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150 Argentina Geography Trivia Questions, Answers, and Fun Facts

How much do you know about Argentina Geography? This category is for trivia questions and answers related to Argentina Geography (Geography). Each one is filled with fun facts and interesting information.
1 What does Buenos Aires mean in English?
Answer: Fair Winds

Buenos Aires means 'fair winds in Spanish. The original named was quite long; Real de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre, named after Madonna of Bonaria in Sardinia, Italy.
  From Quiz: Astounding Argentina
2 How many provinces does Argentina have?
Answer: 23

Argentina's provinces include: Misiones, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Chaco, Salta, Jujuy, Catamarca, La Rioja, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman, Cordoba, Santa Fe, Mendoza, San Luis, San Juan, La Pampa, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego , Buenos Aires, Neuquen, Chubut.
  From Quiz: Argentina
3 What is the capital city of Buenos Aires province?
Answer: La Plata

Buenos Aires has its own capital city, as does every province in Argentina. La Plata means Silver City in Spanish.
  From Quiz: Argentine Provinces > Buenos Aires
4 Rosario is a beautiful city that lies along the Parana River. In what Argentinean province is Rosario located?
Answer: Santa Fe

Rosario is in the south of Santa Fe. It is a famous city because the Argentinean flag was first flown there. Cordoba, Buenos Aires, and Tucuman are other tourist cities in Argentina but not in the province of Santa Fe.
  From Quiz: Touristic Cities of Argentina
5 Buenos Aires was initially founded in 1536 by the gold seeking Pedro de Mendoza but failed after 5 years due to attacks by indigenous people. It was "re-founded" in 1580. Who was the new founder?
Answer: Juan de Garay

Juan de Garay was a Conquistador who originally came to Peru and fought in the civil war against Gonzalo Pizarro. He moved to Buenos Aires and formed a permanent settlement there in 1580 at the age of 55 after having been the governor of Rio de la Plata for 6 years.

Fulano de Tal is the Argentine equivalent of John Doe.

Hernando Cortez was the conquistador who conquered Mexico.

And of course Diego Maradona was one of the world's best soccer players.
  From Quiz: Mi Buenos Aires Querido
6 Among the countries of the world, where does Argentina rank by land area?
Answer: Eighth

Argentina covers approximately 2,737,000 km2 (1,056,000 m2). Seven countries are larger by land area than Argentina: Russia, Canada, the United States, China, Brazil, Australia, and India.
  From Quiz: Argentina Geo-trivia
7 Argentina can be divided into four physical regions. What is the virtually treeless grassland area known as?
Answer: Pampa

The Pampa lies in central Argentina between the Andes and the Atlantic It is a very fertile area where herds of cattle graze and are tended by gauchos.
  From Quiz: 9 for 10 - Argentina
8 Argentinian by birth, he played a crucial part in the Cuban revolution, as well as in communist activities in other Latin American countries. Who is he?
Answer: Che Guevara

Ernesto Che Guevara (1928-1967) was born into a middle-class family in Rosario, Argentina. He received a medical degree from the University of Buenos Aires in 1953. In 1954 he decided to go to Mexico and join Cuban revolutionaries under Fidel Castro.

Emiliano Zapata was a Mexican revolutionary. He was assassinated in 1919 in Mexico.

Fidel Castro is a former revolutionary and current Cuban president (as of November 2002). He was born near Mayari, Cuba in 1926. In spite of Cuba's poor economical conditions, Castro is still popular with the majority of Cubans.

Carlos Menem is ex-president of Argentina.
  From Quiz: Don't Cry For Me Argentina
9 What is the terrain of the northern part of Argentina?
Answer: Rich plains

Argentina is covered in the northern half by rich plains, on the western border with Chile are the Andes and in Patagonia, in the south, there are flat to rolling plateaus.
  From Quiz: Astounding Argentina
10 Argentina's population is resoundingly over 90% which religion?
Answer: Roman Catholic

As the ethnic dominance is of European origin, primarily Italian and Spanish, the prime religion, Roman Catholicism, prevails. Argentina has a comparatively high percentage of Jewish people in South America, about 290,000 as of the early 21st century, and about half a million people of Middle Eastern descent. One of the largest mosques in Latin America is in Argentina. Immigrants from neighboring countries also settle there, and there is still a substantial indigenous population, mostly in outlying areas.
    Your options: [ Roman Catholic ] [ Jewish ] [ Calvinist ] [ Lutheran ]
  From Quiz: Land of Silver
11 What is the widely known cultural dance, honored by UNESCO, that originated in Argentina?
Answer: Tango

Tango was born in Argentina, and was considered a lower class dance until it slowly gained popularity in the 1920s. The lyrics used in tango music usually included a form of slang called "lunfardo".
  From Quiz: Argentrivia
12 Which province is Iguazu National Park located in?
Answer: Misiones

Forming the Argentinean border with Brazil and Paraguay, Iguazu National Park has one of the most impressive waterfalls in the world. The park was declared a national monument by UNESCO.
    Your options: [ Chubut ] [ Buenos Aires ] [ Salta ] [ Misiones ]
  From Quiz: Argentina
13 What is the name of Buenos Aires' main airport?
Answer: Ministro Pistarini

The name is Ministro Pistarini, named after Juan Pistarini. He was a minister whose main important initiative was the construction of an international airport outside Buenos Aires, servicing all the companies arriving to Argentina.
  From Quiz: Argentine Provinces > Buenos Aires
14 Gualeguaychu is home to the Gualeguaychu Carnival (called the "country's carnival"). Which province is Gualeguaychu in?
Answer: Entre Rios

One of South America's most famous carnivals is held in Gualeguaychu. Tourists from all over South America visit this carnival and partake in the amusements, celebrations, music, and dancing.
  From Quiz: Touristic Cities of Argentina
15 The office of the President of the Republic is situated in the Plaza de Mayo. What is it called?
Answer: Casa Rosada

The Casa Rosada is definitely pink in color and its balcony has featured in fact and fiction as the place where Juan Peron and his wife Eva (Evita) made impassioned speeches to the masses.
  From Quiz: Mi Buenos Aires Querido
16 Cerro Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Americas. Which large Argentine city is only 110 kilometers (68 miles) southeast of Cerro Aconcagua?
Answer: Mendoza

Cerro Aconcagua is 6,962 meters (22,841 feet) high and lies between Mendoza to the southeast and the Chilean border just to the west. Mendoza is a major center for agriculture and Argentina's fourth-largest city.
    Your options: [ Cordoba ] [ Mendoza ] [ Tucuman ] [ Rosario ]
  From Quiz: Argentina Geo-trivia
17 What is the highest mountain in Argentina called?
Answer: Aconcagua

Aconcagua in the Andes is also the highest mountain in all South America. Kosciusko is Australia's highest mountain. Ojos del Salada is in Argentina and Orizaba is in Mexico.
  From Quiz: 9 for 10 - Argentina
18 Which from the following is an Argentinian national drink?
Answer: Mate

Mate is Argentina's national drink. Some people claim it to be a kind of drug. People often share the drink amongst groups that they may not even be acquainted with. Just think of all the saliva exchange that goes on!
Guaraná is a tropical plant with small red fruit with a high caffeine content. It is also a popular soft drink in Brazil.

Tango is a popular folk dance.

Quilmes is a popular beer. Its taste is very similar to that of American Budweiser, extremely watered down and it's a bit more bubbly than most... So be careful if you're on a date, you might be a little bubbly yourself!
    Your options: [ Guaraná ] [ Mate ] [ Tango ] [ Quilmes ]
  From Quiz: Don't Cry For Me Argentina
19 What is the area of Argentina?
Answer: 2.78 million sq km (1.7 million sq mi)

Argentina covers 2.78 million sq km (1.7 million sq mi). It is 1,420 km (880 mi) wide at its widest point and 3,800 km long (2,360 mi).
  From Quiz: Astounding Argentina
20 Buenos Aires, the capital city, translates to what in English?
Answer: Good air

Buenos Aires, and its environs contains about one third of the population of Argentina, but the Argentine population in general has one of the lowest growth rates in Latin America. Argentines enjoy a relatively high standard of living, but have felt the effects of lowered economic levels worldwide in the 2000s. In 2002, for example, almost 40% of the population in the largest urban areas was living below the poverty line.
  From Quiz: Land of Silver
21 San Carlos de Bariloche, a place known for its architecture, is located at what mountain range in Argentina?
Answer: Andes

San Carlos de Bariloche is famous for its German architecture, and is often called "Switzerland of the Andes". The Cordillera Central is the main mountain system of the island of Hispaniola. The Sierra Madre is a range in Mexico.
  From Quiz: Argentine Geography
22 What countries share borders with Argentina?
Answer: Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil & Uruguay

Argentina is the southernmost country of South America. It also borders the Atlantic Ocean.
  From Quiz: Argentrivia
23 Which mountain range forms the border between Argentina and Chile?
Answer: The Andes

The Andes mountain range is more than 7,000 km long, 500 km wide in some parts, and its average height is about 4,000 meters. The Aconcagua is the highest peak of the Andes.
    Your options: [ The Alps ] [ The Himalayas ] [ The Rocky Mountains ] [ The Andes ]
  From Quiz: Argentina
24 Which river separates Buenos Aires from Montevideo?
Answer: De La Plata River

The De La Plata River is the widest river in the world. It was named "sweet sea" by Juan Dias de Solis, the first navigator who reached it, because it was as wide as a sea, but had no salt in it.
    Your options: [ De La Plata River ] [ Montevideo ] [ Uruguay ] [ Buenos Aires ]
  From Quiz: Argentine Provinces > Buenos Aires
25 Patagonia stretches from southern Buenos Aires province to the southern tip of Argentina. Approximately what percentage of Argentina's total land area does Patagonia cover?
Answer: One-third

Patagonia covers more than 900,000 km2 (347,400 m2) or about one-third of Argentina's 2,737,000 km2 (1,056,000 m2).
  From Quiz: Argentina Geo-trivia
26 What is the name of the archipelago at the tip of South America which belongs to Argentina and Chile?
Answer: Tierra del Fuego

Tierra del Fuego is separated from the mainland by the Straits of Magellan. Magellan was the Portuguese navigator who discovered the area. The southernmost tip is Cape Horn.
  From Quiz: 9 for 10 - Argentina
27 What is the "milonga"?
Answer: A tango dance party

The milonga is a social dance party where tango is danced. This is a dance that developed in San Telmo and has European influence. This dance has come back into fashion and is being danced more frequently by younger generations (I can do the eight steps!).

Don't confuse milonga with milanesa, which is a typical Argentine dish.

If you chose the football stadium, you're maybe thinking of the Maracaná, Rio De Janeiro's football stadium, the largest one in the world.
  From Quiz: Don't Cry For Me Argentina
28 What is Argentina's official language?
Answer: Spanish

Argentina's official language is Spanish, brought by the Spanish Empire when they colonised Argentina in 1580. Its colonisation ended in 1861, when they declared independence, keeping the Spanish language.
  From Quiz: Astounding Argentina
29 The Argentine economy began a slow recovery in 2002, which has been led by which factors?
Answer: Exports and tourism

Three consecutive years of increased GDP, a boom in tourism and increased construction and industrial activity followed and led to further positive factors such as lower unemployment and higher investments. Revenue increased as did taxes, but the overall effect was positive.

Argentina's many rivers are essential to the production of fruits, vegetables, grains, and irrigation for other crops and livestock.

The NAFTA includes only Canada, US and Mexico.
    Your options: [ Exports and tourism ] [ Lowered taxes ] [ Discovery of rare natural resources ] [ North American Free Trade Agreement ]
  From Quiz: Land of Silver
30 What is the name of the famous neighborhood in Buenos Aires where the famous Argentine dance known as the tango originated?
Answer: La Boca

La Boca (The Mouth) is comprised of Italian immigrants and their descendents, and is famous for its brightly coloured houses. The tango (in case you didn't know) is the national dance of Argentina for which the country is famous.
  From Quiz: Argentine Geography
31 What city in Argentina is widely regarded as the southernmost CITY in the world?
Answer: Ushuaia

Sitting on the coast of the Beagle Channel, Ushuaia is the capital of the Province of Tierra del Fuego. Other towns, villages, and settlements claim the "southernmost city in the world" title, but most have been rejected as they are not actually cities.
  From Quiz: Argentrivia
32 What is the highest point in Argentina?
Answer: Mt. Aconcagua

Aconcagua Mountain stands at a height of 6,962 meters (22,834 feet). It is the highest mountain in the Americas, the Southern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere!
  From Quiz: Argentina
33 What does "Buenos Aires" mean?
Answer: Good air

Buenos Aires was so named because of the very pleasant air the first settlers were able to breathe. Originally, it was named after a sanctuary (Our Lady of Bonaire) in Italy.
  From Quiz: Argentine Provinces > Buenos Aires
34 Many an abode in smaller Argentinian communities is built from sun-dried bricks. What is the name of this type of building?
Answer: adobe

Adobe is the name of the type of building as well as the name of the bricks themselves. The bricks are made of a mixture of clay and straw and are dried in the sun.
  From Quiz: 9 for 10 - Argentina
35 Argentina is the world's ___ largest country?
Answer: eighth

The largest country in the world is Russia.
  From Quiz: Don't Cry For Me Argentina
36 What is the national dish of Argentina?
Answer: Asados

The national dish of asados is a mix of meats grilled on a parillo packed with steak, ribs, sweetbread, chorizo, chitterlings and blood sausage.
  From Quiz: Astounding Argentina
37 The Andes Mountains are located between Argentina and which country?
Answer: Chile

The Andes are the longest continental range in the world (appx. 5500 miles long), running along the Pacific coast from the Caribbean to the southern tip of South America. There are high plateaus, ice fields, glaciers and fjords. Some of the rock formations have been estimated to be millions of years old. Mt Aconcagua is the highest peak in the Andes, and in the western hemisphere, at 22,830 feet.

The Andes are also considered to be part of the Pacific's 'ring of fire' and have volcanic activity at times.
    Your options: [ Chile ] [ Brazil ] [ Peru ] [ Bolivia ]
  From Quiz: Land of Silver
38 What is the name by which Argentines call the Falkland Islands?
Answer: Las Islas Malvinas

Falkland is the English term, so those two answers are incorrect. Los Isles uses the incorrect gender, and should be Las Islas. Malvinas comes from the French term Malouines, coined by a French explorer.
    Your options: [ El Falkland ] [ Las Islas Falklandias ] [ Las Islas Malvinas ] [ Los Isles Malvinas ]
  From Quiz: Argentine Geography
39 What term is traditionally used to name the Argentine people of the pampas or chacos? Think Argentine cowboys!
Answer: Gaucho

In Argentina, they are known as Gauchos. Charros are from Mexico, Llaneros are from Venezuela and Huasos are from Chile.
  From Quiz: Argentrivia
40 For more than a hundred years, Argentina has sought sovereignty over a British overseas territory. Which one?
Answer: Falkland Islands

Argentina has refuted the sovereignty of the British nation over the Falkland Island territory, along with the island's right to govern itself. Argentina and England fought a war in 1982 over these islands, which was called the Falklands War.
    Your options: [ South Argentina Islands ] [ Atlantic Southern Islands ] [ South Patagonia Islands ] [ Falkland Islands ]
  From Quiz: Argentina
The rest of the questions and answers can be found in our quizzes here:
Argentina Geography Quizzes