Answer: Coconino County
Coconino County is located in north-central Arizona, with Flagstaff being its county seat. It is the second-largest county of the USA by area, coming second only to San Bernardino County, California.
Humphreys Peak is named after General Andrew A. Humphreys, a US military union general.
Answer: The Grand Canyon
The Grand Canyon is one of the most beautiful National Parks in the United States. You can actually get a few different views of the canyon. The north rim is covered in beautiful trees, as you look down in the canyon. The south rim is a breathtaking view of the deep canyon.
You can visit one of many visitor centers; one of my personal favorites is the "watchtower". You can climb all the way to the top and enjoy the overlook.
In order to hike and camp in the bottom of the canyon, you must apply and get a permit - one of the hardest permits to get, by the way. If you're just looking at hiking in and out the same day, no permit is needed. Just remember this. Hiking down is optional. Hiking up is mandatory.
Answer: Meteor Crater
The U.S. Board on Geographic Names normally names geographic features after the nearest post office. The nearest post office to the meteor crater is Meteor, Arizona, hence the name. Near Winslow, the site is on private land owned by the Barringer family. The 1 mile (1.6 km)-wide crater is rectangular in shape, probably due to faulting of the rock strata rather than the shape of the meteor, which landed about 50,000 years ago.
Tombstone is located in southeastern Arizona. Founded as a mining town, it was once the home of Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday and Big Nose Kate. Although the mines have closed, it has become a popular tourist destination, as its history epitomizes the 'Wild West'. Here, you can tour the Birdcage Theatre, and western gunfights are simulated daily on its main street.
Answer: A 336-mile-long canal
In 1993, the twenty-year construction of the Central Arizona Project was completed -- a 336-mile canal delivering 1.5 million acre-feet of Colorado River water from Lake Havasu to Phoenix and Tucson. Native American tribes and agricultural customers each get about a third of the allocation, with the remaining third going to communities and industrial customers along the canal route. Although fish are stocked in the canal to eat algae and the like, there is no fishing allowed along the canal; it is protected by a fence for its entire length to prevent people and animals from falling into the fast-moving water. There are several bridges over the canal in various places to allow animals to cross (migration paths were studied to build the bridges at the appropriate places) and there are watering holes located in several places along the canal to help keep animals from being tempted by the canal waters.
The Eagles - "Take it Easy" (1972): "Well I'm standing on a corner in Winslow, Arizona and such a fine sight to see..."
Talk about reviving a town through a song! Winslow is located in northeast Arizona on the famous Route 66. Following the opening of Interstate 40, Winslow experienced the same decline as many other towns along the obsolete route, but the Eagles' song helped to rescue it. Now tourists visit to have their picture taken next to the life-size bronze statue of a man at the Standin' on the Corner Park in Winslow.
Tucsonans still test their skills on Speedway, but the road is paved and four to six lanes wide now and traverses the city from east to west. And that ugly label came from all the billboards which have been cleaned up a little.
Answer: Kingman, Winslow, Flagstaff
Barstow, Victorville and Needles were on Route 66 in California.
Answer: Tom Mix
There's a memorial at the accident site on US 89 where Mix flipped the car he was driving at 80 miles per hour. His neck broke, killing him instantly.
National parks in the United States are areas that are protected and administered by the National Park Service, which is an arm of the Department of the Interior. Why? It may be because there is a magnificent feature in a particular area or because the scenery is simply incredible - or both! As you may know, the first national park in the U.S. was Yellowstone, which was signed into law in 1872. It took a bit longer for Arizona to have a national park, and there are three on our quiz list - Grand Canyon (1919), Petrified Forest (1962) and Saguaro (1994).
Each national park is uniquely beautiful, and many also contain Native American sites. The rock formations of the Grand Canyon are believed to be the result of at least two billion years of geologic activity, caused by both erosion and tectonic uplift. Scientists believe that the petrified wood in the Petrified Forest is approximately 225 million years old. Dinosaur fossils have also been found there. Saguaro offers a view of giant saguaro cacti, as well as other varieties of cacti and wildlife species.
National monuments are also protected areas in the U.S., and can be created by presidential decree or congressional legislation. They are places of either historic or scientific significance. The first national monument in the U.S. was Devil's Tower, chosen in 1906. Various agencies, such as the National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, and United States Forest Service manage national monuments.
Chiricahua National Monument (1924) is a rock formation that was made about 27 million years ago during a volcanic eruption. Canyon de Chelly (1931) is located within the Navajo National reservation. It contains ancient cliff dwellings made by the Anasazi. Tourists may visit Native American pueblos at Agua Fria (2000). Ironwood Forest (2000) contains groves of ironwood trees, along with archaeological sites that date to approximately 600 AD. Wupatki offers a view of 900 year-old Puebloan site that borders on the Painted Desert. If you like to see the outcome of volcanic activity, be sure to visit Sunset Crater National Monument. There are walking trails to enjoy, along with beautiful scenery. Finally, Walnut Canyon boasts both breathtaking sights and cliff dwellings used by the ancient Sinagua people some nine hundred years ago.
The incorrect choices listed are also U.S. National Parks. Arches, Zion, Canyonland, and Bryce Canyon are all located in Utah, while Yosemite, Redwood, Joshua Tree, Death Valley, Pinnacles, and Sequoia are found in California.
The site of Antelope Canyon is sacred to the Navajo nation. The canyons were formed by the erosion of the red sandstone by flash floods and wind, over thousands of years. The way the sun beams fall through the cracks of this canyon has made it one of the most photographed and visited slot canyons of America.
Page is a city located in Coconino County, Arizona. As cities in Arizona go, Page was founded relatively early, in 1957. It originally started as a housing site for the workers building the Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River, and their families. Land for this site was gained from a land exchange with the Navajo Nation.
Both the building of the Glen Canyon Dam, and the discovery of the Antelope Canyon, made Page expand as a city. Many people visit Page in order to gain access to the nearby canyons, via the Glen Canyon Dam.
Right along Route 40 you can find the small but popular town of Winslow, Arizona and yes, "such a fine sight to see...". When you stop in the town you'll spot a few things, including the famous red truck and a monument of the song with a cowboy "Standin' on the Corner". Of course everyone wants their picture taken there. We waited till dark and stood in the middle of the street, of course waiting for no traffic.
There's also a 9/11 monument on the outskirts of town, along with a historic railroad just outside the city too.
Answer: In the 1860s a new town emerged from the ruins of a former civilization
From the archaeologically significant Pueblo Grande ruins, we now know the Phoenix area was occupied between 700 A.D. and 1400 A.D. by a civilization who built an irrigation system on the desert land near the river confluence. This consisted of 135 miles of canals, which irrigated the land which then became fertile, and formed the basis of the settlement. The fate of this early society, is unknown. It is thought that it was destroyed by an extended drought. Nomad Indians saw the Pueblo Grande ruins and the canal system these people left behind, and gave them the name "Ho Ho Kam" which means the people who have gone.
An early settler, Darrell Duppa, suggested the name Phoenix, as the new town had emerged from the ruins of a former civilization. It was previously called Swilling's Mill. The name Phoenix was ratified in 1868 as part of an election district and a post office with the township name on its doors further substantiated the name.
From Quiz: Phoenix Trivia
Answer: Phantom Ranch
When hiking into the Grand Canyon, many people decide to spend the night at Phantom Ranch, located on the north side of the Colorado River. There are only three ways you can get to Phantom Ranch: hike in, ride a mule or come down the Colorado River. It is one of a few places in the United States where the US mail is still delivered by mules. Living in Arizona for over 30 years, I have stayed at Phantom Ranch several times in the past. Although the canyon's grandeur is immense, thinking about those switchbacks on the long, long way to the top, I realize I'll probably never do it again. But there are memories of those excursions that I still cherish.
Answer: Ski areas
These areas have ski shops and restaurants so they aren't merely spots that happen to get snow. Sunrise Park Ski Resort is operated by the Apaches in the White Mountains of eastern Arizona, Arizona Snowbowl is located in the San Francisco Peaks overlooking Flagstaff, Williams Ski Area (Elk Ridge) is located west of Flagstaff on Bill Williams Mountain, and Mount Lemmon Ski Valley overlooks Tucson. All of the sites have many runs and multiple ski lifts. Incidentally, Mt. Lemmon is officially the southernmost ski area in the continental US and usually gets credit for being the southernmost in the entire US since Mauna Kea in Hawaii doesn't have lifts or a ski center.
Answer: Colorado and Gila
Sandy Denny and Johnny Silvo - "The 3:10 to Yuma" (1967): "There is a lonely train called the 3:10 to Yuma and it's the only train left for me to ride on..."
Located in the southwestern tip of Arizona, Yuma was one of the earliest European settlements in the state due to its convenient location on the Colorado River. The Colorado rises in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado and flows along the Arizona border with Nevada and California before heading to Mexico and the Sea of Cortez (or Gulf of California if you prefer - same place). The Gila (pronounced "Hee-la") has its origin in New Mexico and travels across Arizona before meeting up with the Colorado at Yuma. Both rivers are now dammed (not cursed -- they have dams) so the full force of the water no longer reaches Yuma, and if the rivers are running low, the water may not reach the Sea of Cortez.
Answer: Humphrey's Peak
Humphrey's Peak is 12,670 feet above sea level; the other peaks are fictious.
This natural wonder spreads over 8,000 square feet.
Answer: Daryll Dupa
Dupa was an English adventurer who was steeped in the classics. He named Phoenix after the mythical bird that rose from its ashes, because the new town was built over an ancient Hohokam settlement along the Salt River. He named Tempe after the legendary Vale of Tempe in Greece.
Answer: God Enriches
The other choices are mottos of states that border Arizona. Can you guess which is which?
Arizona produces more copper than any other US state, and the Morenci Mine is the largest copper mine in Arizona, as well as being the largest open pit copper mine in the USA. Arizona's nickname is "the Copper State."
Over 3,000 people are employed by the Morenci Mine alone. There are several large copper mines in Arizona, some of which are among the largest reserves of copper in the USA.
Answer: Monument Valley
Located in Arizona and Utah, near where the two states meet New Mexico and Colorado, Monument Valley is colored red from iron oxide and blue from manganese oxide. Two buttes are nicknamed "the mittens" from their shape. John Ford and other directors used the valley so often that for many moviegoers, it became what they pictured as the American west.
Answer: Largest reservoir in the U.S.
Arizona shares the two largest reservoirs in the United States: Lake Mead (with Nevada) and Lake Powell (with Utah). Both reservoirs are along the Colorado River, with Lake Mead created by Hoover Dam in 1936 and Lake Powell created by Glen Canyon Dam in 1966. The largest lake located entirely in Arizona is Theodore Roosevelt Lake northeast of Phoenix. It is also a reservoir, created by Theodore Roosevelt Dam in 1911. Mormon Lake in northern Arizona is the largest natural lake in the state.
The Beatles - "Get Back" (1969): "Jojo left his home in Tucson, Arizona, for some California grass..."
In fairness, there are a couple of ski areas in New Mexico which also lay claim to this title, but if you look at a map, the Mount Lemon ski area north of Tucson appears to be further south (and the USDA Forest Service claims it is, so there). Tucson (pronounced "Too-sawn") was also the capital of the Confederate Territory of Arizona during the U.S. Civil War, and the only recognized Civil War battle in Arizona occurred about 45 miles northwest of Tucson at Picacho Peak. More a skirmish than a battle, less than 30 soldiers were involved, with three deaths on the Union side. Naturally, we have annual reenactments. No, seriously - we do!
Today there is a large, white "A" on Sentinel Peak, representing the University of Arizona. Tucson is also sometimes called The Old Pueblo.
Answer: Saguaro Cactus Blossom
This is a pure white flower that blooms on the tips of the saguaro cactus during May and June. It became the state flower in 1931.
Colorado City and its sister town of Hildale, Utah are polygamous communities, that are virtual theocracies.
It drains water from seven states.
Answer: William Howard Taft
Arizona was granted statehood on February 14, 1912.
Answer: Lake Havasu City
Robert P. McCulloch founded Lake Havasu City, and he purchased London Bridge in 1968, for $2.5 million. There have been many bridges over the history of London, which have been named "London Bridge" but this particular London Bridge was sinking into the Thames at the time, making it easier for Robert P. McCulloch to buy. He wanted a unique attraction for his newly founded city, and the bridge is still in Lake Havasu City to this day.
Answer: Petrified Forest National Park
You can see these and of course, petrified rocks as well. The rumor is if you pick up a rock and take it home, that you'll have bad luck until it's returned. One in particular is the Agate Bridge, which is one long log, over 100 feet long! All petrified and gorgeous!
You can also visit the Painted Desert Visitor Center where you can go though the back and take a little nature walk.
The overlooks have amazing views. Painted Desert is like a painting with many different colors from a paint brush. The Blue Mesa is another area that has numerous colors in the small hills.
Initially the agricultural products grown in the district were alfalfa, cotton, citrus, and hay. In time, as methods became more scientific, cotton, cattle, citrus, copper and climate became the "Five C's" that anchored the Phoenix district's economy up until WWII.
Over 60% of the US copper is mined in Arizona, principally around and south of Phoenix. Nearly all of the silver mined in Arizona is a byproduct of copper mining. Arizona is the fourth largest silver producing state after Alaska, Nevada, and Idaho.
From Quiz: Phoenix Trivia
Answer: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
As part of the settlement of the Mexican-American War (1846-48), the U.S. gave Mexico 15 million dollars (about 410 million today) for what would become California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah and parts of Wyoming and Colorado. The treaty was signed in a neighborhood of Mexico City called Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo. More land was added to southern Arizona and New Mexico through the Gadsden Purchase of 1853.
In 1752, the Spanish established Tubac, the first European settlement in Arizona. The town is located about twenty miles north of the Mexican border and fifty miles south of Tucson. The settlement suffered from raids by neighboring tribes over the years, and by the time the United States took possession of it a century later, it was essentially a ghost town. A mining boom followed, bringing in a new population that resulted in Tubac reportedly being the largest town in Arizona in 1860. The first newspaper in Arizona, the "Weekly Arizonian", was printed there in 1859. But the boom was short lived and only a small population remained in Tubac from then on. The town of Tubac evolved into an artist's colony in the 1940s, and they have an annual arts festival there in early February. The Tubac Presidio State Historic Park is operated by the Tubac Historical Society and although there is a fee to enter the park, the town of Tubac can be visited free of charge.
And yes, there is a Bloody Basin, AZ, along with American Flag, Big Bug, Bootlegger Crossing, Bumble Bee, Grasshopper Junction, Happy Jack, Hogeye, Nothing, Skull Valley, Total Wreck and Two Guns.
Steve Miller Band - "Rock'n Me" (1976): "I went from Phoenix, Arizona, all the way to Tacoma, Philadelphia, Atlanta, L.A..."
The Phoenix metropolitan area is comprised of many towns and cities: Buckeye, Mesa, Litchfield Park, Surprise, Chandler, Peoria, Paradise Valley - the list goes on. It can take over an hour to drive from one end to the other, even without traffic. Phoenix became the capital of the Arizona territory in 1889 and continued as the capital when Arizona became a state in 1912.
The Tubac Presidio State Park and the adjacent art galleries are a neat diversion for the day. Tubac was also where Arizona's first newspaper the "Weekly Arizonan" was first published.
Answer: Arizona Tree Frog
It is also called the mountain tree frog and is found mainly in the Huachucas. It is less than two inches long.
Answer: The Old Pueblo
Tucson traces its European roots to 1694.