe Boscovich, in Italian) was born in Dubrovnik in 1711 and died in Milan 1787. His father, Nikola Boskovic, a wealthy Serb trader from the nearby town of Trebinje, married a Ragusan girl of Italian origin, Pavica Betere, and moved to Dubrovnik where he converted from Orthodoxy to Catholicism in order continue in commerce. Rudjer went to Jesuit schools in Dubrovnik, and later studied in Italy. He made valuable scientific contributions in the field of the movement of planetary bodies. His main work was "Theoria philosophiae naturalis" ("The Theory of Natural Philosophy"). Werner Heisenberg (winner of the Nobel prize for physics in 1932) wrote of his work: ' "Theoria philosophiae naturalis" put forward hypotheses which were confirmed only in the course of last fifty years'. He was a member of the Royal Society of London, a member of St.Petersburg Academy, a "membre correspondant" of the French Academie Royale des Sciences, and an honorary professor of many European universities. Very delicate work on repairing the cupola of St. Peter's church in Vatican was entrusted to Boskovic. ** Marin Getaldic was also a Ragusan physicsist and mathematician of the 16-17th centuries. Franciscus Bosniensis is a medieval composer from Bosnia. Giordano Bruno was Italian astronomer.

18. The first part of Stefan Dusan's law code was proclaimed in the state assembly in 1349. In which city did the assembly take place?

From Quiz Medieval Serbian History

Answer: Skopje

The second part of the law code followed in 1354. The code had considerable influence on medieval European law codifications.

19. The title of the first book written in modern Serbian was: 'The Life and the Adventures of Dimitrije Obradovic'. What name was he given as a monk?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Dositej

Dositej Obradovic (1742-1811) is the most important Serbian representative of the Enlightenment period. He was a philosopher, writer and linguist, whose writings greatly influenced Serbian literary development. He was, along with Vuk Karadzic, one of two founders of modern Serbian culture. Dositej was the author of a large number of works written in Serbian and other languages, and he established cultural and educational links between the Balkans and Central and Western Europe, creating a basis for the modern Serbian literature.

20. Stefan Dusan was crowned 1346 in the monestary of St. Archangel Michael in Prizren. His title was 'Emperor of all Serbs' and who else?

From Quiz Medieval Serbian History

Answer: Greeks

Stefan Dusan conquered much of the Byzantine teritory and was preparing himself for a campaign against a forthcoming threat he saw in the Ottoman Turkish Empire.

21. Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic was a language reformer who created one of the simplest and most logical spelling systems in the world. The motto of the reform was:

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Write as you speak, speak as you write

Vuk Karadzic found that Serbian spoken language contained 30 distinct sounds (phonemes). For six of these, the Cyrillic alphabet had no letters. He introduced new letters for those sounds, at the same time discarded 18 letters for which Serbian had no use. In 1818 he published his "Srpski rjecnik" ("Serbian Lexicon"), a Serbian-German-Latin dictionary containing 26,270 words and many important sidelights on folklore. Though there was strong opposition to his reform from the church and from writers, the Serbian government in 1868 finally adopted Karadzic's amended alphabet. Karadzic's work also influenced some 19th-century Croatian language codifiers.

22. Remembered as a ruler incapable of ruling a great empire, this ruler is the last Nemanjic. What was his name?

From Quiz Medieval Serbian History

Answer: Uros Nejaki

During the reign of Uros Nejaki (1355-1371) the Sebian Empire was divided into several weak states which were unable to resist the Ottoman invasion. Serbia finally fell under Ottoman rule in 1459.

23. 'One who briefly stands on hill, sees more than other in foothills for life long', wrote a 19th century poet who was also a religious and political leader. His name was ...?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Petar Petrovic Njegos

Petar Petrovic Njegos (1813-1851) was the Vladika (prince and bishop) of Montenegro (1830-1851). He was considered an enlightened ruler and a brave warrior. But he is most famous as a poet. His principal works were the philosophical poem "The Ray of the Microcosm," the historical work "The False Tsar Stephen the Small," and especially his epic poem "The Mountain Garland". Written in the ten-syllabic Serb epic tradition, this last formulates the essential Serbian ethos in a highly condensed, aesthetic way. ** Educated, illustrious and liberal, Prince Mihailo Obrenovic was also committed to modernizing and developing Serbia by adopting a more democratic constitution. He founded the national theater in Belgrade in 1868. * Nikolaj Velimirovic was a 20th century priest, essayist and religious philosopher. * Sima Milutinovic - Sarajlija was a Serbian poet from Sarajevo, and Njegos' teacher.

24. Who headed mass exodus of Serbs from Serbia to Hungary in 1689?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: Arsenije III Carnojevic

In hope of liberation, Serbs joined Austrian forces under general Prince Eugene of Savoy in their war against Turkey. Having lost the war, vast masses of Serbs fled from Serbia proper in 1689 from Turkish reprisals, and settled mostly in what was then southern Hungary, today autonomous region of Vojvodina. ** Skenderbey (also known as Skanderbeg) was Albanian national hero leading the struggle against Ottoman Turkey. His mother was a Serbian princess. Marko Kraljevic is a Serbian landowner from Macedonia, the legendary hero of struggle against the Turks.

25. The first successful uprising against Turkish occupation was headed by Djordje Petrovic, known as Karadjordje (Black George). The uprising begun on February 14th, 1804 (soon will be bicentenial). Where?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: Orasac

It was the first uprising of Balkan Christians against Turkey that on religious basis deprived them of very basic human and economic rights. Soon Greeks followed, and then Bulgarians and Romanians. In period 1804-1813, Karadjordje managed to free big areas of central Serbia. Threatened by Napoleonic invasion in 1812, Russian Tsar Alexander I concluded a treaty with the Turks, so the withdrawal of Russia left the Serbs open to Ottoman reprisals. When the uprising was crashed in 1813 by superior Ottoman armies, and Karadjordje fled to Hungary.

26. The most influential group of writers in Serbia between World Wars I and II belonged to ...?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: The Belgrade Surrealist Group

Oskar Davico, Milan Dedinac, Djordje Jovanovic, Marko Ristic and Koca Popovic were prominent members of the influential group of artists called The Belgrade Surrealist group. Serbian writers of the interwar period continued to follow major European literary movements. The influential Belgrade Surrealist group introduced a note of radical, left-wing politics into literature, and some of its members later turned to the style of Socialist Realism. The "Surrealist Manifesto" appeared the liteary alamach "Nemoguce" ("Impossible") in 1930.

27. Concluded by the governments of Serbia, Romania, Montenegro, and Greece and a Bulgarian revolutionary society, this pact tried to drive the Turks from the Balkans and to unite the South Slavs in a single state. The name of this pact was the ...?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: Balkan League

The league planned a coordinated war against the Turks, but the assassination of Prince Michael Obrenovic (June 10, 1868) derailed the plans and destroyed the league. Educated and illustrious, Prince Mihailo Obrenovic also committed to modernizing and developing Serbia by adopting a more democratic constitution. He founded the national theater in Belgrade in 1868. He was a liberal monarch. However he was killed by unknown assassin on June 10th, 1868.

28. King Alexander Obrenovic was assassinated in 1903 and in his place came king Petar I Karadjordjevic, Karadjordje's grandson. Alexander's wife, a woman widely dispised for her behaviour, was also killed in the coup. What was her name?

From Quiz Serbia - East of West and West of East

Answer: Draga Masin

Contemporary sources indicate that both Austria-Hungary and Russia were deeply dissatisfied with the rule of the irresponsible Alexander, so they favoured the change of dynasty. After the assasination in 1903, Peter I Karadjordjevic became king; he reigned as king of Serbia from 1903 to 1918 and then as king of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes until his death in 1921. ** Cvijeta Zuzoric was rich patron of the arts in Rennaissance Dubrovnik. Kneginja Milica was Duke Milos's wife, a woman respected by the people. Cucuk Stana was wife of Hajduk Veljko, Serbian national hero during wars of independence against Turkey. She was also very popular.

29. An astronomical theory of periodic climatic change of Earth was put forward by ...?

From Quiz Serb Cultural History

Answer: Milutin Milankovich

The astronomical theory of climatic change was developed in 1920 by the Serbian scientist Milutin Milankovitch (1879-1958). The theory also explained climatic fluctuations of Pleistocene times. The theory is based on the fact that the orbit of the Earth around the Sun varies in three ways (precession, nutation). All of the variations are small, but, especially when they reinforce one another, they are sufficient to cause significant redistributions of solar heating between latitude belts or hemispheres. Various astronomical features in the Solar System are named after Milankovich. ** Tsiolkovsky - a Russian research scientist in aeronautics and astronautics who pioneered rocket and space research and the development and use of wind tunnels for aerodynamic studies. He was also among the first to work out the theoretical problems of rocket travel in space. Mendeleyev was a Russian scientist that formulated the periodic law of elements. Giordano Bruno was an Italian philosopher, astronomer and mathematician.

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