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Quiz about Portuguese Explorers from 15th to 17th Centuries
Quiz about Portuguese Explorers from 15th to 17th Centuries

Portuguese Explorers from 15th to 17th Centuries Quiz


Portugal was the first Western European country to start exploration by sea. Starting from 15th century, they had made many discoveries around the world unknown to the Europeans.
This is a renovated/adopted version of an old quiz by author CarlaA

A multiple-choice quiz by sw11. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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Author
sw11
Time
3 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
34,140
Updated
Jun 14 24
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Tough
Avg Score
6 / 10
Plays
95
Last 3 plays: pehinhota (9/10), rupert774 (2/10), Guest 136 (1/10).
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Question 1 of 10
1. Born in the late 14th century, who was instrumental in the Portuguese Age of Discoveries? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. Bartolomeu Dias was born around 1450. What was he famous for? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Vasco da Gama was the first European explorer to reach what region? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Ferdinand Magellan was the first explorer to circumvent the Earth. In 1521, he was killed in which island in the Philippines? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. Pedro Alvares Cabral was the explorer who discovered Brazil. In what year, did he reach Brazil? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. Afonso de Albuquerque was a skilled military commander who captured Goa in 1510 and, in 1511, what other Asian territory? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. Sponsored by the Portuguese Crown, Gaspar Corte-Real was the first to reach what region in present-day Canada around 1500? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. In 1506, Tristao da Cunha and Afonso de Albuquerque conquered what location in the Middle East? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Jorge Alvares is credited as the first Portuguese to reach what Asian region during the Age of Discovery? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. Around 1626, Estevao Cacella was a Jesuit missionary who established a mission in the Shigatse in what present-day Chinese territory? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Born in the late 14th century, who was instrumental in the Portuguese Age of Discoveries?

Answer: Infante D. Henry

Infante D. Henrique of Portugal (1394-1460) more commonly known as Prince Henry the Navigator. Born in Porto, he was the third son of King John I and Philippa of Lancaster. Despite being known as "the navigator," Henry never actually went on any voyages himself, however he financed the expeditions. He established a school for navigators and map makers.

In 1420, he was made administrator general of the Order of Christ, which gave him access to funds to fund explorations of Northern Africa. During that period, Portugal colonized the island of Madeira, the Azores, and several of the Cape Verde islands. Voyages were sent to the West African coast, many of which returned to Portugal with gold and slaves
2. Bartolomeu Dias was born around 1450. What was he famous for?

Answer: First European to sail around the southernmost tip of Africa

Bartolomeu Dias (1450-1500) was born into a royal household in the Algarve. In 1488 he became the first European to sail around the southernmost tip of Africa, which became an important trade route between Europe and India. He named the tip as Cape of Good Hope in honour of the opportunities it would provide. In 1500, he ended up caught in a storm there where he died.
3. Vasco da Gama was the first European explorer to reach what region?

Answer: India

Vasco da Gama (1460s-1524) was born in Sines. Around 1497 to 1499, he sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and reached India. He became the first European explorer to link Europe and Asia by the sea-route. He was also one of the first known Europeans to visit certain parts of Africa, like Mombasa in Kenya.
4. Ferdinand Magellan was the first explorer to circumvent the Earth. In 1521, he was killed in which island in the Philippines?

Answer: Mactan

Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) led the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522 that resulted in the first circumnavigation of the earth.

The route went down the coast of Africa, over to South America and past Patagonia, through Asia, and past the tip of Africa and back to Europe. In 1521, he converted the king and queen of Cebu to Christianity. To cement the allegiance between the explorers and the king, they were told by the king to go to the island of Mactan to kill his enemy Lapulapu. Magellan lost his life at the island. After his death, the crew made a return trip to Spain, arriving in 1522.
5. Pedro Alvares Cabral was the explorer who discovered Brazil. In what year, did he reach Brazil?

Answer: 1500

Pedro Álvares Cabral (1467-1520) was initially aiming to secure a sea route to India by following Vasco da Gama's established path around Africa. However, by navigating further west into the Atlantic, he reached the coast of Brazil, claiming the land for Portugal, which greatly expanded the Portuguese Empire. Portugal ruled Brazil for three centuries.
6. Afonso de Albuquerque was a skilled military commander who captured Goa in 1510 and, in 1511, what other Asian territory?

Answer: Malacca

Afonso de Albuquerque (1453-1515) was a general, admiral and statesman, who served as the viceroy of Portuguese India from 1509 to 1515. In 1510, he conquered Goa from Adil Shahi, the reigning dynasty of the Sultanate of Bijapur in western Deccan from 1480 to 1686. Goa became the capital of Portuguese India.

In 1511, he captured Malacca (located on the west coast of the Malay peninsula) from the Sultanate ruled by Mahmud Shah to gain control of trade in the region. The Portuguese ruled Malacca from 130 years from 1511 to 1641.
7. Sponsored by the Portuguese Crown, Gaspar Corte-Real was the first to reach what region in present-day Canada around 1500?

Answer: Newfoundland

Gaspar Corte-Real (1450-1501) was a native of Azores who initiated Portuguese claims in the North Atlantic. In 1500, he reached Greenland but could not land due to the frozen sea. Instead, he found a route to Newfoundland and possibly other parts of eastern Canada.

In 1501, he returned with three caravels to explore the Labrador coast and Hamilton inlet. Two vessels returned with native captives but his vessel was lost. In the following year, his brother Miguel went to search for him and was lost as well.
8. In 1506, Tristao da Cunha and Afonso de Albuquerque conquered what location in the Middle East?

Answer: Socotra

In 1506, Tristao da Cunha (1460-1540) was a naval commander who commanded a Portuguese fleet with his cousin Afonso de Albuquerque, conquered Socotra, an island located at the entrance of Red Sea and Muscat. In 1507, he partly explored Madagascar and discovered Mauritius.
9. Jorge Alvares is credited as the first Portuguese to reach what Asian region during the Age of Discovery?

Answer: China

In May 1513, Jorge Alvares (died 8 July 1521) sailed under the Portuguese Malacca captain Rui de Brito Patalim in a junk from Pegu (present-day Bago in Myanmar), in an expedition accompanied by five other junks. They landed on an island named Tamao (present-day western Hong Kong and Shenzhen area), hoping to establish a trade with the region.
10. Around 1626, Estevao Cacella was a Jesuit missionary who established a mission in the Shigatse in what present-day Chinese territory?

Answer: Tibet

Estevao Cacella (1585-1630) joined the Jesuits at the age of 19. In 1614, he left for India where he worked for some years in Kerala. In 1626, he and two other priests travelled from Conchin to Bengal where they spent six months, followed by a trip to Bhutan.

They eventually ended up in Tibet where they set up a mission in Shigatse (officially known as Xigaze) located near the River Brahmaputra.
Source: Author sw11

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