19. Two major naval engagements occurred during the War. Where did these battles take place?
From Quiz The Spanish-American War
Answer: Manila Bay and Santiago Harbor
On May 1, 1898, Commodore George Dewey aboard his flagship Olympia engaged the Spanish fleet. Dewey commanded four protected cruisers (including his flagship), two gunboats, and one revenue cutter, supply ship, and collier. His squadron sank three enemy ships by gunfire, burned another eight vessels, and captured two ships along with a variety of launches.
On the morning of July 3, 1898, the Spanish squadron - under the command of Admiral Cervera - attempted to leave Santiago Harbor. Although Admiral Sampson of the U.S. Navy was the commanding officer, he was absent from battle. Instead, Rear-admiral Winfield Scott Schley was the senior U.S. Naval officer on station. The U.S. squadron included four battleships, one armored cruiser, and two armed yachts. By contrast, the Spanish squadron consisted of four armored cruisers and two torpedo boat destroyers. Schley's squadron sank two ships, while the Spanish commanders grounded the remaining damaged vessels in their fleet to avoid sinking.