Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. When did Serbs first settle in the regions of the Central-Western Balkans?
2. What Byzantine Emperor and historian mentioned Serbs for the first time in history?
3. Serbs were Christianized by the Byzantine Orthodox Church. What were the names of the Greek brothers that translated the Bible from Greek into Old Church Slavonic and devised special Cyrillic letters for that purpose?
4. What was the name of the first Serbian king?
5. Who obtained independent status of Serbian Orthodox Church?
6. He unsuccessfully rebelled against his father, but was later dethroned by his own son. His name was...?
7. He conquered almost all of present-day Greece, the whole of Albania and great portions of Bulgaria, and wishing to replace the Byzantine imperial throne, he adopted the title of emperor at his coronation in Skopje in 1346 and title of "Emperor and Autocrat of the Serbs, Greeks, Bulgarians, and Albanians". What was his name?
8. A bloody battle that the Serbs fought with Turks 1389 (at Kosovo) in effect made Serbia a Turkish vassal state, but provided for another half a century of quasi-independent status. Both monarchs, the Serbian king and Turkish Sultan, died on the battlefield. Their names were ...?
9. The last king of vassal Serbia prior to Ottoman Turks final conquest of Serbia in 1455, was very educated and enlightened man of his time, himself a poet and writer who played a key role in the cultural renewal of Serbia, echoing the Rennaissance in Italy. His name was ...?
10. Serbia was under harsh Ottoman occupation for almost four centuries, and Christian Serbs were strongly and systematically discriminated against. However, they managed to keep their religious autonomy. Where was the seat of Serbian Patriarch during Ottoman occupation?
11. Who headed mass exodus of Serbs from Serbia to Hungary in 1689?
12. The first successful uprising against Turkish occupation was headed by Djordje Petrovic, known as Karadjordje (Black George). The uprising begun on February 14th, 1804 (soon will be bicentenial). Where?
13. The second uprising of the Serbs against Turkish occupation, which de facto freed large areas of Serbia, was headed by Milos Obrenovic in April 1815. However, Milos had Karadjordje killed and his head taken to Istanbul as a sign of his loyalty to Turkey.
14. Concluded by the governments of Serbia, Romania, Montenegro, and Greece and a Bulgarian revolutionary society, this pact tried to drive the Turks from the Balkans and to unite the South Slavs in a single state. The name of this pact was the ...?
15. Serbia became formally an independent country at the Congress of Berlin in 1878. However, this congress laid the foundation for further conflict in the Balkans. This was because it ...
16. King Alexander Obrenovic was assassinated in 1903 and in his place came king Petar I Karadjordjevic, Karadjordje's grandson. Alexander's wife, a woman widely dispised for her behaviour, was also killed in the coup. What was her name?
17. The first Balkan war was fought between Balkan allies and Turkey, for the liberation of still occupied respective national territories. Who were the allies?
18. The second Balkan War was fought for the partition of what is today Macedonia. Who were the allies against whom?
19. The Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed on 28th June, 1914. in Sarajevo by a Serb patriot Gavrilo Princip, in a protest against anexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary and against his preparations for military attack on Serbia. Princip was a member of clandestine political organization named what?
20. Serbian army heavily defeated invading Austrian-Hungarian army in 1914-15 in two major battles. Name them.
21. A War cabinet meeting in Nis declared in 1915 that the ultimate war goal of Serbia was:
22. Attacked simultaneously by Germany from the north, Austria-Hungary from the west and Bulgaria from the east, the Serb army, government and people refused to surrender and instead retreated through harsh Albanian mountains were many perished because from hunger, cold and Albanian fire. Approximately how many lives were lost during this retreat?
23. The break-through of Serbian army through the Central Powers' Thessaloniki frontlines, caused the quick collapse of southern front and the capitulation of Austria-Hungary, effectively ending WWI. When was this break-through?
24. Roughly what part of its male population did Serbia lose during WWI?
25. When was the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes created?
Source: Author St Sava Jr.
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