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260 Spain Trivia Questions, Answers, and Fun Facts

How much do you know about Spain? This category is for trivia questions and answers related to Spain (Geography). Each one is filled with fun facts and interesting information.
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1 On which river does the city of Toledo lie?
Answer: Rio Tagus

The Tagus River surrounds Toledo on three sides providing a natural barrier to attacking armies. The Tagus is the longest river in the Iberian Peninsula. It is 1,007 km long, 716 km in Spain, 47 km along the border between Portugal and Spain and 275 km in Portugal, where it empties into the Atlantic Ocean near Lisbon.

While in Toledo it is worth visiting the Puente de Alcantara bridge which spans the dramatic gorge of the Tagus River. Originally an ancient Roman structure, the bridge was completely rebuilt by the Moors in 866. The present bridge dates mainly from the 13th and 14th centuries.
    Your options: [ Rio Segura ] [ Rio Tormes ] [ Rio Tagus ] [ Rio Ebro ]
  From Quiz: Toledo: Historic City
2 How many main islands are in the Canary archipelago?
Answer: 7

All seven islands are inhabited to greater or lesser degrees. There are a number of smaller islands in the archipelago, notably Graciosa, but only seven contain the major populated areas. Sometimes Graciosa is added to the count, making eight.
  From Quiz: The Canary Islands
3 What autonomous community of Spain contains the country's capital city?
Answer: Madrid

Madrid became the capital of Spain in 1561. It is by far the largest city in Spain and contains half of the region's population. After placing third in the bid for the 2012 Olympics, the city announced it will bid again for the 2016 Olympics. It lost this bid to Rio de Janeiro.
  From Quiz: Autonomous Communities of Spain
4 What is the name of the mountains which run the length of the north coast of Majorca?
Answer: Tramontana

The Tramontana mountains or Sierra de Trumuntana ('mountains of the north wind') extend for 88km from Andratx to Pollenca, with the rocky outcrops of Sa Dragonera and Cap de Formentor at either end of 10 peaks over 1,000 metres high.
Formentor is a promontory in the far north of the island, Banyas Arabi are ancient Arab baths in Palma and Son Sant Joan is the official name of Palma International Airport.
    Your options: [ Tramontana ] [ Banyas Arabi ] [ Formentor ] [ Son Sant Joan ]
  From Quiz: Destination: Majorca
5 What is the capital of Spain?
Answer: Madrid

It is right in the center of Spain. Sevilla is in Andalucia and Barcelona, situated in the Catalunia, although a very large city is not the capital.
  From Quiz: Spain Geographically
6 What are Madrid's natives called?
Answer: Madrilenos

Most Madrilenos live in apartment buildings, which have stores or offices in the lower levels.
  From Quiz: Madrid, A Beautiful City
7 The 1992 Summer Olympic Games were held in this Mediterranean city.
Answer: Barcelona

Located on the northeastern coast of Spain, Barcelona is the capital of the Catalonia region and the second most populous city in the country. The city is known for its stunning architecture, including the famous works of Antoni Gaudí such as the Sagrada Familia and Park Güell. During the 1992 Summer Olympics, Barcelona underwent a major transformation with the construction of new sports facilities, transportation infrastructure, and urban development projects. The games were a huge success for the city, attracting millions of visitors and boosting its international profile. Today, Barcelona remains a popular tourist destination and a hub for culture, art, and innovation.
    Your options: [ Lisbon ] [ Seville ] [ Barcelona ] [ Madrid ]
  From Quiz: Cities of Spain
8 Barcelona is the capital of what region?
Answer: Catalunya

Barcelona is the capital of the province of Catalunya. This region is well known for its economic and cultural differences with the rest of Spain. The most striking difference with the other Spanish regions though, is the Catalan language. Catalan is quite different from Spanish - it is spoken in Catalunya but also in a small part of France, the Balearic Islands and around Valencia - and the Catalan population takes great pride in using their own language.
  From Quiz: It's All In Barcelona
9 What country borders Spain to the west?
Answer: Portugal

Portugal borders Spain to the west, Andorra and France border Spain to the north.
  From Quiz: Spain
10 Toledo steel became known to the Roman armies after battling which Carthaginian general (famous for using elephants) in the Punic Wars?
Answer: Hannibal

Hamilcar Barca (275-228 BC) fought in the First Punic War (264-241BC) and had three sons Hannibal, Hasdrubal and Mago who all fought against the Roman army in the Second Punic War (218-201 BC). Today there is a significant trade, and many shops offer all kinds of swords to their customers, whether historical or modern films' swords, as well as medieval armors and from other times, which are also exported to other countries.
    Your options: [ Hasdrubal ] [ Hamilcar Barca ] [ Hannibal ] [ Mago ]
  From Quiz: Toledo: Historic City
11 This city's university, founded in 1218, is the oldest in Spain. The elegant Plaza Mayor was featured in the 2008 movie "Vantage Point". The ancient bridge on the Tormes River is a reminder of the city's Roman heritage. Which city is it?
Answer: Salamanca

Salamanca was originally founded by the Vaccaei. In later centuries, the city was conquered by the Carthaginians, the Romans, the Alans, the Visigoths, the Moors and the Castilian Christians. Its many ancient monuments bear testimony to its fascinating history. Visitors to Salamanca are also recommended to view the fascinating sculptures at the Convento de las Duenas, near the Cathedral.
    Your options: [ Leon ] [ Segovia ] [ Salamanca ] [ Cordoba ]
  From Quiz: Spanish Cities
12 Located in northwestern Spain, which major city has traditionally had the highest average number of rainy days?
Answer: Santiago de Compostela

Santiago de Compostela is in located in Galicia, whereas the other three choices are all located in the warm, southern area of Andalusia. Santiago de Compostela normally has up to 21 days of rain a month during the winter months.
    Your options: [ Seville ] [ Santiago de Compostela ] [ Málaga ] [ Granada ]
  From Quiz: The Rain in Spain
13 Heading northeast, we'll arrive at the capital of Aragon. This city with complex cultural histories sits on the majestic (and sometimes muddy) Ebro River. Name it.
Answer: Zaragoza

The capital in English is often written Saragossa. A novel by Jean Rhys dealing with the origins of Bertha Rochester (of 'Jane Eyre' fame) is called "Wide Sargasso Sea".

Zaragoza was famous as one of the Taifas, or independent Muslim states, following the breakup of the Cordoban Califate. It was also the site of several famous martyrdoms associated with the Spanish Inquisition. Zaragoza was one of the most heavily bombed places in Spain during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939).
    Your options: [ Bilbao ] [ Zaragoza ] [ Valencia ] [ Toledo ]
  From Quiz: Basic Spanish Geography
14 What autonomous community in northeastern Spain, formerly an independent kingdom, has its capital at Zaragoza?
Answer: Aragon

Aragon united with Castile in the late 1400s to form Spain when its King Ferdinand married Castile's Isabella. Previously, Aragon had gained its independence from Navarra (Pamplona) in 1035 and at one time stretched all the way to Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia.
  From Quiz: Autonomous Communities of Spain
15 Which Spanish city is known for its working aqueducts?
Answer: Segovia

The aqueducts of Segovia remarkably still deliver water to the city. Despite the fact that they are not held together by any material such as mortar or concrete, the aqueducts have not been disturbed despite storms and hurricanes.
    Your options: [ Segovia ] [ Avila ] [ Zaragoza ] [ Alicante ]
  From Quiz: Geography of Spain
16 In Bilbao, the largest city of the Basque region, we are driving down the Calle de Iparraguirre, and we see in front of us a huge silvery building guarded by a huge topiary dog covered in flowers. What are we dealing with here?
Answer: The Guggenheim Museum

With a skin of titanium 0.1 inches thick (but requiring 30 tons!), Frank Gehry's masterpiece is more famous than the art inside. The dog is the "Puppy" sculpture of Jeff Koons. You can see a glimpse of both at the beginning of the James Bond movie "The World is not Enough"
  From Quiz: A Grand Tour of Spain II
17 When the Roman Empire fell, barbarian tribes came from Germany and established themselves in the Iberian Peninsula. What was the name of the tribe which settled in Galicia?
Answer: Sueves

The Sueves converted to Christianity around AD 500. Most of the rest of the Iberian Peninsula was settled by the Visigoths.
    Your options: [ Ostrogoths ] [ Vandals ] [ Sueves ] [ Visigoths ]
  From Quiz: Galicia - A Celtic Nation
18 Madrid has three main football(soccer)clubs, Real Madrid, Atletico de Madrid and which other?
Answer: Rayo Vallecano

Real Madrid play at the Santiago Bernabeu Stadium, Atletico de Madrid play at the Vincente Calderon Stadium and Rayo Vallecano play at Teresa Rivero Stadium.
    Your options: [ Real Sociedad ] [ Espanyol ] [ Real Betis ] [ Rayo Vallecano ]
  From Quiz: Madrid, A Beautiful City
19 What is the capital city of Spain?
Answer: Madrid

Madrid is not only the capital city of Spain, but also the largest city in the country. It is home to many famous landmarks, including the Royal Palace of Madrid, the Buen Retiro Park, and the Puerta del Sol, which is considered the center of the city. Madrid is also known for its vibrant nightlife, with many bars and clubs staying open until the early hours of the morning. Additionally, the city is famous for its art museums, such as the Prado Museum and the Reina Sofia Museum, which house some of the world's most renowned works of art.
  From Quiz: Cities of Spain
20 Barcelona's most famous road strip is called?
Answer: Las Ramblas

The Ramblas are a 2 km boulevard going from Placa de Catalunya to the sea. Thousands of people are strolling on the Ramblas every day (and night), where they watch the performing street artists, buy some flowers or have a coffee.
  From Quiz: It's All In Barcelona
21 What group of people from Africa invaded Spain and stayed there for several centuries?
Answer: Moors

The Moors invaded Spain in 711 and stayed until 1492.
  From Quiz: Spain
22 The skyline of Toledo is dominated by two buildings, one is a cathedral. What is the other?
Answer: A fort

Originally constructed in Roman times and used as a palace in the third century, Alcazar Fortress is today the site of the Army Museum. It was rebuilt in the 1500s and became the first example of a square fortress with towers on each of the corners.
  From Quiz: Toledo: Historic City
23 Had I reached Paris, as planned, I would have visited Notre Dame, but as I'm in Spain, I will view la Sagrada Familia instead. To which city will I need to travel to fulfil this new ambition?
Answer: Barcelona

The Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia, to give it its full name, is a Roman Catholic church designed by Antoni Gaudi. Construction began in 1882 and work is still ongoing during the early part of the twenty-first century. Estimated dates for completion vary from 2017 to 2026 - Gaudi himself (who died in 1926) is quoted as saying 'my client is not in a hurry'. Pope Benedict XVI is due to consecrate the church during a visit to Barcelona in November 2010.
    Your options: [ Barcelona ] [ Valencia ] [ Madrid ] [ Seville ]
  From Quiz: Lost in Spain
24 Which beautiful Spanish city on the Mediterranean coast is the third largest in area? It is also the traditional home of paella.
Answer: Valencia

Valencia's port handles 20% of Spain's exports. In modern times, tourism has increased due to the city's many monuments and famous festivals. Every year in March, Valencia hosts the Falles, a festival ending with the burning of huge and elaborate effigies.
    Your options: [ Seville ] [ Barcelona ] [ Valencia ] [ Alicante ]
  From Quiz: Spanish Cities
25 It is well known that the summer sun and tropical breezes from the Mediterranean make the Balearic Islands an international tourist destination. Which of the four Balearic Islands is the largest, also making it the largest island in all of Spain?
Answer: Majorca

Majorca derives its name from the Latin words "larger island", and contains two mountain ranges separated by plains in the middle. The Balearic Islands have hot summers and more mild winters.
    Your options: [ Minorca ] [ Majorca ] [ Ibiza ] [ Formentera ]
  From Quiz: The Rain in Spain
26 Heading north from this capital, we'll go to the city which is the capital of the Basque Country. Which city is home to medieval churches and modern museums?
Answer: Vitoria

Vitoria-Gasteiz is the name of the capital in Basque. Three provinces make up this autonomous community: Álava, capital Vitoria-Gasteiz; Biscay, capital Bilbao; and Guipúzcoa, capital Donostia-San Sebastián.

Vitoria is the second largest city in the Spanish part of the larger Basque country. Its inhabitants are called 'bean eaters' in Basque. There are many manufacturers located here. It has sometimes been ranked second of all Spanish cities in its standard of living.

The origins of the Basque language are a much debated mystery. Most agree it's not Indo-European. In the modern day, many linguists have argued that it autonomously developed on site. The language was not written until the 16th century.

Basque is a challenging language. To say "I do not understand," one says in Basque, "Ez dut ulertzen."

    Your options: [ Andorra ] [ Vitoria ] [ Algorta ] [ Bilbao ]
  From Quiz: Basic Spanish Geography
27 What autonomous community in northeastern Spain contains the first Spanish city to host the Olympic Games?
Answer: Catalonia

Catalonians speak with what sounds like a lisp as part of their Catalan dialect. Barcelona, the capital, hosted the 1992 Summer Games. The region was encompassed into the Kingdom of Aragon in 1157.
  From Quiz: Autonomous Communities of Spain
28 Spain and which country to Spain's west form most of the Iberian Peninsula?
Answer: Portugal

Spain occupies approximately 80% of the Iberian Peninsula while Portugal occupies about 20%. Andorra, Gibraltar and a small part of France are on the peninsula. Iberia is also the national airline of Spain.
    Your options: [ Portugal ] [ Belgium ] [ Morocco ] [ Italy ]
  From Quiz: Geography of Spain
29 In Barcelona, we head out for a fancy dinner. Before what time need we not bother to find most restaurants open?
Answer: 9 P.M.

You better eat a big lunch. If you're out late, you will still see lots of activity at midnight, even in smaller towns.
  From Quiz: A Grand Tour of Spain I
30 What is the name of Madrid's Airport?
Answer: Barajas

It's an international airport and also doubles as a domestic airport connecting most major Spanish cities.
  From Quiz: Madrid, A Beautiful City
31 Situated in the northern province of Navarra, the 'Running of the Bulls' is held where every year?
Answer: Pamplona

Located in the northern region of Spain, Pamplona is the city where the annual 'Running of the Bulls' takes place. This event, also known as the San Fermin festival, attracts thousands of visitors from around the world every year. The festival begins on July 6th and lasts for nine days, with the bull runs taking place each morning. Participants run alongside six bulls through the streets of Pamplona, trying to avoid being gored or trampled. The tradition dates back to the 14th century and has become a symbol of Spanish culture and tradition.
  From Quiz: Cities of Spain
32 Beyond the Placa de Catalunya, various neighbourhoods have been established that have a very particular lay-out. This newer part of town is called?
Answer: Eixample

The Eixample is the central part of town and is truly a unique example of urban planning. The architect Cerda designed this part of town at the end of the 19th century to create a perfect environment for Barcelona's fast expanding population
  From Quiz: It's All In Barcelona
33 Where was Pablo Picasso born?
Answer: Andalucia

Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Andalucia in 1881.
  From Quiz: Spain
34 At least I won't have any problems with currency, as both France and Spain use the euro. Prior to 2002, which currency would I have needed for Spain?
Answer: Peseta

The euro was introduced on 1st January 2002 as the currency unit for most member countries of the European Union. It has since been adopted by non-member states, including Montenegro and Kosovo. Members not using the euro include Denmark, Sweden and the UK, although Eire has adopted it. Before the changeover, the peseta was used in Spain, the escudo in Portugal, the lira in Italy and the guilder in the Netherlands.
    Your options: [ Peseta ] [ Lira ] [ Escudo ] [ Guilder ]
  From Quiz: Lost in Spain
35 Which Spanish city appears (barely disguised as the fictional "Vetusta") as the setting of Clarin's great novel "La Regenta"? It is the capital of the northern principality of Asturias.
Answer: Oviedo

The heir to the Spanish throne holds the title of Prince of Asturias. Visitors are recommended to take a detour from the main tourist rush to Spain to visit this gem of a city, in the foothills of the Picos de Europa. Don't miss the pre-Romanesque churches and ancient artifacts on display in the Camara Santa of the cathedral.
    Your options: [ Almeria ] [ Santander ] [ Oviedo ] [ Burgos ]
  From Quiz: Spanish Cities
36 Andalusia, the southern part of continental Spain, has the warmest weather year-round. However, what Andalusian mountain range enjoys frequent snowfall and is the location of many ski resorts?
Answer: Sierra Nevada

Sierra Nevada means "snowy mountain range" in Spanish, and it is where Mulhacén, the tallest mountain peak in continental Spain, rises. The Sierra Nevadas are also home to the southernmost ski resorts on the Mediterranean Sea.
  From Quiz: The Rain in Spain
37 What is unique about Mt Teide on Tenerife?
Answer: It is the highest mountain in Spain.

At 3,717m Mt Teide (or Pico del Teide in Spanish) is indeed the highest point in Spain despite the fact that the islands lie off the coast off Africa. It is also the highest point in the Atlantic Ocean, standing some 7,800m from the seabed. Teide is a volcanic peak which, whilst currently dormant, is considered to be the 13th most dangerous volcano in the world by the United Nations Committee for Disaster Mitigation in view of its close proximity to major towns.
  From Quiz: The Canary Islands
38 What autonomous community in northwestern Spain shares its name with a region of Poland?
Answer: Galicia

The capital of Galicia is Santiago de Compostela. The region's people were originally Celts, and it has historic ties to Portugal. Although Santiago de Compostela is the capital, La Coruna is the largest city in the region.
  From Quiz: Autonomous Communities of Spain
39 What is the highest mountain in Spain?
Answer: Teide

Teide stands at 3,718 meters in height and is located on the island of Tenerife. Many people believe the highest point is located in the Pyrenees Mountains on the mainland.
  From Quiz: Geography of Spain
40 As the travel resumes, we come to another of the myriad of famous sites in Spain, that of Santiago de Compostela, in the northwest corner of the country. What is its claim to fame?
Answer: One of the top three destinations for medieval pilgrimages

It was the third most important pilgrimage site after Rome and Jerusalem. It's importance is due to being the site of the tomb of Saint James the apostle. One can stay in the original inn and hospital for sick pilgrims, now a parador.
  From Quiz: A Grand Tour of Spain II
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