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1. Many schoolchildren know that Alexander Graham Bell was the inventor of the telephone. However, history shows that he might not have been the originator of the concept. Allegedly, Bell stole the design for his contraption from which American inventor, who developed a telephone almost simultaneously?
2. Sir Isaac Newton was indubitably responsible for many major breakthroughs in science, such as the discovery of universal gravitation and the visible light spectrum. However, his "Principia Mathematica" contained a major breakthrough in the field of mathematics, which he named "fluxions", and would revolutionize science in the years to come. Unfortunately for Newton, German mathematician Gottfried Leibniz made the discovery almost simultaneously, and published earlier. What was the discovery these men made, and argued about, for years?
3. The structure of DNA was determined to be a double helix in 1953 by American James Watson and Englishman Francis Crick. Watson and Crick did almost no experimental tests of their own, and in fact, many suspect that Watson appropriated the work of another scientist in discovering DNA's structure. Who was this scientist, whose work with x-ray crystallography was never awarded a Nobel Prize?
4. Charles Babbage is traditionally credited as the inventor of the modern computer with his tinkerings with the Analytical Engine, a hypothetical machine that would use inputs of punch cards in order to program the computer for future tasks. However, he came to be at odds with an inventive female, who is often credited as the first computer programmer. Who was this 19th century female mathematician?
5. Which two chemists, working independently, developed a namesake process for the industrial manufacture of aluminum almost simultaneously?
6. Brazilian Alberto Santos-Dumont was responsible for the invention of a machine in 1906 that some people believe shamed the earlier "invention" of the same contraption by a more famous team, which hadn't been confirmed by eyewitnesses. What was Santos-Dumont's contribution to science and transportation?
7. Which scientist's work in the Amazon River Basin and the Malay Archipelago allowed him to develop his own theories about evolution, and spurred Charles Darwin to publish "The Origin of Species" independently?
8. Elias Howe and Isaac Singer were responsible for the development of a major appliance in many households today. However, their dispute over who was responsible was ugly. What product did these two men work on in the 1840s and 50s?
9. The invention of the humble cotton gin was one of the many factors that led to the American Civil War. Although Eli Whitney is traditionally given credit for the machine, it was actually an associate of his that originated the idea. Who (allegedly) suggested the idea of a cotton gin to Whitney, but according to in-place regulations, was unable to apply for a patent?
10. Arthur Eichengrun and Felix Hoffmann, two Bayer chemists, were involved in a controversy over who was responsible for the discovery of pure acetylsalicylic acid and its medical uses. What chemical was it that they created?
Source: Author adams627
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