Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Who is considered to be the founder of utilitarianism, a movement that advocates that any action should be undertaken with a view to maximise happiness?
2. Which British philosopher, a pupil of Jeremy Bentham, endorsed a 'Greatest Happiness' principle which held, at its core, a hierarchy of pleasures?
3. Which Australian philosopher's book "Animal Liberation" (1975) extended the utilitarian ideal to the human treatment of animals?
4. The author of the work "The Methods of Ethics" (1874) was a utilitarian philosopher who preached that a certain amount of egoism was required to improve the general welfare of society. Who was it?
5. Which French philosopher, author of the "Course in Positive Philosophy" promoted a 'religion of humanity' that could take the place of traditional worship to produce a more cohesive society?
6. Which American consequentialist and political philosopher created the 'utility monster' experiment as a means to prove that the needs of the majority would be forsaken for those of an individual under an average utilitarianism regime?
7. Winner of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, which Indian born economist recognised rule consequentialism but argued that these rules should not be absolute?
8. Which English consequentialist, author of the 1651 book "Leviathan", instructed that hedonism produces an end result that is based on the individual's ego?
9. Which Victorian era English philosopher, author of "Social Statics" (1851), advocated that utilitarian actions were based on evolutionary ethics because their end results were structured toward man's growth and survival?
10. Which French author concluded that Eudaemonist (Happiness) theories were influenced by freedom (existentialism)?
Source: Author pollucci19
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