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Philosophy Trivia Quizzes

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Philosophy is the study of fundamental human problems as the nature of existence, the meaning of knowledge, the nature of right and wrong, and the meaning of life. For most philosophers, the answer to that question is not "42".
67 Philosophy quizzes and 938 Philosophy trivia questions.
  Pseudoscience Basics editor best quiz   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
"Science" isn't so much a thing as a way of thinking. "Pseudoscience" is when people, through ignorance or malice, use a thought process that looks like science, but doesn't have the same rigor. This quiz tells the story of how you make that mistake.
Average, 10 Qns, Correspondguy, Jul 29 14
7171 plays
And Nothing But The Truth
  And Nothing But The Truth   top quiz  
Photo Quiz
 10 Qns
Let's put the truth on the table. Give me the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. Truth or dare? This quiz, surprise, surprise, is all about truth and what it really means.
Easier, 10 Qns, Creedy, May 21 13
Creedy gold member
2183 plays
  Using Your Intuition   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
You just knew you'd be taking this quiz, didn't you? Welcome to the world of intuition.
Average, 10 Qns, Pagiedamon, Mar 17 19
Pagiedamon gold member
Mar 17 19
7495 plays
  Fight the Fallacy   top quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
The human brain can very easily be led astray by logical fallacies. This quiz asks you to identify ten common fallacies. Good luck!
Average, 10 Qns, Lpez, Apr 30 23
Lpez gold member
Apr 30 23
238 plays
  French Philosophy   top quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
Whose idea is this?
In this quiz, I'll give you the name of notable French philosophers, and you'll have to match each of them with a work, a theory or a principle that he formulated.
Average, 10 Qns, Gispepfu, Apr 11 23
Gispepfu gold member
Apr 11 23
151 plays
  It's (Meta)Physics, Stupid! editor best quiz   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
I once debated with my tutor (a philosophy professor) that physics and philosophy were as different as subjects could be and could not be made to work synergistically. Take this quiz to see why I was wrong. (Please see II sections for discussion).
Average, 10 Qns, doublemm, Apr 23 16
doublemm gold member
1927 plays
  Can You Spot the Fallacy? editor best quiz   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
A quiz about logical fallacies of reasoning that people use in arguments.
Average, 10 Qns, flamingo6684, Feb 07 22
Feb 07 22
8620 plays
  A Journey Through Western Philosophy   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
A few questions about some better known western philosophers and political scientists. It's pretty basic stuff that you'd probably learn in a high school political science class. Thanks for taking my quiz, please let me know what you think of it.
Average, 10 Qns, dudeinc, May 30 14
5445 plays
  A Momentary Lapse Of Reason   top quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Alexander is studying for the final exam in his Introduction to Western Philosophy course - but, for every school of thought, there's one thing he just can't get right. Help him fix these lapses and pass the class!
Average, 10 Qns, CellarDoor, Jan 10 12
CellarDoor gold member
1357 plays
  A Hitchhiker's Guide To Epistemology   top quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Imagine what might happen if your friend, Arthur, challenged your belief that you had a co-worker with a Ford Prefect. Better yet, don't imagine it. Play my quiz instead, a quiz certified to be an EPPQ (an Entertaining and Painless Philosophy Quiz).
Average, 10 Qns, uglybird, Mar 01 13
3551 plays
trivia question Quick Question
Leucippus was gasping for air as this philosopher too was pulled from the bonfire of the humanities. What did part of his theory concern?

From Quiz "The Bonfire of the Humanities"

  SOPHISTication   top quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Throughout history, the philosopher has been both reviled and celebrated, rejected and cherished. In an homage to the love/hate relationship we have with our "lovers of wisdom," here is my very small contribution to a few of those big thinkers.
Average, 10 Qns, bassman68, Jul 19 14
4058 plays
  Critique of Pure Reason   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Immmanuel Kant is perhaps the most important philosopher since Plato. His ideas of the process of thought and cognition truly did begin a "Copernican revolution", which is to be still filtered down us today. Please filter along...
Tough, 10 Qns, thejazzkickazz, Jan 22 11
thejazzkickazz gold member
3222 plays
  Winnie-the-Pooh - Philosophical Genius!   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
There is more to Winnie-the-Pooh than just a Bear of Very Little Brain! If you have read John Tyerman Williams's fascinating "Pooh and the Philosophers" then this will be a doddle. If not, maybe this will inspire you to read it.
Difficult, 10 Qns, Elanor, Dec 19 11
2542 plays
  Which Philosopher Wrote This?   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
I'll name a philosopohical work and you tell me who wrote it! All works are given in the form of their English titles (though some translations of titles might be different, I'll give the most widely accepted version).
Average, 10 Qns, I-Am-A-Car, Sep 12 10
3343 plays
  Logically Speaking   top quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
STOP! WAIT! You can do this quiz. You can even enjoy this quiz. A few little logical puzzles, some perfectly innocent terminology and an application that reflects on the character of Plato. Just one little click...
Tough, 10 Qns, uglybird, Aug 19 16
4080 plays
  Philosophy: Philosophical Terminology    
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
I hope you know your philosophical terms - if you don't, you will not do well on this quiz.
Average, 15 Qns, rodricushr, May 23 20
May 23 20
4649 plays
  Modern Philosophers    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
These are questions about famous philosophers of the 19th century and 20th centuries.
Average, 10 Qns, lunarmercury, Oct 04 19
Oct 04 19
3648 plays
  Find the Fallacies: Fallacies of Relevance    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz includes examples of fallacies of relevance. Your job is to determine which fallacy is being committed! Hopefully you'll learn something, or at least become better at debate!
Average, 10 Qns, natrick, Jul 03 19
Jul 03 19
1438 plays
  It's Only Illogical   popular trivia quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
Match the statement on the left to the logical fallacy that describes it. Remember, a logical fallacy is a method of incorrect reasoning used to reach a conclusion.
Average, 10 Qns, Joepetz, Dec 17 18
Joepetz gold member
Dec 17 18
286 plays
  Philosophy of Religion   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz will cover some of the basics and not so basics of the Philosophy of Religion. It will be considerably harder for those with no prior philosophical knowledge, but all are welcome to play and maybe even learn something! Enjoy!
Difficult, 10 Qns, I-Am-A-Car, May 11 17
May 11 17
2308 plays
  The Roots and Seeds of a Vegetarian Life   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
If you are interested in learning more about vegetarian choices, this quiz is a short enchiridion (guide) to a few of the lifestyle's facts and misconceptions. Have fun!
Tough, 10 Qns, LilahDeDah, Sep 03 19
Sep 03 19
2066 plays
  Find the Fallacy: Fallacies of Weak Induction    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz features fallacious arguments using claims that are inductively weak! Once you take this quiz, you'll probably see more examples of these fallacies in daily life. :) Enjoy!
Average, 10 Qns, natrick, Jul 10 15
1219 plays
  The Bonfire of the Humanities    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Academics have described a current style of teaching classical Greek philosophy in universities as throwing it onto the bonfire (or bin fire) of the humanities. This quiz will rescue a particular group of philosophers from the unlit bonfire.
Average, 10 Qns, misstified, Sep 28 21
misstified gold member
Sep 28 21
223 plays
  Philosophy Fact File   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
How much do you know about the basics behind philosophy?
Average, 10 Qns, kizlode, Jul 18 18
Jul 18 18
4500 plays
  Non Novum Sub Sole!   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
There is nothing new under the sun! Many Modern Philosophies are based on ancient ideas. But do you know which ones?
Average, 10 Qns, Emerald88, Dec 30 14
2112 plays
  Skepticism 101    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Do you know how to think like a skeptic? Here's a quiz on some very basic concepts in skepticism. This quiz is about everyday skepticism, or scientific skepticism, not philosophical skepticism.
Average, 10 Qns, MsElaine, Mar 09 13
1521 plays
  Illogically Thinking    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Did you ever hear someone make an argument and think, "wait that doesn't make sense"? These arguments are called logical fallacies. An example: You'll love this quiz because I wrote it. Have fun!
Average, 10 Qns, Joepetz, Jan 17 19
Joepetz gold member
Jan 17 19
308 plays
  Me, You, and Kuhn: Scientific Revolutions    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Here's a quiz based on Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions (as theorized in his book "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions"). Materials consulted include Kuhn's above-mentioned book, and the "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy."
Average, 10 Qns, Antwell, Jun 08 18
Jun 08 18
572 plays
  The Moral Side    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
I'm taking Religous Education as a GCSE -General Certificate of Secondary Education- and decided to make a quiz to help with revision. It is based on the moral issues side and I hope it will be fun for everyone! :D
Easier, 10 Qns, oblackhearto, Nov 06 15
1178 plays
  Your Philosophy Syllabus    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Lovers of knowledge, take my course for a journey through some of the greatest philosophy books ever written. Do you have what it takes to complete the course?
Average, 10 Qns, albert11, Jan 04 17
251 plays
  Match the Quote with the Philosopher   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz will allow you to test your knowledge of modern Western philosophers. Read the quote (some English translations of the original) and identify which philosopher penned it. I hope it is interesting, fun, and informative.
Average, 10 Qns, johnny_rye, Jun 03 09
1659 plays
  Basic Heidegger...    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
...if there is such a thing. Nota bene: the German word Dasein is literally "Being-there". It is our way of being-always already thrown into the world. All passages from "Being and Time" are translated by Macquarrie and Robinson.
Tough, 10 Qns, gti mug pa, Jul 16 08
gti mug pa
1097 plays
  A "New Age" Glossary Quiz    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
"New Age" is a hard concept to categorize. I believe that it is a philosophy and one that I embrace. See if you know these "New Age" definitions! "New Age Encyclopedia" by Belinda Whitworth used for reference.
Average, 10 Qns, superferd, Oct 15 22
Oct 15 22
1517 plays
  The Vegan House Rules    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
A quick yes/no quiz. Could a strictly vegan person eat or wear these things? (Remember, vegans avoid all animal products.)
Average, 10 Qns, LilahDeDah, Oct 29 18
Oct 29 18
2286 plays
  Survey of Philosophy    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Take a quick trip through some of the interesting ideas and people in philosophy.
Average, 10 Qns, robert362, Jul 31 16
5447 plays
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
So what the heck is 'pataphysics anyway? Take this quiz and find out!
Tough, 10 Qns, qmwne, Oct 10 09
809 plays
  A Postmodern Quiz    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz includes postmodern philosophy and other related literature.
Difficult, 10 Qns, zarcon411, Feb 15 08
995 plays
  This Doesn't Make Any Sense    
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
Match the logical fallacy to the statement that is an example of it.
Very Difficult, 10 Qns, Joepetz, Oct 16 19
Very Difficult
Joepetz gold member
Oct 16 19
210 plays
  Multiple Choice Quiz about Philosophy    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Don't even try this if you are not up to the challenge- it will eat you alive... MWAHAHAHAHA!!!
Average, 10 Qns, highstrung, Dec 21 19
Dec 21 19
6932 plays
  Lucretius: On The Nature Of The Universe (Book 1)    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz concerns the first book (including the prologue) of Lucretius' 1st c. BC treatise "De Rerum Natura", or "On The Nature Of The Universe". How much do you know about this ancient philosophical text? Translation used: R. Melville (1997).
Average, 10 Qns, AlexxSchneider, Feb 22 22
AlexxSchneider gold member
Feb 22 22
233 plays
  Metaphysics of Kant   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
German philosophy seems so rigid yet so mystical. I am certain Indian and Buddhist philosophy differs not so significantly from Immanuel Kant.
Tough, 10 Qns, thejazzkickazz, Apr 20 18
thejazzkickazz gold member
Apr 20 18
1685 plays
  Western Philosophies    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Match the philosophical concepts to the philosophical school or philospher, from ancient Greek thinkers to modern times.
Average, 10 Qns, Unslopogaas, Mar 14 16
2251 plays
  Piecemeal Medieval Philosophies    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
The spirit of the times during the Medieval era put into a small quiz.
Tough, 10 Qns, pilosopiya, Mar 27 16
199 plays
  Philosophy Ideas and People    
Multiple Choice
 5 Qns
See what you know about this......
Average, 5 Qns, silverjade, May 06 16
3845 plays
  Utopian Philosophers    
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
As our world begins to form a 'more perfect union,' and as I studied Utopias last year, here's a fitting quiz. ... Here's a simple true or false quiz over basic Utopian philosophers. Enter false, if any part of the statement is false.
Average, 15 Qns, flitwick, Dec 11 23
Dec 11 23
1841 plays
  Philosophy and Philosophers    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Really no idea how easy or difficult this quiz will be. Looking forward to any comments, and to other quizzes on this topic...
Tough, 10 Qns, theo, Sep 22 21
Sep 22 21
4799 plays
  Philosophy: 10 Questions    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Lots of fill in the blanks could make this quite challenging.
Tough, 10 Qns, divinity21, Jun 12 16
2694 plays
  Philosophical Treatises With Long Titles!    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Did you ever notice how long some titles were on those old philosophical treatises from the Renaissance period and beyond? Now you'll get a chance to apply that information to a useful cause...trivia!
Tough, 10 Qns, thejazzkickazz, Dec 11 01
thejazzkickazz gold member
1279 plays
  Global Philosophy   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
I shall describe the philosophical beliefs of early Greek, Asian, and Roman philosophers...and you dig out the correct figure.
Difficult, 10 Qns, thejazzkickazz, Aug 16 13
thejazzkickazz gold member
3122 plays
  Rise of Democratic Ideas    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Democracy developed over thousands of years. We can thank the Greeks, Romans, Christians, Jews, British and French just to name a few for democratic forms of government. Here are some questions about that development.
Average, 10 Qns, cnaron, Jun 10 18
Jun 10 18
1063 plays
  Philosophy: Greek to the Renaissance    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz covers a lot of ground, fasten your seat belt!
Very Difficult, 10 Qns, thejazzkickazz, Nov 10 07
Very Difficult
thejazzkickazz gold member
2603 plays
  How much do you know about the New Age?    
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
Although not an organized religion or sect, and based in many philosophies and religions old as time, the New Age movement, in all its diversity, has gained a place in our culture. See how much do you know about it.
Difficult, 15 Qns, Mysticalman, Jun 01 03
925 plays

Philosophy Trivia Questions

1. Collected together at one side of the bonfire of the humanities was the earliest group of Greek philosophers. What collective term was later used to describe this group?

From Quiz
The Bonfire of the Humanities

Answer: Pre-Socratic

Greek philosophy started developing as a distinct discipline during the sixth century BCE. The first group of philosophers had their own individual ideas, but often built on the work of each other and have come to be collectively classed as Pre-Socratic philosophers. The term 'Pre-Socratic' was first used in the eighteenth century by Johann Augustus Eberhard. Records from the time are not very complete, so exact dates are hard to determine, but it was not until over a hundred years later that this movement was superseded by others due to the influence of the philosopher Socrates.

2. Elementary school girls are playing with their dolls when one of the girls says to the other, "you should give me your new dollhouse because, if you don't, I won't be your friend anymore." What fallacy is being committed?

From Quiz Find the Fallacies: Fallacies of Relevance

Answer: Appeal to force

An appeal to force is when the arguer threatens the listener/reader. It says that something bad will happen if the listener/reader does not agree or comply.

3. Skepticism is basically the same thing as...

From Quiz Skepticism 101

Answer: critical thinking

The Wiktionary (Wikipedia dictionary) gives a definition of skepticism as "a methodology that starts from doubt and aims to acquire certainty." This is a form of critical thinking. While skepticism is important in science, science and skepticism are not the same thing. Many people think that skepticism is the same as cynicism (the Wiktionary calls cynicism a "scornful or pessimistic attitude; an emotion of jaded negativity"), but this is not what skepticism is about. There is a great deal of overlap between skeptics as a community and the atheist community, but being one of these does not require that you be the other.

4. Marriage and the family: I have a sister and a brother who live at home with me and my parents, who have been married for sixteen years. What kind of family is this?

From Quiz The Moral Side

Answer: nuclear family

In Britain in 1971 68% of households were headed by a married couple. In 2001 this figure had dropped to 45%.

5. Who wrote "Beyond Good And Evil"?

From Quiz Which Philosopher Wrote This?

Answer: Friedrich Nietzsche

Yes, "Beyond Good And Evil" is one of Nietzsche's best known works, subtitled "Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future" and published in 1886. The book is made up of many aphorisms and attacks a great deal of past philosophy. Its title in German is "Jenseits von Gut und Böse".

6. Intuition is defined as "knowing without the use of rational thought". Sometimes you just know not to go down a certain street or answer the door, but you cannot explain why. What is NOT characteristic of intuition?

From Quiz Using Your Intuition

Answer: Grasping knowledge with thoughtful reasoning

Intuition, as a science, is entirely nebulous. The remarkable experiences of physicians and nurses, who often made decisions based on intuition rather than reason, sparked an early interest in research. However, the study of intuition has been difficult to conduct due to its insufficiency in yielding measurable data. Regardless, professionals in many fields, from health care experts to police officers, have shared numerous anecdotes of just "knowing" how to handle a situation--without any logical explanation. This knowledge came from within. Various researchers have debated over what 'intuition' encompasses. Most agree that intuition is the ability to know something instantly and completely. Intuitive decisions often spring full-formed, with little reasoning or supplemental information. (King, "Intuition", Journal of Advanced Nursing, 1997).

7. Paradigm shift! How is this oft abused term defined by Kuhn?

From Quiz Me, You, and Kuhn: Scientific Revolutions

Answer: A revolution in the scientific community where the scientific theories/methodologies once subscribed to by members of the community are replaced by an incommensurable theory/methodology

The crisis mentioned in one of the choices above actually leads to the paradigm shift. The term paradigm is tricky to define, but the gist of it is includes: theories meant to explain a particular phenomena (e.g. light), and the methodologies used to affirm the said theory. Kuhn himself used the term somewhat loosely. Today, the definition of 'paradigm shift' has been bastardized by the layperson to generally mean 'a radical change'.

8. Which text first introduced its readers to the term 'simulacrum'?

From Quiz A Postmodern Quiz

Answer: Jean Baudrillard - "Simulacra and Simulations" (1985)

All these texts deal with simulations in different ways, but the first two novels never used the term 'simulacrum.' Baudrillard argued that everything has now become copies of a copy with no original copy.

9. Called the 'Father of Modern Philosophy', he wanted to approach philosophy differently than others of his time. While they were at the same level as Plato and Aristotle, he said, "I think therefore I am."

From Quiz Non Novum Sub Sole!

Answer: Rene Descartes

Descartes (1596-1650) created the Cartesian coordinates, starting the branch of math called Analytical Geometry. He believed that, just as in math, there must be some fundamental principles in philosophy. He started with the only thing he could be sure of: that he exists!

10. 'Pataphysics is a branch of philosophy founded by which French author of "Ubu Roi"?

From Quiz 'Pataphysics!

Answer: Alfred Jarry

Alfred Jarry (1873-1907) was quite possibly the weirdest French writer of his day. His works are considered the forerunners of Absurdism and Dada, which is perhaps most evident in his three plays about the character "Pere Ubu". In "Ubu Cucu", Ubu describes himself as a 'pataphysician, saying, "'Pataphysics is a branch of science which we have invented and for which a crying need is generally experienced."

11. This thinker taught that man was good by nature and corrupted by society. His famous quote was "Man was born free, and is everywhere in chains."

From Quiz A Journey Through Western Philosophy

Answer: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

He's a philosopher from the European Age of Enlightenment. His definition of man being good by nature did not mean that men naturally act civilly and justly, but rather they were good because they were self-sufficient.

12. Which Philosopher did Plato study under as a young man?

From Quiz Philosophy Fact File

Answer: Socrates

Plato was born in Athens and, after Socrates' death in 399BCE, embarked on a period of travel. In 387BCE he set up the Academy (a school devoted to philosophical learning) and Aristotle was a student there for the last twenty years of Plato's life.

13. This is a word or phrase that may be chanted, sung, or just repeated inwardly. Its intent is to improve concentration and uplift one's spirit. The sound of the word is also important.

From Quiz A "New Age" Glossary Quiz

Answer: Mantra

"Mantra" comes from a root meaning "that which protects the mind". A classic Hindu Mantra is "Om Mani Padme Hum". This roughly translates into English as "The jewel in the lotus", which is a description of the soul. Just the word "Om" is used in many meditation techniques and is supposedly the sound of which the universe was created. It is believed that to begin and end meditation with this mantra will give you the power to create as well.

14. What Greek school of philosophy believed in reincarnation depending on one's virtue in life, and that planetary motions produce a "music of the spheres." ?

From Quiz Western Philosophies

Answer: Pythagorean

Pythagoras, also responsible for the famous mathematical theorem, founded this school in 530 BC. The school made many contributions to mathematics and geometry.

15. Pooh likes to use the technique of feigned ignorance, in order to make people clarify their own thoughts. Which other philosopher used this technique?

From Quiz Winnie-the-Pooh - Philosophical Genius!

Answer: Socrates

Socrates (470-399 BC), like Pooh, asked a lot of questions, in order to get to the bottom of the matter in hand, whether it was the nature of the North Pole, or the meaning of Crustimoney Proseedcake. Pooh is a perfect example of the Socratic phrase "wisest is he who knows he does not know."

16. Who is known as the "Father of Existentialism"?

From Quiz Modern Philosophers

Answer: Soren Kierkegaard

Kierkegaard said "I believe, therefore I am". He believed the common man merely "thinks" while the existential man believes and knows.

17. Who was the philosopher that shook Kant to such a degree, that he was compelled to publish this interesting tome?

From Quiz Critique of Pure Reason

Answer: David Hume

Hume created a severe sense of disconnection in Kant. Hume's skeptical analysis of the mind's power to understand reality, shook Kant to a disturbing degree, that this book was probably written in order to justify that the mind was somewhat capable of understanding reality.

18. Kant follows the Metaphysics covered by which Greek philosopher?

From Quiz Metaphysics of Kant

Answer: Aristotle

Aristotle believed that all cognitions were derived from experiences with space and time, so that all judgments were in fact empirical, ruling out all intuitive judgments and a priori syntheses. However, Kant was really influenced more by Plato's notions of Ideas and the need to obtain a priori concepts from pure ideas which exist outside space and time.

19. Which Pope came in with the real whizzer of a title, 'On the Misery of the Human Condition'?

From Quiz Philosophical Treatises With Long Titles!

Answer: Innocent III

You'd think the Pope's job would be to uplift and exalt, but not old Innocent. He was probably the most powerful Pope of all-time.

20. Who was the first Greek philosopher responsible for eradicating the notion of 'mythic causes' for natural phenomena, and established the guiding principles for scientific investigation?

From Quiz Global Philosophy

Answer: Aristotle

21. What was the school of philosophy, founded by Pyrrho of Elis about the same time that Stoic philosophy and Epicureanism flourished, that teaches that we can know nothing?

From Quiz Philosophy

Answer: skepticism & scepticism & Pyrrhonism

Pyrrho said that our senses deceive us and provide no accurate knowledge.

22. A conceptual investigation of fundamental issues.

From Quiz Philosophy: Philosophical Terminology

Answer: What is Philosophy?

The etymology of the word philosophy comes from 'philos' which means love, and 'sophia', which means wisdom. Philosophers investigate concepts and important issues in every day life. By examining these things, we can achieve clearer concepts and hopefully make wiser, better people.

23. 'The unexamined life is not worth living'. Who is credited with saying this?

From Quiz Survey of Philosophy

Answer: Socrates

Interesting idea. In Plato's writings he attributed this line to Socrates.

24. After having written (supposedly) the final book on philosophy, which philosopher quit his profession to become a village school teacher ?

From Quiz Philosophy and Philosophers

Answer: Ludwig Wittgenstein

After a couple of years, Wittgenstein changed his mind and returned to his original profession.

25. Which German philosopher wrote the work 'Thus Spake Zarathustra'?

From Quiz Philosophy

Answer: Nietzsche

26. This quiz made an opening in the bonfire of the humanities and philosophers started to get out. First out was Thales, but what did he propose a theory about?

From Quiz The Bonfire of the Humanities

Answer: The creation of the world and its contents

Greek society had been dominated by the belief, or at least acceptance, that the observable world and everything in it, including people, animals and plants, were created by multiple immortal gods. However, Pre-Socratic philosopher Thales of Miletus proposed a new theory. Thales reasoned from what was observable in the natural world back to what caused all matter to come into existence - the originating principle or First Cause. His conclusion was that water was the First Cause because it could assume the different forms of ice, water and steam. Thales did not openly deny the existence of the gods and his ideas were not rejected, possibly because they could be interpreted as accepting that water was the medium used by the gods.

27. St. Augustine of Hippo contended that absolute truths (he uses examples such as mathematical truths, logical truths) are only comprehensible to men due to what?

From Quiz Piecemeal Medieval Philosophies

Answer: God's divine illumination

Human reason, St. Augustine argued, is in fact imperfect, finite and subject to change. Eternal truths, on the other hand, are the exact opposite. How do you suppose men reach such truths, however evidently men speculate about such truths? St. Augustine answers that this could only have been possible due to God's grace (divine illumination) to allow men to ponder upon immutable ideas which lie in the divine Godhead.

28. It has never been shown that aliens do not exist. Therefore, they must really be out there.

From Quiz Find the Fallacy: Fallacies of Weak Induction

Answer: Appeal to ignorance

This fallacy is known as "appeal to ignorance" because it uses the fact that something has not been disproven as evidence that the conclusion is true. The conclusion does not follow from the claim, thus making the argument fallacious.

29. Amy should be elected president of Environmental Club. She has been having a really bad week since her grandmother died on Monday.

From Quiz Find the Fallacies: Fallacies of Relevance

Answer: Appeal to pity

"Appeal to pity" is when the arguer uses an emotional plea instead of a logical one to give support to their conclusion. The fact that Amy's grandmother died would not make her the best candidate for the club president.

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