Quiz about How Adults Learn
Quiz about How Adults Learn

How Adults Learn Trivia Quiz


Have you ever thought about going back to college as an adult? Here's what you should know about adult learning.

A multiple-choice quiz by pagiedamon. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
pagiedamon
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
293,497
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
6295
Awards
Top 5% quiz!
Last 3 plays: Guest 86 (7/10), Guest 131 (3/10), Guest 172 (10/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. Adult students tend to have certain similarities. For example, they are usually independent. What is NOT typically true of adult learners? Hint

They have practical experience in one or more fields
They need to know how learning pertains to real life
They are confident about being in school
They are driven by goals

2. When are adult learners most likely to become interested and enthused in a college class? Hint

When they are given deadlines to complete tasks
When they are allowed to discuss their life experiences
While the instructor is lecturing
When the content being taught is very easy

3. Like many younger students, the majority of adults also dislike being in school.

True
False

4. Which type of teaching practice, aimed at adult students, have researchers found to be the most beneficial? Hint

"Hands on" learning
Direct instruction
Text book learning
Lecture

5. What is the science of adult learning called? Hint

Pedagogy
None of these
Psychology
Andragogy

6. Which of the following is a major aspect of how adults learn new information? Hint

They make connections between new content and prior knowledge
They form new sequences of thoughts
They begin with rote memorization, which is initially successful
They take detailed notes

7. For adults to actually acquire knowledge, learning must be all of the following EXCEPT: Hint

Repetitive
Conceptual
Contextual
Sequential

8. Adults, like children, learn in many different ways. Which is not a generally identified learning style? Hint

Visual-spatial intelligence
Intuitive intelligence
Linguistic intelligence
Logical-mathematical intelligence

9. What is the greatest learning obstacle for adults who return to school? Hint

Lack of time due to work and family
Lack of interest in learning new concepts
Too old to learn how to use technology
Over-confidence in their abilities

10. If you are an adult who is contemplating going back to college, which of these might be the reason for your decision? Hint

All of these
To gain knowledge/skills
To advance in the workplace
Personal satisfaction


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Adult students tend to have certain similarities. For example, they are usually independent. What is NOT typically true of adult learners?

Answer: They are confident about being in school

According to Malcolm Knowles, andragogy theorist, adult students tend to be "self-directed", though they appreciate assistance from instructors. They typically have rich life experiences and have worked in the public or private sector for a number of years. Due to their hands-on experiences, they have a lot to offer in an educational setting. Also, they usually return to college to meet personal goals.

While they may enjoy learning for its own merit, few have the luxury to pay for classes just because the subject is interesting.

While many of them have been successful in their professional lives, and are highly intelligent, most adult learners are not confident when they first return to school. They may feel that they are too old or too out of touch with current educational practices--especially in the area of technology. (Stephen Lieb, 1991).
2. When are adult learners most likely to become interested and enthused in a college class?

Answer: When they are allowed to discuss their life experiences

Adult learners prefer to participate in class, as opposed to listening to lectures. They want to share the vast store of knowledge they have accumulated over the years. Once they realize that their experiences and knowledge are useful and meaningful, they gain confidence in their own abilities.
3. Like many younger students, the majority of adults also dislike being in school.

Answer: False

Unlike their younger counterparts, adults usually have more of a choice when deciding to go to college. The ones who hate school do not go back. The ones who decide to go back at an older age may be intimidated, but they don't dislike school. Whether they love the subject or are highly motivated by their personal goals, the adult learner WANTS to be in school.
4. Which type of teaching practice, aimed at adult students, have researchers found to be the most beneficial?

Answer: "Hands on" learning

Adult students, with their financial and familial obligations, may not always come to class wide-eyed and bushy-tailed. Adults typically take evening classes, after having already worked a full day and/or making arrangements for their children. Therefore, constant reading, direct instruction, and/or lecture may cause many adults to lose focus and "zone out". Adults need hands-on, reality-based experiences to make learning meaningful. Stephen Brookfield notes, "...almost every textbook on adult education practice affirms the importance of experiential methods such as games, simulations, case studies, psychodrama, role play and internships". (International Encyclopedia of Education, 2008).
5. What is the science of adult learning called?

Answer: Andragogy

Both Alexander Kapp and Malcolm Knowles, researchers in the field of adult learning, used the term andragogy to describe the teaching of adults. The word is meant to be a meaningful counterpart to pedagogy, which relates to the science of children's learning.
6. Which of the following is a major aspect of how adults learn new information?

Answer: They make connections between new content and prior knowledge

Like children, adults establish new knowledge by building upon what they already know. Unlike children, adults have a much broader knowledge base to build upon. This is usually an unconscious process, with the learner rarely aware of when he or she has fully grasped a topic. Learning is also comprised of physiological processes, which involve "intricate arrangements of cell materials, electrical charges, and chemical elements" as well as a major use of brain power and energy. (Marcia L. Conner, "How Adults Learn," 1995).
7. For adults to actually acquire knowledge, learning must be all of the following EXCEPT:

Answer: Repetitive

Contextual learning refers to learning that is based upon real-life experiences. An example would be teaching Education students the literacy concept of "persuasive writing" by having the students write a persuasive letter to parents (such as they would do in real life). Conceptual learning, on the other hand, stresses that learning is based upon students' ability to structure their knowledge in a linear sequence and then mentally picture each sequence. Finally, learning must be sequential--each idea building on and enriching the previous idea.

Adults can use repetition in limited capacity, but memorization rarely correlates to actual learning.
8. Adults, like children, learn in many different ways. Which is not a generally identified learning style?

Answer: Intuitive intelligence

The theory of multiple intelligences was developed by Dr. Howard Gardner in 1983. Gardner was an education professor at Harvard University. He proposed that children and adults acquire knowledge using various intelligences, which he outlined as:

Linguistic intelligence ("word smart")
Logical-mathematical intelligence ("number/reasoning smart")
Spatial intelligence ("picture smart")
Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence ("body smart")
Musical intelligence ("music smart")
Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart")
Intrapersonal intelligence ("self smart")
Naturalist intelligence ("nature smart")

(Thomas Armstrong, PhD, 2000)
9. What is the greatest learning obstacle for adults who return to school?

Answer: Lack of time due to work and family

In 2005, the National Adult Learning Survey (NALS) identified the leading obstacles faced by adult learners: lack of time due to employment reasons (45%) and family obligations (32%).
10. If you are an adult who is contemplating going back to college, which of these might be the reason for your decision?

Answer: All of these

A segment of adults who enroll in college do so because it is required for continued employment. This is an unfortunate trend for those who would not have returned otherwise. For many other adults, however, returning to college allows them to "move up" in their field.

It also enables them to learn new skills and expand their existing knowledge. Finally, the personal satisfaction one gains from succeeding in the academic environment is reason enough for many.
Source: Author pagiedamon

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