Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Born into an upper-class family, this woman had grown quite bored and frustrated with her society's insistence that ladies remain unemployed and idle. However, she felt called by God to enter the profession of nursing and did just that, despite her family's harsh criticism. She became superintendent of a clinic in 1853, and by the end of her life, had modernized and professionalized the field of nursing.
Who is this individual whose heroic efforts to tend the wounded during the Crimean War led to her sobriquet, The Lady with the Lamp?
2. An effect, a constant, a paradox, a wave, a cup, a cage, a wheel, a rotator, and an SI unit for measuring capacitance are all named in honor of a scientist who had little formal education, whose mathematical ability was limited to basic algebra, and who suffered a debilitating mental breakdown during his late forties.
Who was this nineteenth-century British physicist, chemist, and experimentalist whose studies of electricity, electromagnetism, and electrochemisty ushered in the developing world's reliance on electric motors as well as its utilization of electricity as a primary source of power?
3. This Prussian statesman unified and industrialized Germany and introduced the world's most advanced social welfare system of his time. However, his approach to governing through Realpolitik led him to flout German law, militarize his society, jail his adversaries, and censor the press. Many give partial credit to the secret alliances he made for the advent of World War I.
Who is this larger-than-life figure who became known as the Iron Chancellor after his "blood and iron" speech and who dominated Europe for the second half of the nineteenth century?
4. After marrying the King of Aragon, she was in position to begin the unification of Spain when she became Queen of Castille in 1474. She used her power to fend off Portugal's claim to her throne, reorganize her inherited government, pay off her half-brother Henry IV's exorbitant debts, complete the Reconquista of Spain, and expel Muslims and Jews who wouldn't convert to Catholicism.
Who was this "Servant of God" and Catholic Monarch whose faith led her not only to commission the Spanish Inquisition but also to support an Italian navigator who would open up the New World for Spain, which became the earth's first global power?
5. Relying on both his dogged determination and his patience, this son of a warrior from Satsuma wrenched control of Japan from the feudal lords and shogunate and led his nation toward a centralized government and an industrial world player.
Who was this nineteenth-century samurai and statesman who threw his support behind the Meiji emperor and, as Lord of the Home Ministry, instigated the modernization of Japan by developing its infrastructure, forging a national army, and supporting an industrial economy? (You might find the beginning of his name copacetic).
6. Born in the Basque Country of Spain, this individual began his career at seventeen as a soldier seeking the glory he'd encountered in the stories of El Cid, Charlemagne's nephew Roland, and the knights of King Arthur. However, while recuperating from being hit by a cannonball, he decided to pursue a life devoted to Christ instead.
Who is this man who eventually founded the largest single Catholic religious order, one focused on knowledge and mission work and known as the Society of Jesus or the Jesuits?
7. When someone asked Helmuth von Moltke, one of Prussia's most intelligent generals, what he considered the most influential books, he listed Homer's works, the Bible, and a book that was, at that time, a most obscure one--"On War". Not only did this book influence Germany during its military expansion prior to World War I, but it also had an impact on so many others, such as Lenin, Karl Marx, Mao Zedong, Wellington, Eisenhower, Patton, and Henry Kissinger.
Who was this Prussian soldier, military strategist, and philosopher who survived the Napoleonic battles of Jena, Borodino, and Waterloo, and famously wrote, "War is the continuation of politics by other means"?
8. He claimed he hated war, declaring, "It is all hell". Nevertheless, many celebrate him today for his remarkable command of military strategy while many others criticize, if not outright detest him, for his policies of "total war" that left a "scorched earth" wherever his armies marched.
Who is this general of the American Civil War whose captures of Atlanta and Savannah not only helped persuade the rebellious Confederacy that its continued efforts were pointless but also contributed to the re-election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States?
9. This individual wrote 366 sonnets concerning his undying and unrequited love for the mysterious Laura. Not only were many poets all over Europe inspired if not compelled to write their own sonnets and sonnet sequences, but this scholar's symbolic struggle to achieve the unattainable divine while existing in the physical world had an even greater impact.
Who was this fourteenth-century scholar and poet who is often considered the founder of humanism and whose rediscovery of Cicero's forgotten letters ushered in the Renaissance
10. One of the sharpest minds of the nineteenth century, he was a pioneer in the realm of physics who specialized in thermodynamics and helped express the law of of the conservation of energy, contributed to our understanding of electricity and hydrodynamics, and was perceived as an authority on underwater telegraphy and maritime compasses.
Who was this Scots-Irish mathematical physicist and engineer who was knighted and ennobled and is honored by a thermometer and a unit of temperature measurement that share his name?
Source: Author alaspooryoric
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