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Quiz about Approaches to Organizational Behaviour
Quiz about Approaches to Organizational Behaviour

Approaches to Organizational Behaviour Quiz


This quiz will deal with the major theories and research methods of organizational behaviour. Information was verified by "Organizational Behaviour: Managing People and Organizations" (Moorhead & Griffin).

A multiple-choice quiz by InflectionPt. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
InflectionPt
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
247,855
Updated
Dec 22 22
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
6 / 10
Plays
2185
Last 3 plays: PurpleComet (7/10), HumblePie7 (5/10), Guest 188 (5/10).
Question 1 of 10
1. Scientific management was one of the first approaches to the study of management. Who is most closely identified with scientific management? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. Scholars of scientific management used theories developed by a very well-known economist and author, who wrote the classic work "The Wealth of Nations". Who was this author? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Max Weber and Henri Fayol developed a theory of management and organizational behaviour called "classical organization theory". What was the goal of this theory? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Between 1927 and 1932, research was conducted that was a catalyst for a completely revolutionized way of looking at management and organizational behaviour. What was this research called? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. The next stage of organizational behaviour thought is known as the Human Relations Movement. One theorist, who is also a psychologist associated with the humanist branch of therapy, created a "hierarchy of needs" to understand more about employees' needs and satisfaction. Who was this psychologist? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. Contemporary organizational behaviour focuses on maintaining employee satisfaction and quality of work. It takes insights from many different fields. Which of the following fields of study is LEAST likely to benefit someone interested in organizational behaviour? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. A theory of contemporary organizational behaviour is the systems perspective. What is a basic premise of this theory? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. All of these theories didn't just pop up by themselves--people had to research them. In conducting research on organizational behaviour, the universally known scientific research approach is used. What is the first step in this approach? Think of doing a regular science experiment or lab. What needs to be done first? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Which of the following research methods is used in organizational behaviour? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. Approximately when did organizational behaviour emerge as a formal field of study, theory, and research? Hint



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Most Recent Scores
May 23 2024 : PurpleComet: 7/10
May 18 2024 : HumblePie7: 5/10
May 14 2024 : Guest 188: 5/10
May 05 2024 : Guest 89: 6/10
Apr 26 2024 : Guest 172: 8/10

Score Distribution

quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Scientific management was one of the first approaches to the study of management. Who is most closely identified with scientific management?

Answer: Frederick Taylor

Abraham Maslow and Carl Jung are both psychologists (Maslow contributed some valuable theories to a later stage of management studies), and Henry Mintzberg is a Canadian scholar of organization design. Frederick Taylor wrote the book "Principles of Scientific Management", and is considered the key player in the development of scientific management.
2. Scholars of scientific management used theories developed by a very well-known economist and author, who wrote the classic work "The Wealth of Nations". Who was this author?

Answer: Adam Smith

Adam Smith had some valuable insights for scientific management enthusiasts in "The Wealth of Nations". In this book, Smith lays the foundations for job specialization, a key factor in efficient scientific management, which focuses on maximizing worker productivity. Smith uses the example of pin-making.

He explains that instead of each worker in a pin factory performing each assembly task himself (e.g. cutting the wire for the pin, shaping it, etc.), productivity can be increased if the tasks are divided up, with one worker cutting all the wire for all the pins, and the next worker shaping all the pins.

This was the foundation for the modern assembly line, and it dramatically improved productivity in most organizations when put into practice by scientific managers.
3. Max Weber and Henri Fayol developed a theory of management and organizational behaviour called "classical organization theory". What was the goal of this theory?

Answer: To group and structure organizations favorably

Max Weber developed a bureaucratic structure during this time that he believed would work for all types of organizations. Modern students of organizational behaviour understand that there is never one "best" way of doing things that will work in every single organization all over the world!
4. Between 1927 and 1932, research was conducted that was a catalyst for a completely revolutionized way of looking at management and organizational behaviour. What was this research called?

Answer: The Hawthorne Studies

The Hawthorne Studies, which took place in Chicago, helped management researchers to realize that wages or financial incentives were not necessarily the most important motivating factor for employees. An employee may be receiving a huge salary from a company, but still hate the job because he or she does not like the work, or has problems relating to the boss or coworkers.
These studies led to a complete turnaround in the focus of organizational behaviour research. Researchers began to focus on employee satisfaction, instead of just the success of the organization.
5. The next stage of organizational behaviour thought is known as the Human Relations Movement. One theorist, who is also a psychologist associated with the humanist branch of therapy, created a "hierarchy of needs" to understand more about employees' needs and satisfaction. Who was this psychologist?

Answer: Abraham Maslow

Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs is very famous. He identified five levels of needs that he believed people needed to have satisfied in order to be content and well-adjusted individuals. Once the first level of needs was met, the person would focus on having the next level of needs met. Maslow believed that this hierarchy of needs would enable employers to motivate their employees with more understanding.
6. Contemporary organizational behaviour focuses on maintaining employee satisfaction and quality of work. It takes insights from many different fields. Which of the following fields of study is LEAST likely to benefit someone interested in organizational behaviour?

Answer: Veterinary medicine

Studying politics enables managers to understand power and political behaviour that occurs in organizations. Anthropology, the study of cultures, assists managers who want to structure their organization effectively, as well as improve organizational culture. Psychology helps managers to understand employees' individual differences, characteristics, and needs. Veterinary medicine, however, does not focus on insights into the behaviour of people or organizations.
7. A theory of contemporary organizational behaviour is the systems perspective. What is a basic premise of this theory?

Answer: All of these

While organizations following contemporary organizational behaviour primarily focus on how the organization is structured and fits together harmoniously, competition and efficiency are also extremely important to organizations as well, making all aspects of the systems theory crucial.
8. All of these theories didn't just pop up by themselves--people had to research them. In conducting research on organizational behaviour, the universally known scientific research approach is used. What is the first step in this approach? Think of doing a regular science experiment or lab. What needs to be done first?

Answer: Identifying a question or problem that needs to be solved

The first step in the scientific research process is identifying a problem or question that needs to be solved--otherwise, your research won't really have a focus. After doing a literature review to see what other researchers have written about your problem or question, you can develop a hypothesis.
9. Which of the following research methods is used in organizational behaviour?

Answer: All of these

A field survey usually takes the form of a questionnaire or survey that is distributed among a random sampling of the population. During a laboratory experiment, the researcher simulates a real-life situation that he or she wants to study, but has the advantage of being able to maniuplate most of the variables involved in the experiment.

A field experiment is similar to a laboratory experiment, except that it occurs in real-life, instead of just being simulated. The researcher has little to no control over the outcome and conduct of this type of experiment.
10. Approximately when did organizational behaviour emerge as a formal field of study, theory, and research?

Answer: Around 1900

Although management in some form or another has been around as long as people have, people never felt the need to research management because they assumed business people already knew everything there was to know about it. However, the early 1900s, beginning with the scientific management era, was when researchers began to turn their attention to the practice of management.
Thank you for taking my first quiz! Hope you enjoyed.
Source: Author InflectionPt

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