Quiz about Best of the Best  More Scientists
Quiz about Best of the Best  More Scientists

Best of the Best: More Scientists Quiz


From the clues given, can you identify these scientists, considered to be among the greatest the world has ever known?
This is a renovated/adopted version of an old quiz by author tenor1az

A multiple-choice quiz by ponycargirl. Estimated time: 3 mins.
  1. Home
  2. »
  3. Quizzes
  4. »
  5. People Trivia
  6. »
  7. Scientists & Inventors
  8. »
  9. Scientists

Author
ponycargirl
Time
3 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
6,317
Updated
Aug 21 22
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Easy
Avg Score
9 / 10
Plays
323
Awards
Top 10% Quiz
Last 3 plays: rooby2s (7/10), Guest 104 (9/10), marianjoy (8/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. Which of the following paleoanthropologists married into a family of well-known hominid fossil hunters? Hint

Annie Jump Cannon
Mary Leakey
Florence Sabin
Lise Meitner

2. Which of the following scientists is famous for inventing the calculating machine known as the Difference Engine? Hint

Chritiaan Huygens
John Wallis
Morris Kline
Charles Babbage

3. Who authored a paper with Francis Crick in 1953 that proposed the double helix structure of a DNA molecule? Hint

James Watson
Frederick Sanger
Otto Robert Frisch
David Hilbert

4. Who is reported to have said, "The scale, properly speaking, does not permit the measure of the intelligence, because intellectual qualities are not superposable, and therefore cannot be measured as linear surfaces are measured"? He invented the first usable IQ test. Hint

Jean Piaget
Carl Jung
Lewish Terman
Alfred Binet

5. She had Nobel laureate parents, a physicist daughter, and, along with her husband, demonstrated the creation of induced radioactivity. What was her first name? Hint

Caroline
Judith
Julia
Irene

6. Who is famous for her work with NASA regarding orbital mechanics? Hint

Maria Telkes
Mary Somerville
Katherine Johnson
Lydia White Shattuck

7. Who is known for his germ theory of disease? Hint

Gerald Edelman
Sir Macfarlane Burnet
Louis Pasteur
Linus Pauling

8. Which of the following astronomers also won a Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction in 1978? Hint

William Herschel
Neil deGrasse Tyson
Carl Sagan
Edwin Hubble

9. Which of the following can best be described as an agricultural scientist? Hint

George Washington Carver
Roger Parson
Georges Charpak
Albert Einstein

10. Which oceanographer won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival in 1956 for his documentary, "The Silent World"? Hint

Robert Ballard
Sylvia Earle
Jacques Cousteau
Charles Wilkes


(Optional) Create a Free FunTrivia ID to save the points you are about to earn:

arrow Select a User ID:
arrow Choose a Password:
arrow Your Email:




Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Which of the following paleoanthropologists married into a family of well-known hominid fossil hunters?

Answer: Mary Leakey

Mary Leakey was the wife of Louis Leakey and the mother of Richard. She met the famous Louis when he needed an illustrator for one of his books, and they married soon after. Together they had a family and hunted for the fossil remains of early humans, or hominids, at the Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania, and other sites in East Africa.

After Louis died, Mary continued their work. In 1976 she made perhaps her most famous discovery: 3.6 million year old fossilized hominid footprints at a site called Laetoli.

At the time the footprints provided the oldest evidence of upright walking in early humans.
2. Which of the following scientists is famous for inventing the calculating machine known as the Difference Engine?

Answer: Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage had many talents; he was a a founder of the Royal Astronomical Society and the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge. He formulated the Babbage principle, a division of labor used in manufacturing, and wrote about a variety of topics, including politics and religion.

He is, however, best known for his invention of the Difference Engine, which was described as a mechanical calculator. Although he died before putting his design into practical use, others have been able to read his plans and assemble a working machine.
3. Who authored a paper with Francis Crick in 1953 that proposed the double helix structure of a DNA molecule?

Answer: James Watson

A geneticist, zoologist, and molecular biologist, James Watson and his associates are credited with a discovery that is considered to be a major turning point in the history of science. Their discovery of the double helix structure of a DNA molecule led to a better understanding of genetics in both plants, which can be bred and grown with better traits to increase crop yields, and animals, to help better understand the nature of some diseases and genetic disorders. Watson, Crick, and Maurice Wilkins shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962.
4. Who is reported to have said, "The scale, properly speaking, does not permit the measure of the intelligence, because intellectual qualities are not superposable, and therefore cannot be measured as linear surfaces are measured"? He invented the first usable IQ test.

Answer: Alfred Binet

Although Alfred Binet did not plan to become a psychologist, he become interested in developmental psychology and invented what is considered to be the first IQ test in 1905. The test was established to ascertain the person's mental age, which was divided by their chronological age, and then multiplied by 100; the purpose of the test was to discover which students might need extra help with their schoolwork. Binet worked with a collaborator, Theodore Simon, and, at the time, the test was called the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale.

A few years later the test was modified by an American psychologist and became known as the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale.
5. She had Nobel laureate parents, a physicist daughter, and, along with her husband, demonstrated the creation of induced radioactivity. What was her first name?

Answer: Irene

Irene Curie was the daughter of the famous Marie and Pierre Curie, the first married couple to win the Nobel Prize; it was awarded to them in Physics in 1903. Of course, Irene's famous mother was also the first person to win two Nobel Prizes. Together with her husband, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Irene worked out a way to turn boron into radioactive nitrogen.

They won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1935. Their daughter, Hélène Langevin-Joliot, is a nuclear physicist, and their son, Pierre Adrien Joliot-Curie, is a biologist.
6. Who is famous for her work with NASA regarding orbital mechanics?

Answer: Katherine Johnson

How impressive is this?! Katherine Johnson graduated summa cum laude from West Virginia State College when she was just eighteen years old with degrees in both math and French! She first worked as a teacher, but moved on to a job at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory where she worked as a computer, performing necessary math calculations after reading data from black boxes in airplanes.

In 1953 she began working for NASA, and stayed there for over thirty years until her retirement in 1986. Johnson notably calculated trajectories for both Alan Shepard and John Glenn as they undertook their historic firsts.
7. Who is known for his germ theory of disease?

Answer: Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur is well known in many fields of science as a chemist and microbiologist, making famous discoveries related to vaccinations and pasteurization. He is also considered to be one of the Fathers of the Germ Theory of Disease. It had taken a long time for people to be able to accept the theory that microorganisms called germs could cause viruses and other diseases or could spread from one infected person to another.

The oldest hypothesis of this theory dates back to ancient India and Greece and had been discussed by educated people for centuries, but it was not proven until Pasteur's experiments.

His method of examining silkworm eggs to determine if they had been infected by the Nosema bombycis organism is still used today.
8. Which of the following astronomers also won a Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction in 1978?

Answer: Carl Sagan

After graduating from high school at the age of sixteen, Sagan began college at the University of Chicago, where he eventually earned a PhD in physics. During his time there he worked for NASA on classified projects along with one of his teachers. It was during his time as the David Duncan Professor of Astronomy and Space Sciences at Cornell where he began writing many of his books; the Pulitzer Prize in 1978 was for his book, "The Dragons of Eden".

He also co-authored "Cosmos: A Personal Voyage", a television series in 1980, which earned two Emmys, a Hugo Award, and a Peabody Award.

He is credited with making science more popular, as he was frequently called "the astronomer of the people".
9. Which of the following can best be described as an agricultural scientist?

Answer: George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver earned his Master's in Science at Iowa Agricultural College and Model Farm, which is known as Iowa State University today. From there he went on to become the first principal and president of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama; he also taught there for over 40 years. Concerned about the overgrowing of cotton and its negative affect on the soil, Carver taught about crop rotation and the planting of alternative crops, especially peanuts.

He is well known for developing products that used not only peanuts, but also soybeans and sweet potatoes. Carver did not, however, invent peanut butter!
10. Which oceanographer won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival in 1956 for his documentary, "The Silent World"?

Answer: Jacques Cousteau

Jacques Cousteau's work with co-inventing the Aqua-Lung and improving scuba gear in the 1940s helped to unlock many of the ocean's secrets later on. He also developed the Calypso Photo Camera, which allowed for underwater photography, and the shark cage, which was used when shooting his now famous documentary, "The Silent World" (1956).

The Palme d'Or, which was awarded for his documentary, is the highest award given at the Cannes Film Festival. His work, as what he called an "oceanographic technician", opened up a new frontier that had been virtually unexplored.
Source: Author ponycargirl

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor gtho4 before going online.
Any errors found in FunTrivia content are routinely corrected through our feedback system.
Most Recent Scores
Jan 25 2023 : rooby2s: 7/10
Jan 25 2023 : Guest 104: 9/10
Jan 24 2023 : marianjoy: 8/10
Jan 20 2023 : Retired2006: 6/10
Jan 18 2023 : Guest 71: 4/10
Jan 09 2023 : Guest 45: 9/10
Jan 07 2023 : frozennugget: 10/10
Jan 05 2023 : Inquizition: 8/10
Jan 05 2023 : cecil1: 7/10

1/29/2023, Copyright 2023 FunTrivia, Inc. - Report an Error / Contact Us