Quiz about Physical Geography and Processes
Quiz about Physical Geography and Processes

Physical Geography and Processes Quiz


These questions focus on the processes and natural occurrences that shape our world, rather than what-is-where?. Physical geography is a wonderful science as it includes the study of biology, geology, chemistry and ecology.

A multiple-choice quiz by jesterhat. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
jesterhat
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
187,610
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
4044
Last 3 plays: Guest 109 (6/10), Guest 207 (6/10), Guest 76 (8/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. In terms of plate tectonics, what geological process is occurring underneath the Himalayas? (both in the past and right now)? Hint

Crumpling
Convergence
Divergence
Advergance

2. The process of erosion has two primary components: Weathering and __________? Hint

Deposition
Creation
Degradation
Depletion

3. Dryland salinity, resulting from the deposition of salt crystals on the earth's surface, is caused by a rise in the height of the __________? Hint

Water table
Irrigation equipment used on farms
Earth's crust
Cloud cover over farms

4. The majority of ozone depletion occurs in which layer of the atmosphere? Hint

Stratosphere
Troposphere
Ionosphere
Mesosphere

5. The seasonal downpour of torrential rain that annually moistens the equatorial and tropical zones of the earth is known as the ________? Hint

Monsoon
Typhoon
Moonlight
Summer Rains

6. Although prominent in the USA, these climatic phenomena occur all over the world. The destructive funnel of air that can form from severe storm cells I am describing is a _________. Hint

Tornado
Thunderstorm
Hurricane
Dorothy

7. The formation of algal blooms in waterways is a result of agro-chemicals running off into natural stream and river systems. This process of algal bloom formation from chemical input is known as ________? Hint

Phosphorescence
Algification
Eutrophication
Bioaccumulation

8. A leading cause of unemployment and lack of services in rural areas is a migration of people and capital towards large cities. This migration is known as ________? Hint

Rural-Urban Drift
Urbanisation
Employment Rationalisation
Economic Incentive

9. In the theory of the Global Warming, a major worldwide consequence recognised is the melting of _________? Hint

Norwegian fjords
Polar ice caps
Canada's glaciers
Alaska's drinking ice

10. As well as depleting the earth's resources at an astounding rate, which affects the ability of future generations to survive, the large-scale exploitation of fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) leads to ________? Hint

Species Extinction
Acid Rain
All of these
Land Degradation


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. In terms of plate tectonics, what geological process is occurring underneath the Himalayas? (both in the past and right now)?

Answer: Convergence

Convergence boundaries occur where two continental plates collide into one another, and one begins to force the other underneath it, causing the crust of the earth to buckle and produce mountains. This process occurs under the Himalayas, where the Indian and Eurasian plates are converging. Conversely, mountains may also form from the collision of a continental plate and a oceanic plate, where similar folding of the earth's crust occurs, however, the mountain range does not appear directly above the point of collision.

The Rocky Mountains in central USA are an example of this.
2. The process of erosion has two primary components: Weathering and __________?

Answer: Deposition

Although erosion is often presented as a destructive and unwanted process, it is actually a balanced system. While one part of the earth is gradually removed (weathering), another part of the earth is gradually being built up through the accumulation of eroded materials (deposition). Erosion is usually caused by wind or water movement.
3. Dryland salinity, resulting from the deposition of salt crystals on the earth's surface, is caused by a rise in the height of the __________?

Answer: Water table

Dryland salinity is a serious problem in the world's arid zones, and is a prime contributor to desertification. When an increase in rainfall suddenly occurs, or an overwatering of the land due to excessive irrigation, the water table underneath the land surface begins to rise and this brings dissolved salts dormant within the bedrock to the surface with it.

When this surface water evaporates, it deposits these salts, which can kill vegetation and reduce arable land to desert.
4. The majority of ozone depletion occurs in which layer of the atmosphere?

Answer: Stratosphere

Whilst the Troposphere is the layer closest to the earth's surface, where the majority of our weather occurs and where our planes fly, it is the Stratosphere that constitutes the highest percentage of ozone (the ozone layer), protecting biological systems from harmful Ultra-Violet light. Because of this abundance, it is here that chemical air pollution freely destroys ozone molecules, creating holes in the ozone layer, such as that above Antarctica.
5. The seasonal downpour of torrential rain that annually moistens the equatorial and tropical zones of the earth is known as the ________?

Answer: Monsoon

The monsoon is the 'wet-season' that hits the regions within approximately 30 degrees north and south of the equator. This 3-6 month downpour is a result of a large portion of saturated, cold air reaching the equator from the polar regions each year. The monsoon is vital to the sustenance of agriculture that occurs all over the equatorial and tropical zones.
6. Although prominent in the USA, these climatic phenomena occur all over the world. The destructive funnel of air that can form from severe storm cells I am describing is a _________.

Answer: Tornado

Tornadoes, or twisters, form when a parcel of cold air collides with a parcel of warm air over land and begins to rotate due to the pressure differences between the two parcels. If the pressure difference is great enough, and provided there is sufficient energy from a parent storm cell, a tornado may reach the ground where it will destroy virtually everything in its path as it travels across the land with wind speeds of up to 300km per hour.
7. The formation of algal blooms in waterways is a result of agro-chemicals running off into natural stream and river systems. This process of algal bloom formation from chemical input is known as ________?

Answer: Eutrophication

Eutrophication results in algal blooms (or blue-green algae) forming on the surface of streams, lakes and rivers. Algal blooms are a type of plant matter that feed off nitrates and phosphates from agricultural runoff (fertilisers, pesticides, animal dung, machinery fluids) and grow to cover the entire surface of the water body.

This prevents light and oxygen from entering the water, which can kill aquatic plants and animals.
8. A leading cause of unemployment and lack of services in rural areas is a migration of people and capital towards large cities. This migration is known as ________?

Answer: Rural-Urban Drift

Rural-Urban Drift is the phenomena which sees a large portion of young people move away from rural areas to large cities, where there are more job opportunities, more services, and more social inter-activities. This exodus of labour and knowledge leads to large-scale unemployment, a depletion of services and often the 'death' of rural towns and their way of life.
9. In the theory of the Global Warming, a major worldwide consequence recognised is the melting of _________?

Answer: Polar ice caps

Man-made Global Warming, if the hypothesis is accurate, would/will result in an increase of global sea-surface temperatures. While these changes (1-2 degrees in 10 years) do not seem much, this change is enough to drastically alter global climate patterns and begin to melt the polar ice caps in the Arctic Circle and Antarctica. The melting will further result in sea-level rises which could flood low-lying coastal cities such as Sydney or Los Angeles.

There is an assumption that the melting of the floating ice in the Arctic will not raise sea levels. Due to the salinity of sea water, and the relative non-salinity of the floating ice, that assumption is incorrect.
10. As well as depleting the earth's resources at an astounding rate, which affects the ability of future generations to survive, the large-scale exploitation of fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) leads to ________?

Answer: All of these

The over-exploitation of the earth's natural resources, particularly non-renewable fossil fuels, is fraught with environmental cost despite the economic benefits it produces. Coal mining can destroy arable land for decades to come and lead to habitat loss and species extinction.

The combustion of coal and oil releases sulphurous compounds into the atmosphere which creates acid rain. And to top it off, the world is forced to listen to the Dixie Chicks whinge about the environment everyday. Are these prices worth the profits any one generation makes?
Source: Author jesterhat

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