1. Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920) was a self-taught mathematical genius from India, who died at age 32. Which famous English mathematician nurtured Ramanujan and collaborated with him when he moved to England?

*From Quiz **What If: Scientists Who Died Too Young*
Answer:

**G. H. Hardy**
Ramanujan showed an early aptitude in mathematics, but failed to achieve a university degree in India due to his disinterest in other subjects. He was employed as a clerk in Madras, but gained a reputation in Indian mathematical circles. At their suggestion he sent drafts of his work to famous British mathematicians. Most rejected the papers as typical amateur mistakes, but G.H Hardy recognized the genius in these papers and invited him to England.
Ramanujan left for England at age 26 and worked with Hardy for five years. He struggled with many of the aspects of his new home, cultural differences, weather, and food. He returned to India and died shortly thereafter from a disease thought to be related to earlier bouts of dysentery.
Though he had almost no formal training in pure mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions, including solutions to mathematical problems then considered unsolvable. Many of his ideas have generated avenues of research for nearly a century.
One of his famous results was his answer to Hardy, who rode in a taxicab numbered 1729, and commented what a boring number that 1729 was. Ramanujan replied that it was not, and 1729 was the smallest number that was the sum of two different pairs of cubes (1 cubed + 12 cubed and 9 cubed + 10 cubed).