Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Remember the time in the 1990s, when a movie called "Shazaam" came out, starring the actor Sinbad as a genie? Funny thing though, even though many people claim to remember this, there was never any such movie! Phenomena like this, in which large numbers of people claim to remember an event that never occurred, have become popularly known as what?
2. Memory researchers have identified a number of factors that can foster false memories. For example, simply imagining an event can boost a person's confidence that they actually experienced it, a phenomenon known by what name?
3. Research has found that eye-witness memory is not as reliable as people might think. What is it called when someone's memory of an event is influenced by information provided by a co-witness after the event occurred?
4. The 2000 movie "Memento" was a about a man who had lost his ability to form new memories as a result of brain damage. What is this condition called?
5. For a memory to become permanent, it must be transferred from short-term to long-term memory. What seahorse-shaped component of the brain's limbic system seems to play a critical role in this process?
6. A famous memory study in 1977 asked people to recall the moment they heard about the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Nearly all the participants reported that they could vividly recall inconsequential details of where they were and what they were doing at the time, even though the event occurred more than a decade earlier. This phenomenon was given what name?
7. Some people report vivid memories of events that, from a mainstream scientific perspective, are highly unlikely to be true, such as being abducted by aliens and being taken aboard spaceships for examination. A study on reports of alien abduction found that they frequently involved awakening before dawn and being unable to move, which suggests the theory that alien abductions are based on hallucinations occurring during sleep paralysis. Sleep paralysis is most likely to occur in the state between sleeping and waking up, which is known by what technical term?
8. When someone encounters a person or place they have seen before, they naturally experience a sense of familiarity based on their memory of previous encounters. However, sometimes a person may experience an unnerving sense of familiarity when encountering a place or person they have never actually seen before. What is this experience called?
9. What is it called when previously learned information interferes with one's ability to remember new information?
10. People have long been interested in finding ways to improve their memory. What is the name of an ancient method that involves imagining walking through a familiar place and visualising the things one wants to remember at various points in that place?
Source: Author agentofchaos
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