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Roman Law Trivia

Roman Law Trivia Quizzes

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5 Roman Law quizzes and 65 Roman Law trivia questions.
  The Constitutions of the Roman Republic    
Multiple Choice
 25 Qns
Check your knowledge on Roman civil and military constitutions. Good luck!
Difficult, 25 Qns, Kserkso, Feb 13 09
455 plays
  Roman Law of Contracts    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Another installment on the neverchanging, exciting world of Roman Law...
Tough, 10 Qns, foregone, May 24 07
904 plays
  Roman Law: Family and the person    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Here's a small quiz on basic Roman Family Law, I hope you enjoy it.
Tough, 10 Qns, snowdaemon, Dec 27 13
623 plays
  Roman Law of Things    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
The questions in this quiz cover Roman Law as it was up to an including Justinian's modifications to classical law. There are a lot of Latin legal terms so prepare yourself.
Difficult, 10 Qns, foregone, May 24 07
441 plays
  Roman Law    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz focuses on Roman Law between the time of the Twelve Tables and Justinian. Enjoy!
Tough, 10 Qns, kiriana, May 24 07
694 plays
trivia question Quick Question
What year was Octavian given the title that he took as Emperor?

From Quiz "Roman History, Part III"

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Roman Law Trivia Questions

1. How many centuriae did the Comitia Centuriata consist of?

From Quiz
The Constitutions of the Roman Republic

Answer: 193

The Comitia was divided into five classes according to financial status. It elected consuls, censors and praetors. By the mid-Republic it had completely lost its military character becoming entirely an elective body.

2. Which type of contract, one of the oldest in Roman law, allowed a creditor to enslave, execute or sell a debtor across Roman borders if he failed to repay the debt?

From Quiz Roman Law of Contracts

Answer: Nexum

'Nexum' was the predecessor to 'mutuum'. In terms of this a person would hand themselves over to the creditor as hostage and as such entitle them to the above if they failed to repay the debt. In 326 BC, however, the 'Lex Poetelia' was passed which ameliorated the punishments. This, in turn, meant that the contract became less popular.

3. Did the "pater familias" have the legal power to kill those under his "potestas"?

From Quiz Roman Law: Family and the person

Answer: Yes, but only in the pre-classical period

As a matter of fact, the "pater familias" did have the power of life and death over those under his "potestas" throughout the archaic period and even during the classical period. As the years passed, the power of life and death was restricted only to corporal punishments, and even then, such punishments could only be enacted with a permission from the authorities and avoiding excessive violence.

4. What is the modern day equivalent of "furtum"?

From Quiz Roman Law

Answer: Theft

The Romans believed in honour, thus, there was a more severe punishment if the person was caught in the act of stealing, as this was seen as a greater insult to the person from whom the object had been stolen.

5. The office of censor was considered a high point of one's political career. How many censors could there be in any one term of office?

From Quiz The Constitutions of the Roman Republic

Answer: 2

Either of the two had the power to veto the other's decision. They looked after the morals of the people and could remove a senator if they considered him to be a menace to the curia. They could also forbid the derivation of a certain religious custom if they thought it was bad for public morals or that it was "anti-Roman".

6. The 'Lex Rhodia de iactu', otherwise known as the Rhodian law, provided for situations where a ship's captain had to jettison cargo to lighten the load on a ship. On whom did it place the immediate liability for this loss?

From Quiz Roman Law of Contracts

Answer: The ship's captain

The owner of the cargo could institute action to recover the losses from the ship's captain, thereby making him immediately liable. On the bright side, the captain could institute action against the owners of all the other cargo in order to distribute the loss proportionately. This law did not apply if the cargo was eventually saved though.

7. What was the legal status of a woman married "cum manus" with regard to her husband's "potestas"?

From Quiz Roman Law: Family and the person

Answer: She became a "filiae loco"

After a "cum manus" marriage took place, the wife became a "filiae loco", assimilated in legal status to her own children (as a "daughter" of her husband). Her father lost his "potestas" over her.

8. Which toga did the censors wore?

From Quiz The Constitutions of the Roman Republic

Answer: toga praetexta

They wore a 'toga praetexta' and sat in the 'curule chair'.

9. Gaius wishes to sell his horse to Flavius, however he wants to rent the same horse from Flavius for a period of 2 weeks after the sale. Which form of delivery would best suit him?

From Quiz Roman Law of Things

Answer: Constitutum Possessorium

All the above are forms of delivery, however 'Constitutum Possessorium' does not require the immediate handing over of the thing to the buyer and so would suit Gaius best.

10. What is the name of the traditional wedding ceremony celebrated by the patricians?

From Quiz Roman Law: Family and the person

Answer: "Confarreatio"

The "confarreatio" was an elaborate ceremony used by patricians to celebrate a religious marriage.

11. Why is the jurist Gaius so well known?

From Quiz Roman Law

Answer: His works are some of the only original legal texts that survive

Much of the jurist's work was incorporated into the Institutes of Justinian, where it was changed. However, a copy of the Institutes of Gaius was discovered in Verona in 1816, giving an insight into early Roman Law.

12. If a purchaser found a latent defect in the thing which he purchased, what two actions would be available to him?

From Quiz Roman Law of Contracts

Answer: 'actio redhibitoria' and 'actio quanti minoris'

The 'actio redhibitoria', known in English as the redhibitory action, allowed the buyer to claim a return of performances by which he/she would return the object of the sale and he/she would receive the purchase price back. This was used where the latent defect was so material he could not use the thing for the purpose it was bought. The 'actio quanti minoris' on the other hand was an action which allowed a reduction in the purchase price, and therefore the purchaser could recover some of the purchase price he/she paid.

13. Emperor Hadrian ruled that a person accidentally finding a treasure trove on another's land became what?

From Quiz Roman Law of Things

Answer: Owner of half the trove. The owner of the land owned the other half.

Different rules applied if the person did not find the treasure trove accidentally. While the current day definition and law regarding treasure troves differ under the different countries and legal systems, the definitions commonly define it as property concealed purposefully and of which the owner can be considered dead.

14. What were the requisites to obtain a divorce from a "sine manus" union?

From Quiz Roman Law: Family and the person

Answer: Only the consent of both parties

The only requisite needed to obtain a divorce from a "sine manus" union was mutual consent. The relative simplicity of the "sine manus" divorce is one the factors which contributed to its becoming the most popular legal union in later roman periods.

15. What did the first book of the Institutes of Gaius relate to?

From Quiz Roman Law

Answer: Persons

Most Roman texts followed a logicl pattern. They were divided in such a way that principles were easy to remember.

16. What name was given to a political alliance between two politicians that united their voting units?

From Quiz The Constitutions of the Roman Republic

Answer: coitio

'Coitio' was usually used between rivals in an attempt to outrun their mutual enemies. 'Coempti'o and 'confarreatio' were two types of marriages in Rome, while a 'cest' was a Roman boxing glove.

17. What is a "sine connubium" marriage?

From Quiz Roman Law: Family and the person

Answer: A marriage celebrated between a Roman citizen and a Peregrin

"Sine connubium" was the only mechanism for an international couple to become married under the Roman legal system. The problem was that as long as one of the parties lacked the "Ius connubium" such a union would not have civil efects.

18. The office of an aedil was an launch-pad for young politicans. There were two types of aediles. What were they?

From Quiz The Constitutions of the Roman Republic

Answer: plebeian and curule

The aediles were responsible for city's grain supply, for public morals, they supervised markets and, most importantly, they organized public games. If the games were pleasing, an aedil could candidate for a higher office. Curule aediles could preside over civil disputes involving money and commerce and be escorted by two lictors, while the plebeian aedil could only fine citizens for infractions.

19. Which action would you use to get something which you owned back from a thief?

From Quiz Roman Law of Things

Answer: Rei vindicatio

Which means 'the vindication of a thing'. As the South African legal system is primarily Roman-Dutch common law, this action forms an integral part in its modern day Law of Things.

20. Could two people of the same sex be legally married under Roman law?

From Quiz Roman Law: Family and the person

Answer: No, one of the "de facto" requisites was difference in gender.

One of the "de facto" requisites to be married lay in the "capacitas ad naturam" which implied different sexes. One must take into account that for the Romans the purpose of marriage was plainly reproductive.

21. The equites formed the upper middle class. How many centuriae did they have in the comitia centuriata?

From Quiz The Constitutions of the Roman Republic

Answer: 18

They sometimes had the privilege to vote first, but lost that right once their military function was lost. Publicani, bankers, money lenders and lessees belonged to the equestrian order.

22. What is a usufruct, or 'usufructus'?

From Quiz Roman Law of Things

Answer: The right to use, and receive the fruits of, the property of another.

The usufruct includes the 'ius utendi' and the 'ius fruendi', namely the right to use and to the fruits of the property. One could only, generally, acquire a usufruct over a non-consumable thing. If these rights were extended over consumables it would be termed a quasi-usufruct.

23. As a GENERAL rule at what age did the person become "puber"?

From Quiz Roman Law: Family and the person

Answer: 12 years (F) and 14 years (M)

As a general rule, the person ceased to be an "impuber" at age 12 for the females and age 14 for the males. As an exception, people could be declared "puber" before they had reached the regular age limit, but such a declaration required thorough physical testing and a special legal procedure.

24. Dictators were appointed when the state was greatly threatened. They were appointed for a period of six months, had 24 lictors and were not held responsible for their actions during their dictatorship. When was the last LEGAL dictator appointed?

From Quiz The Constitutions of the Roman Republic

Answer: 202 BC

Gaius Servilius Geminus served as dictator in 202 BC. Sulla's and Caesar's dictatorship is NOT considered legal. In 365 BC Marcus Furius Camillus was appointed dictator.

25. When one has a servitude over the land of another this right can be broadly classified as a what?

From Quiz Roman Law of Things

Answer: ius in rem aliena

'Ius in rem aliena' means a right over the property of another. 'Ius in rem propria' means a right over your own thing/property. An 'actio in rem' is a legal action. 'Res extra commercium' are things which cannot be owned as they are 'things outside of commerce'.

26. The "adrogatio" was a form of:

From Quiz Roman Law: Family and the person

Answer: Adoption

By the process of the "adrogatio", one "pater familias" adopted another "pater" along with all of his "domus". The "adrogatio" was a formal celebration which took place before the "Comitia" and which had to be accompanied by "Pontifex's" approval.

27. Why has Roman Law never really had that much of an impact on English Law?

From Quiz Roman Law

Answer: English Law was already well established

The English Common Law was so well established by the time of what can be referred to as the "second life" of Roman Law, that there was no need to implement Roman Law. However, there was some impact on Scottish Law.

28. A bundle of rods tied together with a red band around an axe was called:

From Quiz The Constitutions of the Roman Republic

Answer: a fasces

Fasces were carried by lictors and simbolized a magistrate's power to prescribe death or a physical punishment for the accused.

29. 'Nuda proprietas' best describes the position of whom?

From Quiz Roman Law of Things

Answer: The person who owns a property subject to a usufruct.

'Nuda proprietas' means bare ownership. As the usufructuary has the right to use and the right to the fruits of a thing, the owner doesn't have all that much left.

30. What did the Roman citizen recover when making use of the "Ius Postliminii"?

From Quiz Roman Law: Family and the person

Answer: His full legal status, with the exception of his marriage and the "corpus" requisite of the possesion

By the figure of the "ius postliminii" the Roman citizen which had been presumed killed or captured in battle, could return to Rome and regain his previous legal status alongside all of his properties. The exceptions were his marriage (given that the usus had been interrupted) and the possesions.

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