The Tongass National Forest, the nation's largest, is home to bears, wolves, humpback whales, killer whales, sea otters, bald eagles, and sitka blacktail deer. Administered by the Ntional Forest Service, there are numerous recreational opportunities such as hiking, camping, kayaking, and wildlife watching. The region is serviced by The Alaska Marine Highway a ferry system that transports passengers and vehicles from Bellingham, WA to routes throughout Southeast Alaska.
One-fifth of U.S. land is found in Alaska. It is twice as big as Texas. Rhode Island, Trinidad or Cape Verde would fit inside Alaska 425 times!
Answer: Seward Peninsula
Nome is located along the southern part of the peninsula next to Norton Sound, which is an inlet of the Bering Sea. It became a city in 1901, and at one time was the largest city in Alaska. William Seward purchased Alaska in 1867.
Answer: Alexander Archipelago
The Alexander Archipelago contains over 1,000 islands. Two of Alaska's largest cities - Juneau and Ketchikan - are here, and are accessible only by air or water.
The highway was named after James Dalton, an Alaskan engineer who was important in the building of the Distant Early Warning Line and oil exploration. Deadhorse, in North Slope Borough on Prudhoe Bay, is unincorporated, but it has an airport and general store. It also has a few places for tourists to stay, though it mainly services the companies that run the oil fields in Prudhoe Bay.
From Quiz: Arctic Alaska
Answer: it's a national monument
Admiralty Island is a national monument. It has the highest density of brown bears in North America! The native people call it Xootsnoowu, which means "Fortress of the Bear".
Answer: Shelikof Strait
The Shelikof Strait is named for the Russian fur trader and trapper Grigory Shelikof. He founded a settlement on Kodiak Island in the late 18th century.
Answer: October 18, 1867
William H. Seward assisted in the purchase of buying Alaska by paying Russia $7,200,000. It officially became a state in 1959.
Fairbanks was originally inhabited for its gold. Shortly thereafter, the people mining in the town of Fairbanks voted to establish the town of Fairbanks by a majority vote of 75%.
Answer: Eklutna Lake Trail
Eklutna Lake is, of course, on your right. This area is good for the diversity of activities possible.
Answer: Bald eagles
More than 3,500 bald eagles gather along the Chilkat River each fall and winter. They're attracted by the large number of salmon in this spot.
Answer: dog mushing
The Alaska Legislature adopted this in 1972.
From Quiz: Alaska
Answer: northeast corner of Alaska
It is bounded by the Beaufort Sea on the north, which is part of the Arctic Ocean, and by Canada's Yukon Territory on the east. ANWR is the largest designated wilderness area (8 million acres) in the National Wildlife Refuge System, almost all of it being north of the Arctic Circle.
Alaska isn't always snowy and frozen. The wild forget-me-not grows profusely throughout Alaska during the summer. It was adopted as the territorial flower in 1917, long before Alaska became a state.
Answer: Gold discovery
In 1898, gold was discovered by prospectors on Anvil Creek in Nome. When news of the discovery reached the rest of world, people began to flock there. This dramatically increased the population, with some reports that as many as 20,000 people may have gone there. The Nome mining district was created, and tent cities were set up along the beach sands for several miles.
Answer: The Bush
A majority of Alaskan natives live in the Bush, where life is much as it was decades or even centuries ago. Some of the larger villages/town in The Bush are Nome, Barrow, Dillingham and Kotzebue.
Barrow and nearby Point Barrow are named after Sir John Barrow. Barrow is the seat of North Slope Borough and is located in the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska. The native name for the area means 'place where snowy owls are hunted'. The Inupiat Eskimo have lived in the area for over a thousand years, and live by hunting and fishing.
From Quiz: Arctic Alaska
Answer: Vitus Jonassen Bering
Bering discovered Alaska on a voyage from Siberia and was the first outsider to discover Alaska. Bennie Benson designed Alaska's state flag and Joseph Juneau discovered gold.
Answer: Alaska Peninsula and Kamchatka Peninsula
The Aleutian Islands extend westward for 1,200 miles (1,900 kilometers) from the United States' Alaska Peninsula to Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula. There are approximately 300 Aleutian Islands that occupy a total area of 6,821 square miles (17,666 sq km).
Answer: E.T. Barnette
E.T. Barnette never actually wanted to come to Fairbanks. His goal was to take steam ship, by the Tanana River, to the town of Tannacross. As the steam boat approached the Tanana River, by way of the Chena River, the captain noticed the waters were too low and could not proceed. Therefore he dropped E.T. Barnette there on the banks of what is now Fairbanks.
Answer: Yukon River
By far the longest river in the state at approximately 1,875 miles, the Yukon River actually orginates in Canada, with its headwaters near the end of the Chilcoot Trail in the Lake Lindeman/Bennet Lake system. It flows through the heart of Alaska and eventually empties into the south side of Norton Sound.
Chinook (King) salmon travel as far up the river as Fairbanks, many hundreds of miles from the sea in one of the longest migrations among anadromous fish worldwide. (Anadromous fish hatch in fresh water, migrate to saltwater for the majority of their lives, then return to fresh water to spawn. In the case of salmon, they always return to the same stream they hatched in.)
Answer: Willow ptarmigan
The origin of the word "ptarmigan" is unknown. One theory is that it comes from a Gaelic word meaning "mountaineer". Feathered feet help this bird conserve heat and it can survive the winter by eating nothing more than willow buds. Also in the winter, the birds are camouflaged by turning completely white.
Answer: Brooks Range
The Brooks Range has peaks and glaciers to 9000 feet. This range is the northernmost extension of the Rocky Mountain chain. It is 600 miles long by 200 miles wide across the entire Alaskan Arctic.
Answer: Misty Fiords
Misty Fiords, or Fjords if you don't like the official spelling, is spectacular with its steep mountains, lush forest, and wildlife population located on the east side of Behm Canal. The ideal way to experience the rugged beauty is either by a flightseeing trip or for the more adventurous, a kayaking excursion. Both can be arranged in Ketchikan.
Answer: Native Americans
It is estimated that more than half the population of Nome was Native American in 2014. Some of these native groups include the Yupik, the Inuit and American Indians, with lineage to tribes in the lower 48 states. White Caucasians accounted for about a third of the population, while others were present in negligible numbers.
The earliest record of Russian exploration of Alaska dates from 1648. Permanent Russian settlements date from the 1790s. Russian language, culture and religion influenced much of the early history of Alaska.
Answer: Gates of the Arctic
It was declared a national park in 1980, but before that it had been protected as a U.S. National Monument for two years. Part of the Brooks Range makes up the majority of the park, which has no established visitor facilities or roads, but there is a small visitor center on the Dalton Highway at Coldfoot, which is just a few miles away. The wilderness activist, Bob Marshall, is responsible for the park's name. In 1929, while exploring the Koyukuk River, he encountered an area with a mountain on either side of the river and dubbed the place the 'Gates of the Arctic'.
From Quiz: Arctic Alaska
Answer: Ten Thousand Smokes
The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes got its name from the thousands of jet streams that were shooting from the ground. This incident is also called the Katmai eruption.
Answer: James Cook
Although Captain Cook wasn't the first western explorer to visit the islands, he is the first known to use the Kodiak name. He mentioned it in his journal in 1778.
Answer: Charles W. Fairbanks
The city of Fairbanks was named in honor Charles W. Fairbanks who later became the vice president to Theodore Roosevelt.
Answer: Raven Valley
Everyone remembers the gorge, one of the few places you can cross a bridge on this route.
Answer: Kenai River
The Kenai River is easily the most intensively sport fished river in the state. If you come to Alaska to go king salmon fishing, chances are you will go to the Kenai River. Fishing is superb both from the bank and from a boat. People are even known to float the entire length of the river in a float tube from which they fish.
It is also a gorgeous river, its water a rich blue-green, which can be viewed from a number of trails in the wilderness along the river, especially those composing the Ressurection Trail System stretching from Hope to Seward.
King salmon are not the only fish found here, with superb angling for all five species of Pacific salmon, rainbow/steelhead trout, and arctic char/dolly varden as well.
Answer: Sitka spruce
Spruce needles are usually sharp and four-sided and emit a pungent odor when crushed. The mature cones hang down from a branch, instead of erect like the cones of a fir. Spruces are typically tall and conical, but soil and climate can change their growth pattern.
Answer: more in the summer
The days are much shorter(darker)in the winter and, in the the summer the days are much longer(lighter). This is due to the tilt in the earth's axis.
From Quiz: Amazing Alaska
Alaska's second largest city is Fairbanks. The third is Juneau.
From Quiz: Alaska
The permafrost restricts drainage of water through the soil, which makes it moist in the short summer growing season. Permafrost also makes the tundra vulnerable to disturbance.
Petersburg has a burgeoning fishing fleet and annually hosts the "Little Norway Festival". There is a significant commercial fishing fleet and a strong presence of Scandinavian heritage The town was founded in 1910 by Peter Buschmann, a Norwegian immigrant. The town was named after Buschmann and attracted immigrants of Scandinavian descent, thus acquiring the nickname "Little Norway".