Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. In 1912, an amateur British archaeologist named Charles Dawson claimed to have discovered fossilized pieces of a skull that represented the much sought after "missing link" between ape and man. This find, which was eventually proven to be a fake in 1953, went by what name?
2. The Order of the Solar Temple was an esoteric sect that purported to offer initiates access to profound spiritual truths. Instead, initiates found deception and death, as the Order became infamous for the murder and suicide of 53 members in 1994. In their initiation ceremonies, what unusual method was used to create the illusion of "spiritual" phenomena such as apparitions of the spirits of the "Masters of the White Brotherhood" and the Holy Grail?
3. In 1903, inspired by the discovery of X-rays only a few years earlier, French physicist Prosper-René Blondlot was excited to announce the discovery of a new form of radiation that turned out to have the unfortunate property of not existing. What did he call this amazing find?
4. In the 1920s, a mental patient in Berlin who later went by the name of Anna Anderson attracted international attention amidst claims that she was actually what Russian princess who had supposedly been executed by the Bolsheviks?
5. The idea that the world would end on December 21, 2012 was propagated by New Age books and websites for years prior to this date. This belief was based on a supposed prophecy deriving from the calendar of what ancient culture?
6. In 1951, Kilton Stewart, an anthropologist and psychotherapist, published a paper called "Dream Theory in Malaya" in which he made extraordinary claims that an aboriginal tribe in Malaysia had developed a method of dream control that allowed them to have superior mental and physical health, as well as to create a remarkably harmonious society based on daily dream sharing. What is the name of this tribe?
7. Although sightings of the fabled Loch Ness Monster have been reported for centuries, Colonel Robert Wilson claimed to have taken a sensational picture of the creature's head and neck in 1934 that was published in a major British newspaper. Arguably the most famous image of the creature, the picture is known by what name?
8. Sometimes scientific fraud might only end up being a nuisance for specialists in a given field, but in other cases it can do tremendous harm to society. One such case occurred in 1998, when Andrew Wakefield and his colleagues published a paper that was subsequently found to be based on faked data that purported to find a link between the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and what neurological condition in children?
9. Back in the eighteenth century, well before the days of machines like "Deep Blue, Wolfgang von Kempelen built a mechanical marvel that appeared to be an automaton that could play chess that was known by what name?
10. Sometimes hoaxes can start out as harmless pranks and then take on a life of their own. H.L. Mencken, a noted American journalist, found this out after publishing "A Neglected Anniversary" in 1917, which was a completely bogus history celebrating the supposed 75th anniversary of the invention of what modern household item?
Source: Author agentofchaos
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