Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Fittingly, our student hero has begun his notes with the foundations and methods of western philosophy. He's written, "The Greeks realized that moral questions can be studied and argued systematically. With the Socratic Method, students explored these issues through debates, each one giving a speech in support of a different view." Something isn't quite right here. What was Alexander's momentary lapse?
2. On to Plato! Here's Alexander's writeup of the Greek philosopher's Theory of Forms: "Plato argued that the essential Forms of things are eternal and unchangeable, and must not be confused with the forms we perceive through our senses. He used the Allegory of the Cave, in which prisoners mistake the echoes of birdsong for the birds themselves, to explain the difference." Tell us how Alexander's description lapses.
3. Flipping through his study guide, Alexander hands you his materials on Christian philosophy. "Thomism," he's written, "was a major underpinning to medieval and modern Roman Catholic theology. First laid out by the apostle St. Thomas - widely known as Doubting Thomas - it separates the essence of something from its accidence. Thomism teaches that we can know the world as it really is. The philosophy owes a great deal to the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle." Where does this description lapse?
4. "Immanuel Kant was a crucial figure in the Enlightenment. He united reason and observation in his masterpiece, `Critique of Pure Intuition,' and taught that morality was based on duty." Well, Alexander's write-up is mostly right. Which of the following identifies his lapse?
5. Alexander's study guide to utilitarianism leaves something to be desired. Here's a part of the description he's written: "Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory. According to the rule set down by Jeremy Bentham, the most moral act is the one that will result in the greatest material wealth for the largest number of people. Later utilitarians have modified this rule to take greater account of personal rights." Where is the lapse in this description?
6. You spot a gap in Alexander's notes on 19th-century philosophy and ask him about Henry David Thoreau. "Thoreau," he tells you, "helped found Transcendentalism, which was a purely English movement. They believed that people and the natural world were inherently good, and that a moral person should be self-reliant. Hmm - I'm not sure that's all right." Indeed it isn't. Find the lapse of reason.
7. Here's a neat Nietzsche paragraph: "Friedrich Nietzsche was a revolutionary philosopher in the late 19th century. His thoughts contributed to existentialism, post-modernism, and nihilism. He posited that people are motivated by a desire for more power. Famously arguing, `God lives!', Nietzsche laid out a strong case for constructing a new morality in an age of science and technology." All right, maybe this isn't quite so neat. What's the lapse in this description?
8. Alexander gestures to a trash can filled with crumpled-up sheets of paper. "I know this writeup on existentialism is lacking, but I just can't find the mistake," he says. You uncrumple a page and read it: "Existentialism was a 19th- and 20th-century movement that placed the individual at the center of philosophy and ethics. Classic existential works by such writers as Sartre and Camus supported this idea by presenting well-adjusted individuals in perfect harmony with their world." Which of these identifies the lapse?
9. "Objectivism," Alexander's study guide tells you, "is a twentieth-century movement saying that knowledge should come from objective observation of reality. Philosophers like Ayn Rand fiercely attacked it for its `selfish' advocacy of rational self-interest." There's a rather major lapse in this description of Objectivist reason. What is it?
10. There's just one more page in Alexander's study guide. "After World War II," it reads, "the post-modernist movement rejected the idea that there is an objective reality that humans can discern. Post-modernists are suspicious of `grand narratives' and of the idea that there is some unique human essence. The movement has been strictly limited to philosophers, however, and these ideas have seen no spillover into western culture." This last lapse is a humdinger! What is it?
Source: Author CellarDoor
This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor looney_tunes
before going online.
Any errors found in FunTrivia content are routinely corrected through our feedback system.