FREE! Click here to Join FunTrivia. Thousands of games, quizzes, and lots more!
Quiz about Essential Medicines For Children
Quiz about Essential Medicines For Children

Essential Medicines For Children Quiz


The World Health Organization lists some medicines which are essential for a health care system to have for children. How much do you know about them?

A multiple-choice quiz by Saleo. Estimated time: 3 mins.
  1. Home
  2. »
  3. Quizzes
  4. »
  5. Science Trivia
  6. »
  7. Miscellaneous Health
  8. »
  9. Prescription Drugs

Author
Saleo
Time
3 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
369,319
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
1051
Last 3 plays: Guest 216 (7/10), Guest 96 (6/10), Guest 96 (4/10).
- -
Question 1 of 10
1. Among anesthetics, propofol is listed as an essential medicine for children. How is propofol commonly administered? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. Acetaminophen is listed as a drug for pain and palliative care. What is the other name for acetaminophen? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Another drug listed for palliative care is a benzodiazepine. Which of the following is a benzodiazepine? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Which of the following drugs can be used in anaphylaxis? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. This one listed is not exactly a drug. But which of the following is named as an important entity in antidotes and other substances used in poisoning? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. Which of the following drugs do you think can be listed as an anti-epileptic drug? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. This particular drug, albendazole, is what type of antibiotic? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. Rifampicin is listed as an essential drug for the treatment of which bacterial disease? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Fluconazole is listed as an antibiotic drug to be used against what infection? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. Cyclosporin, a listed immunosuppressant drug would probably be used in what? Hint





Most Recent Scores
Dec 02 2023 : Guest 216: 7/10
Nov 27 2023 : Guest 96: 6/10
Nov 27 2023 : Guest 96: 4/10
Nov 26 2023 : Guest 142: 8/10
Nov 12 2023 : mrexley: 7/10
Nov 10 2023 : rahul0: 5/10
Oct 30 2023 : catbrain: 10/10
Oct 24 2023 : nasty_liar: 9/10
Oct 16 2023 : GLitsmyt: 9/10

Score Distribution

quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Among anesthetics, propofol is listed as an essential medicine for children. How is propofol commonly administered?

Answer: Intravenously

Propofol is a widely used anesthetic agent in surgeries. It is used as an inductive and maintenance agent. It is short acting. The main side effect of this drug is pain in the vein of injection. Other adverse effects are hypotension and vasodilation.

In children, propofol can be used in sedation - before, during and after surgery. It used to alleviate their anxiety during procedures like an MRI scan and endoscopy. It has a good record of efficiency in children with minimal side effects.
2. Acetaminophen is listed as a drug for pain and palliative care. What is the other name for acetaminophen?

Answer: Paracetamol

Paracetamol is used as an analgesic and an antipyretic, i.e. fever medicine. Some common trade names are Tylenol and Panadol. It is an over-the-counter drug. Continuous usage can cause toxicity, leading to liver damage. N-acetylcystine is the antidote to paracetamol poisoning.

In children, it is usually used for fever and to alleviate pain. The dosage used is usually used is around 15 milligrams per kilogram of weight. So if the child weighs 20 kilograms, then the dosage is 300 milligrams. Pediatricians advise a maximum of 90 milligrams per kilogram, if necessary and no more.
3. Another drug listed for palliative care is a benzodiazepine. Which of the following is a benzodiazepine?

Answer: Diazepam

Other benzodiazepines are alprazolam, midozolam and lorazepam. They are usually given as drugs for anxiety, epilepsy, panic attacks and muscle spasms. They can also be used as sleeping pills. Overdose of these drugs can lead to toxicity, for which the antidote is flumazenil. Tolerance for benzodiazepines can be developed in humans.

In children, Diazepam is a drug used to reduce anxiety before a medical procedure like a colonoscopy. It can be also used to reduce muscle spasms in children. The drug is usually given in a tablet form. 10 milligrams is the maximum advised dosage. It must be given twice a day to children who need it.
4. Which of the following drugs can be used in anaphylaxis?

Answer: Epinephrine

Epinephrine is listed as a drug for anaphylaxis. It is also called adrenaline and is also produced in our body by the adrenal glands which lie above the kidneys. Epinephrine is a beta receptor agonist. It can be used in cardiac arrest to kickstart the heart. It can also be used as a bronchodilator in asthmatic attacks. Some side effects of this drug and hormone include palpitation, headache, tremor, hypertension and anxiety.

In children, epinephrine is usually a self administered drug for allergic anaphylaxis. There are guidelines to administering this drug to children during an attack as improper delivery can cause fatality.
5. This one listed is not exactly a drug. But which of the following is named as an important entity in antidotes and other substances used in poisoning?

Answer: Activated charcoal

Activated charcoal is called the universal antidote and is used in many types of poisoning. Its absorbing properties make it ideal to ingest. It increases the surface area for absorption and thus makes the poison less active. It can be used in alkali, iron or methanol poisoning.

If any child is poisoned and taken to the emergency department of a hospital, chances are they will flush out the stomach using charcoal.
6. Which of the following drugs do you think can be listed as an anti-epileptic drug?

Answer: Phenytoin

Phenytoin is an anti-convulsant. It is used in the treatment of seizures in addition with benzodiazepines like diazepam. It is a hydantoin derivative. It can also be used in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Some side effects are nystagmus, reduction in folic acid levels, teratogenicity and gingivitis, amongst others.

In children, it is widely used against seizures. 100 milligrams is the recommended dose. It must be given twice to day to children with a history of repeated seizures. It is usually given as a tablet but capsules and syrups are also available for kids. Phenytoin usually has almost no side effects.
7. This particular drug, albendazole, is what type of antibiotic?

Answer: Anti-helminthic

It is an imidazole and is most widely used for worm infestations. It can be used in diseases like filariasis, ascariasis and cysticercosis. Side effects include headaches, nausea and fever. It is not to be used in case of allergies and in pregnancy. It causes the parasite to lose its glycogen storage thus leading to their destruction.

So if the child has a worm infection, the essential drug, albendazole is to be given. It is usually given via the oral route as a capsule. Tapeworms are most commonly treated with albendazole in kids. Other, weaker, imidazole drugs can be used too like metronidazole.
8. Rifampicin is listed as an essential drug for the treatment of which bacterial disease?

Answer: Tuberculosis

Rifampicin is a drug that is used to treat tuberculosis. It is a bactericidal drug, meaning it kills the bacteria rather than arresting its growth. Other anti-tuberculous drugs are ethambutol, isoniazid, pyrizinamide and streptomycin. Rifampicin inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase and thus doesn't allow the bacteria to function properly. This drug is hepatotoxic, meaning it causes damage to the liver.

It is one of the most recommended drugs for anti-tubercular therapy in kids. It is to be given in addition with the other drugs listed above and not alone as it is less effective in children as the single antibiotic against the bacteria. It also can be used in children who are asymptomatic carriers, to eradicate the dormant bacteria from the child's body. It is given in tablet form via the oral route in children.
9. Fluconazole is listed as an antibiotic drug to be used against what infection?

Answer: Fungal

Fluconazole is part of the triazole group of anti-mycotic drugs. It is most commonly found in powder or ointment form. It can be used against fungal infections like candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis and histoplasmosis. It can be used for both superficial and systemic fungal infections. Adverse reactions are nausea and vomiting. It acts by inhibiting formation of fungal cell wall.

Fluconazole is proving promising as an anti-fungal agent used to treat opportunistic fungal infections in children whose immune system has been compromised. It is usually given as a tablet and a suspension form but can be obtained as an ointment. The fungus Candida is the most common infection in children.
10. Cyclosporin, a listed immunosuppressant drug would probably be used in what?

Answer: Organ transplantation

The activity of the immune system is reduced by ciclosporin thus allowing the body to accept the organ that has been transplanted. It is most commonly used to treat graft-versus-host disease. It can also be used to treat atopic dermatitis and Kimura's disease. Side effects include gingival hyperplasia, convulsions, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity and hyperkalemia.

Usually children go through organ transplants when they have an congenital anomaly (an abnormal growth or development of an organ, in utero). After the transplantation is done, usually this drug is given to reduce the immune response and prevent rejection. When this drug is being given, the child must undergo regular kidney and liver function tests.
Source: Author Saleo

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor rossian before going online.
Any errors found in FunTrivia content are routinely corrected through our feedback system.
Related Quizzes
This quiz is part of series Categories in Other Categories:

One quiz for each of FunTrivia's categories... with a twist.

  1. Heal the Organ Very Easy
  2. Connect the Dots (To a Disease) Tough
  3. Murder of a Sultan Average
  4. Ray of Light Average
  5. Why Breastfeed? Very Easy
  6. Essential Medicines For Children Average
  7. Living With Brittle Asthma Average

Also part of quiz list
12/5/2023, Copyright 2023 FunTrivia, Inc. - Report an Error / Contact Us