Answer: Mystical Palm Technique
The Mystical Palm Technique is a form of Medical Ninjutsu and has no connection with Yin Release whatsoever.
Answer: Flying Thunder God Kunai, medical pack, and the Sharingan
Hatake Kakashi received gifts of a Flying Thunder God Kunai from Minato, a medical pack from Rin and the Sharingan from Obito for his advancement to Jōnin. Obito never really intended to give the Sharingan to Kakashi, he just gave it because he knew that he was going to die and he was the only one in the team that didn't give something to Kakashi.
Naruto failed three times because he could not use the regular clone jutsu.
From Quiz: "Naruto" #1
Answer: Shadow Clone Technique
He is most proficient in the Shadow Clone Jutsu, having made it a central part of his Taijutsu and Ninja skills in general. He isn't as proficient at the Rasengan as he is at the Shadow Clone Jutsu, as he needs the Shadow Clone jutsu in order to create a stable(-ish) Rasengan.
Unfortunately, Kisame summoned sharks to take the information he had gathered to Tobi. He then trapped the other ninjas in a water prison. Aoba would have discovered Tobi's real face if Kisame had not bitten his tongue.
Despite his result, Naruto still passed the first phase of the chunin exam along with Sakura and Sasuke.
Answer: He became the leader of the ANBU black ops
After Itachi became the leader of the ANBU black ops, he received a mission from the village elders to kill the Uchiha Clan.
From Quiz: "Naruto" Anime
This was before Iruka Sensei passed him on his test. Iruka actually gave him the one off of his own head!