Quiz about An Inside Look at Personality Traits
Quiz about An Inside Look at Personality Traits

An Inside Look at Personality Traits Quiz


Psychologists have many terms to describe enduring features of human personality, known as traits. Many different models of personality traits exist. See how well you can identify some of these terms.

A multiple-choice quiz by agentofchaos. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
agentofchaos
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
362,547
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
831
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
Last 3 plays: RebeccaQ (7/10), HeidiErdahl (6/10), jackslade (9/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. One of the most well known models of personality traits is called the "Big Five", which identifies five broad super-traits useful for understanding personality. Which of the Big Five personality factors is associated with curiosity, artistic interests, and liberal values? Hint

Openness to experience
Neuroticism
Extraversion
Agreeableness

2. An alternative model to the Big Five, proposed by Hans Eysenck, consists of only three major factors. Which of the following traits does not form part of Eysenck's model of personality? Hint

Sensation-seeking
Neuroticism
Extraversion
Psychoticism

3. Which of the following traits does NOT form part of the "dark triad" of antisocial traits? Hint

Psychopathy
Machiavellianism
Narcissism
Honesty-humility

4. Which of the Big Five personality factors has been most strongly linked with having any mental disorder? Hint

Conscientiousness
Extraversion
Openness to experience
Neuroticism

5. Robert Cloninger developed the Temperament and Character model of personality as an alternative to the Big Five. Which trait in this model is linked with spiritual ideas such as experiencing a sense of oneness with the universe? Hint

Cooperativeness
Novelty seeking
Self-directedness
Self-transcendence

6. What trait concept was developed to help understand individual differences in hypnotic susceptibility? Hint

Absorption
Fantasy proneness
Schizotypy
Need for cognition

7. Timothy Leary, the Harvard psychologist who later became notorious for his involvement in LSD research, was a pioneer in the development of what personality model? Hint

Self-determination theory
The Myers-Briggs test
The interpersonal circumplex
Terror management theory

8. Which trait has been proposed in recent years as a sixth factor of personality in addition to the more well-known Big Five? Hint

Need for closure
Honesty-humility
Conservatism
Interpersonal dominance

9. Since the 1960s, claims have been made that psychedelic drugs have mind-expanding or mind-opening properties. In a widely publicised 2011 study, volunteers who had never taken psychedelics before were administered the drug psilocybin, the active ingredient in "magic mushrooms". A follow up performed 14 months later found that they had undergone a sustained increase in what major personality factor? Hint

Openness to experience
Neuroticism
Authoritarianism
Freakiness

10. What personality trait is most strongly and consistently linked with academic and occupational performance? Hint

Conscientiousness
Neuroticism
Conservation
Narcissism


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. One of the most well known models of personality traits is called the "Big Five", which identifies five broad super-traits useful for understanding personality. Which of the Big Five personality factors is associated with curiosity, artistic interests, and liberal values?

Answer: Openness to experience

Openness to experience, as the name suggests, is concerned with one's receptivity and liking for new and unfamiliar things. Artists and scientists tend to be high in openness. The Big Five factor missing from the four answers is called conscientiousness.
2. An alternative model to the Big Five, proposed by Hans Eysenck, consists of only three major factors. Which of the following traits does not form part of Eysenck's model of personality?

Answer: Sensation-seeking

Sensation-seeking concerns one's desire for stimulation and novelty. This trait does not seem to fit in neatly with either Eysenck's model or the Big Five. Eysenck argued that agreeableness and conscientiousness from the Big Five are components (at the low end) of a broader trait he called psychoticism, which refers to a general tendency to disregard social norms. Eysenck did not think that openness to experience was really a personality trait at all, as he thought it represents an aspect of cognitive ability.
3. Which of the following traits does NOT form part of the "dark triad" of antisocial traits?

Answer: Honesty-humility

The "dark triad" is a name coined to refer to a trio of traits associated with antisocial and offensive behaviour. Psychopathy refers to disregard for the rights of others. Narcissism refers to a grandiose sense of one's importance and superiority to others. Machiavellianism refers to willingness to manipulate others for one's own self-aggrandisement, and is named after philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli, who advocated political ruthlessness. People who show high levels of honesty and humility tend to be low in all the dark triad traits.
4. Which of the Big Five personality factors has been most strongly linked with having any mental disorder?

Answer: Neuroticism

The name of this trait provides a clue, as it refers to one's tendency to be neurotic, i.e. emotionally disturbed. Extraversion and conscientiousness tend to have a positive influence on mental health, whereas openness to experience tends to be more neutral.
5. Robert Cloninger developed the Temperament and Character model of personality as an alternative to the Big Five. Which trait in this model is linked with spiritual ideas such as experiencing a sense of oneness with the universe?

Answer: Self-transcendence

The name of this trait provides a clue, as many spiritual traditions talk about transcending the boundaries of the individual self in order to have an experience of being part of a greater reality. Cloninger's model features four "temperament" traits, thought to be inborn, and three "character" traits, thought to be shaped by experience. Self-transcendence is considered to be one of the character traits, along with cooperativeness and self-directedness.
6. What trait concept was developed to help understand individual differences in hypnotic susceptibility?

Answer: Absorption

Absorption is defined as a person's tendency to experience episodes of "total attention" when they seem captured by some stimulus, whether internal or external. Feelings of absorption can occur in response to beautiful music, a sunset, or deep meditation for example. People prone to absorption tend to respond to hypnosis more readily than others. Absorption is related to fantasy proneness, but the latter concept was not developed to help understand hypnotisability. Schizotypy refers to a person's tendency to have peculiar experiences that resemble mild symptoms of schizophrenia or psychosis. Need for cognition refers to enjoyment of intellectual activity.
7. Timothy Leary, the Harvard psychologist who later became notorious for his involvement in LSD research, was a pioneer in the development of what personality model?

Answer: The interpersonal circumplex

The interpersonal circumplex refers to a set of traits describing how a person relates to other people, such as whether a person is generally dominant versus submissive, and warm versus cold. Timothy Leary wrote an influential book about this subject in 1957 called "Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality" while he was still a respectable psychologist.
8. Which trait has been proposed in recent years as a sixth factor of personality in addition to the more well-known Big Five?

Answer: Honesty-humility

In the last decade or so, some psychologists have argued that the traits comprising honesty and humility together form a major dimension of personality that is distinct from the other more well-established Big Five factors.
9. Since the 1960s, claims have been made that psychedelic drugs have mind-expanding or mind-opening properties. In a widely publicised 2011 study, volunteers who had never taken psychedelics before were administered the drug psilocybin, the active ingredient in "magic mushrooms". A follow up performed 14 months later found that they had undergone a sustained increase in what major personality factor?

Answer: Openness to experience

This finding was published in a paper called "Mystical experiences occasioned by the hallucinogen psilocybin lead to increases in the personality domain of openness." Participants were assessed on all of the Big Five traits before taking the drug and again 14 months later. Openness to experience was the only personality factor that changed significantly, suggesting that psilocybin may well indeed be "mind-opening." The term "Freakiness" I just made up! Authoritarianism was not assessed in this study, but tends to be associated with low levels of openness to experience.
10. What personality trait is most strongly and consistently linked with academic and occupational performance?

Answer: Conscientiousness

Conscientiousness is associated with self-discipline and achievement motivation. Highly conscientious people work hard to achieve their goals and so tend to earn higher grades at school and to be rated as better workers by supervisors than less conscientious people, who may be more laid back but have lower standards. "Conservation" is not an actual personality trait as far as I know.
Source: Author agentofchaos

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