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Quiz about The Lusophone World
Quiz about The Lusophone World

The Lusophone World Trivia Quiz

Portuguese is an official language in 10 countries and territories on four continents. See if you can find them on a map.

A label quiz by wellenbrecher. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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3 mins
Label Quiz
Quiz #
Sep 25 23
# Qns
Avg Score
9 / 10
Top 35% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Guest 86 (7/10), Guest 89 (10/10), Guest 12 (7/10).
Angola Timor Leste Brazil Macao Portugal Equatorial Guinea São Tomé and Príncipe Mozambique Guinea-Bissau Cape Verde
* Drag / drop or click on the choices above to move them to the answer list.

Most Recent Scores
Jun 10 2024 : Guest 86: 7/10
Jun 06 2024 : Guest 89: 10/10
Jun 04 2024 : Guest 12: 7/10
Jun 02 2024 : Guest 96: 7/10
May 25 2024 : Guest 68: 10/10
May 21 2024 : Guest 192: 10/10
May 17 2024 : Jane57: 10/10
May 17 2024 : Guest 86: 7/10
May 12 2024 : Guest 73: 5/10

Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Portugal

Portuguese is a Romance language. Like other Romance languages such as Spanish, French, Italian and Romanian, Portuguese evolved from Vulgar Latin, the spoken language of the Roman Empire. Over time, Vulgar Latin evolved into distinct regional languages, including Old Portuguese.

It is not only the Portugal's official language but also the primary language spoken by the majority of its population. The language is regulated and standardized by various language institutions, such as the "Academia das Ciências de Lisboa" ("Academy of Sciences of Lisbon") and the "Instituto Camões" ("Camões Institute"). Additionally, Portuguese language education is a fundamental part of the country's curriculum, ensuring that Portuguese citizens have a strong command of their native language.

Portuguese spread to other countries primarily through a combination of colonialism, exploration, and trade during Portugal's Age of Discovery.
2. Brazil

The most significant expansion of Portuguese took place in Brazil. Portuguese explorers, led by Pedro Álvares Cabral, arrived in what is now Brazil in 1500 and claimed it for Portugal. Over the centuries, Portuguese settlers and colonists established settlements and mixed with indigenous peoples and African slaves. Portuguese became the dominant language. Today, Brazil is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world, with a distinct Brazilian Portuguese dialect. Portuguese is the country's only official language

Brazil has its own set of vocabulary that differs from European Portuguese. These differences can include slang words, idiomatic expressions, and regionalisms. It also incorporates a large number of loanwords from indigenous languages, mainly Tupi-Guarani. These loanwords often describe local flora, fauna, and customs. African words, expressions, and intonations brought through slave trade have influenced Brazilian Portuguese, particularly in music, dance, and religious practices. Brazilian Portuguese has specific pronunciation patterns that distinguish it from European Portuguese.

Despite regional variations, a standardized version of Brazilian Portuguese exists for official purposes and education. The "Academia Brasileira de Letras" ("Brazilian Academy of Letters") plays a role in preserving and promoting the Portuguese language in Brazil.
3. Cape Verde

Portuguese colonial expansion in Africa began in the 15th century, with the colonization of islands like São Tomé and Príncipe. Later, the Portuguese established colonies in Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, and other regions. Portuguese was imposed as the official language, and it remains a significant language in these African countries even after decolonization.

Portuguese is the official language of Cape Verde, a former Portuguese colony. It is used in government, education, and the media. However, Cape Verdeans also commonly speak Cape Verdean Creole (Kriolu), which is a creole language based on Portuguese with influences from African languages. Kriolu is widely spoken in daily life and is often used for informal communication. Portuguese remains the language of administration and education in Cape Verde.
4. Guinea-Bissau

Portuguese in Guinea-Bissau serves as the official language and holds a significant place in the nation's linguistic landscape. Historically, Guinea-Bissau was a Portuguese colony until gaining independence in 1973, during which time Portuguese was the colonial language. Since independence, Portuguese has continued to be the official language, used in government administration, education, and media.

Despite its official status, Guinea-Bissau is a multilingual country with a diverse array of indigenous languages, including Crioulo, Fulfulde, Mandinka, and Balanta. These languages are often used for everyday communication within communities, alongside Portuguese. However, Portuguese serves as the language of instruction in schools and higher education institutions, making it essential for accessing formal education.
5. São Tomé and Príncipe

Portuguese is the official language of São Tomé and Príncipe, a small island nation located in the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. The history of Portuguese in São Tomé and Príncipe is intertwined with colonization. The islands were uninhabited until they were discovered by Portuguese explorers in the late 15th century. The Portuguese established sugar and cocoa plantations on the islands, which were worked by enslaved Africans brought to São Tomé and Príncipe.

Over time, a Creole language known as "Forro" developed among the descendants of these enslaved Africans, blending Portuguese vocabulary with African linguistic elements. Forro is still spoken by some as a mother tongue in addition to Portuguese.

After achieving independence from Portugal in 1975, Portuguese remained the official language, and it is used in government, education, and media. The majority of the population speaks Portuguese to varying degrees, although many also speak Forro and other indigenous languages.
6. Equatorial Guinea

Portuguese is one of the official languages of Equatorial Guinea, a small country located on the west coast of Central Africa. The region was initially explored and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century. However, by the 18th century, Portugal had largely ceded control of the territory to Spain.

Equatorial Guinea gained independence from Spain in 1968 and adopted Spanish as the official language, which remains widely spoken in the country today. Portuguese, though less commonly spoken, was also recognized as an official language due to its historical significance.

Portuguese is primarily spoken by a minority of the population, particularly those with ties to the Portuguese-speaking islands of São Tomé and Príncipe or Cape Verde. In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in promoting Portuguese in Equatorial Guinea, and efforts have been made to reintroduce the language into education and government.
7. Angola

Portuguese is the official language of Angola, a country located in Southern Africa. The presence of Portuguese in Angola is a result of colonization by Portugal, which began in the late 15th century when Portuguese explorers first arrived in the region. Angola gained independence from Portugal in 1975, and Portuguese remained the official language of the newly independent nation.

Portuguese is the primary language used in government, education, media, and business in Angola. It is the language of instruction in schools and universities, and most official documents and legal proceedings are conducted in Portuguese. Additionally, the majority of Angolans are multilingual, with Portuguese often serving as a lingua franca among speakers of different indigenous languages.

Despite its status as the official language, Portuguese is not the mother tongue of the majority of Angolans. Various Bantu languages, such as Kimbundu and Kikongo, are spoken as native languages by different ethnic groups throughout the country. Portuguese is taught as a second language in schools, and its usage is more prevalent in urban areas and among the educated population.
8. Mozambique

Portuguese holds the status of the official language in Mozambique, a country located in South-eastern Africa. This linguistic prominence traces back to centuries of Portuguese colonial rule, initiated by Portuguese explorers' arrival in the late 15th century. Mozambique achieved independence from Portugal in 1975, and Portuguese remained the official language.

Portuguese is the language of government, education, and administration throughout Mozambique. It serves as the medium of instruction in educational institutions, and most official documents and legal procedures are written in Portuguese. Furthermore, Portuguese is prevalent in media, commerce, and urban centers, serving as a common language for communication among speakers of different indigenous languages.

Despite its status as the official language, Portuguese is not the mother tongue of the majority of Mozambicans. The country is linguistically diverse, with numerous indigenous languages spoken throughout the regions. Languages like Emakhuwa, Xichangana, and Elomwe are among the most widely spoken indigenous languages.
9. Macao

Portuguese traders and explorers established a presence in Asia, notably in India, Macao, Timor Leste, and parts of Indonesia. Portuguese influence in these regions led to the adoption of Portuguese loanwords and some linguistic influence, although the number of Portuguese speakers declined over time.

Portuguese in Macao, also spelled Macau, has a unique historical and linguistic context. Macao was a Portuguese colony from the 16th century until its handover to China in 1999. During this period, Portuguese became one of the official languages alongside Chinese (Cantonese). Macao has a bilingual policy, and both Chinese (Cantonese) and Portuguese are considered official languages. Portuguese continues to be used in some government documents and official communication.

In education, Portuguese is taught in schools, and there is a Portuguese School in Macao that offers education in the language. Many Macao residents, particularly the older generation, can still speak and understand Portuguese to varying degrees.
10. Timor Leste

Portuguese colonization of Timore-Leste (East Timor) began in the 16th century. Although the Dutch and then the Japanese occupied the territory during World War II, Portugal reclaimed control after the war. In 1975, East Timor declared independence but was later occupied by Indonesia. In 1999, East Timor regained independence, and Portuguese was reinstated as one of the official languages.

Portuguese in Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor, has a complex linguistic history and cultural significance. Timor-Leste was a Portuguese colony for over four centuries, from the 16th century until it declared independence in 1975. After a brief period of independence, it was invaded and occupied by Indonesia until 1999 when it regained independence.

During the Portuguese colonial era, Portuguese was the official language of administration and education, and it left a lasting impact on the country. However, during the Indonesian occupation, the use of Portuguese declined significantly. After gaining independence, Timor-Leste made Portuguese one of its official languages, along with Tetum. This decision aimed to both honor its historical ties to Portugal and promote cultural and linguistic diversity. Today, Portuguese is taught in schools, and there is an ongoing effort to revitalize its use in government and education. However, Tetum remains the more widely spoken and used language in daily life.
Source: Author wellenbrecher

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