FREE! Click here to Join FunTrivia. Thousands of games, quizzes, and lots more!
Trivia Questions and Answers
photo of Netherlands

270 Netherlands Trivia Questions, Answers, and Fun Facts

How much do you know about Netherlands? This category is for trivia questions and answers related to Netherlands (Geography). Each one is filled with fun facts and interesting information.
Related Questions & Answers:   Ireland    Scotland    Germany    Spain    Wales    Greece   
1 Which Dutch provincial capital hosts the annual Noorderzon Performing Arts Festival and Eurosonic Noorderslag, one of Europe's largest music showcases?
Answer: Groningen

Groningen is both the name of the province and its capital city. The city is home to the renowned University of Groningen, which contributes to its lively and youthful atmosphere. This city is a hub for culture, with numerous museums, including the Northern Maritime Museum, art galleries, and theaters.

The province, in the north-eastern part of the country, is known for its connection to the sea, with the Wadden Sea UNESCO World Heritage site located along its coast.
    Your options: [ Groningen ] [ Maastricht ] [ Assen ] [ Leeuwarden ]
  From Quiz: A Tour through Dutch Provincial Capitals
2 Where in Europe is the Netherlands located?
Answer: It borders Germany, Belgium and the North Sea

The Netherlands has been heavily defined by the North Sea. It has a history as a sea-faring, trading nation whilst much of its land has been reclaimed from the sea through a system of dikes and polders leading to the saying:
"God created the world but the Dutch created the Netherlands".

Briefly, from 1815-1830, the Netherlands also contained what is now Belgium. Its present area of 11,787 square miles makes it comparable to European countries such as Switzerland and Estonia, and the American state of Maryland.
  From Quiz: Let's Go Dutch
3 In 1916 there was a great disaster in the Netherlands. What happened?
Answer: major flooding

A large part of the Netherlands was under water and people couldn't be saved.
  From Quiz: Delta Projects in The Netherlands
4 When did the first settlers settle in Amsterdam?
Answer: 1125

The first settlers came to Amsterdam in 1125. They were fishermen who settled by the Amstel River. They built their huts on manmade mounds called terps.
  From Quiz: Take a Trip to Amsterdam
5 What do English speakers commonly call the Netherlands, but actually is the name of only part of the country?
Answer: Holland

Holland is in fact only a part of the Netherlands, but the name is used for the country as a whole. The Low Countries is used for the total of the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.
  From Quiz: The Netherlands, The Basics
6 What is the capital of the province of North Holland?
Answer: Haarlem

Amsterdam is also in North Holland and is the national capital, but not the provincial capital. Rotterdam and The Hague are in South Holland.
  From Quiz: The Two Hollands
7 Sleutelstad (Key City)
Answer: Leiden

Leiden has the oldest university in Holland and played an important role in the Dutch war of liberation against the Spanish. I do however not know if this has anything to do with the nickname.
    Your options: [ Amsterdam ] [ Lips ] [ Rotterdam ] [ Leiden ]
  From Quiz: City Nicknames in the Netherlands
8 The main street in my neighbourhood is called Utrechtsestraat. Formerly it was the road that went from Amsterdam to the city of Utrecht. What squares are at the start and at the end of the Utrechtsestraat?
Answer: Rembrandtplein and Frederiksplein

Rembrandtplein is famous for its many cafés and bars, Frederiksplein for its park, in the midst of which the intensely ugly building of the Dutch Central Bank arises.
  From Quiz: My Amsterdam Neighbourhood
9 What is the name of the range of islands north of the Dutch mainland?
Answer: Wadden Eilanden

The shallow sea between the mainland and the islands is called Waddenzee.
  From Quiz: Dutch Islands
10 Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands share the Frisian Islands. How many of the Dutch Frisian Islands are populated?
Answer: 5

Starting just above the northern tip of Noord-Holland province and moving in eastern direction you'll find: Texel (belonging to Noord-Holland), Vlieland, Terschelling, Ameland and Schiermonnikoog (all belonging to Friesland). Rottumerplaat and Rottumeroog (both of the province of Groningen) are Frisian Islands as well, but they are uninhabited. And that's all right as they will disappear eventually due to the current coming out of the Eems estuary, lying between the province of Groningen and Germany.
  From Quiz: Facts About the Netherlands 2
11 Which brand of beer is Dutch?
Answer: Heineken

Carlsberg is from Denmark and Bit is from Germany. The right to use the name Budweiser is disputed by the Czech Republic and the U.S.
Heineken is the best selling beer in the Netherlands, still owned by the Heineken family.
    Your options: [ Heineken ] [ Budweiser ] [ Carlsberg ] [ Bit ]
  From Quiz: Netherlands Trivia
12 This beer is originally from Amsterdam and it comes in green bottles. People all over the world are drinking it. It is named after a well known Dutch family. What is the name of this beer?
Answer: Heineken

Mr. Freddy Heineken, grandson of Gerard Heineken who bought the company in 1864, died in 2002.
  From Quiz: Simple Facts About The Netherlands
13 Why does the Dutch soccer team wear orange?
Answer: Because of the house of Orange

Orange is the Netherlands' national colour because of the house of Orange, the Dutch royal line. William of Orange (William I, prince of Orange 1533-84) was the principal founder of Dutch independence in 1597. The Dutch royal family belongs to the house of Orange, and the Dutch flag, which is red, white and blue (like the French but turned 90 degrees), has an orange banner. King Willem-Alexander became the reigning monarch of the Netherlands in 2013 when his mother, Queen Beatrix, abdicated.
  From Quiz: Useless But Fun Dutch trivia
14 In what year did Amsterdam obtain its status as a city (with city rights)?
Answer: 1300

At this point in history, Amsterdam was rather insignificant and underdeveloped compared with many other Dutch cities.
  From Quiz: Amsterdam
15 What is the capital of Noord Holland?
Answer: Haarlem

Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands.
  From Quiz: Nederland
16 The Royal Palace in the centre of Amsterdam is located on what big square?
Answer: Dam

Although the name is Royal Palace, the Queen does not live there anymore. The royal residence is in The Hague.
  From Quiz: Amsterdam
17 In which Dutch provincial capital can we find the tower of Oldehove?
Answer: Leeuwarden

Leeuwarden is the capital city of Friesland and is a charming city. The city is home to Oldehove, a leaning tower that is the symbol of Leeuwarden.

Friesland, located in the northern part of the Netherlands, is a province with a unique cultural identity including its own language. The province has many lakes. It is a paradise for water sports enthusiasts, with countless opportunities for sailing, canoeing, and windsurfing. The famous Eleven Cities Tour, a long-distance ice skating race, takes place in Friesland when the canals freeze over.
    Your options: [ Leeuwarden ] [ Utrecht ] [ 's Hertogenbosch ] [ Lelystad ]
  From Quiz: A Tour through Dutch Provincial Capitals
18 Rotterdam forms part of a metropolitan area of considerable size alongside which other Dutch city that serves as the seat of government?
Answer: The Hague

The Netherlands is not a large country and travel between any two Dutch cities can usually be completed within a few hours. In the south of the country there is a cluster of cities, some well known and others internationally obscure, that form the Rotterdam - The Hague metropolitan area. In addition to the two cities that lend their name to the region, the metropolitan area also boasts the charming cities of Delft and Schiedam, amongst others.
    Your options: [ Amsterdam ] [ Zwolle ] [ Antwerp ] [ The Hague ]
  From Quiz: This Could Be Rotterdam...
19 As a taxi takes Getha to her hotel in the city, she notices a large river in the city. Which river would this be?
Answer: Rhine

Arnhem is on the Rhine river. Near Arnhem there is also a branch of the Rhine River, the IJssel River. As a result of being located near a river, Arnhem has several bridges. These include the John Frost Bridge and the Nelson Mandela Bridge. In the Second World War Operation Market Garden allowed Allied forces to break through German lines and take control of several Dutch bridges. The John Frost Bridge (named after commander John Frost after the war) was one of them. The events of this operation are featured in the movie "A Bridge Too Far".
    Your options: [ Rhine ] [ Maas ] [ Seine ] [ Elbe ]
  From Quiz: Arriving in Arnhem
20 The Dutch flag is formed from the colours red, white and blue; so why is orange a national colour?
Answer: Due to historical associations with the aristocratic House of Orange

Members of the House of Orange-Nassau have governed the Netherlands since 1648 when William I, aka William the Silent, led the Dutch to independence from Spanish rule. Initially this was as stadtholder of a republic and, after 1815, as monarch in a constitutional monarchy.

The 'Orange' of the title comes from the French town of the same name but has nothing to do with colour or fruit. The town was founded as Arausio in 35 BC, being named after a local god, and this was later corrupted to Orange. It is perhaps not surprising, then, that having associations with the House of Orange, the Dutch should adopt orange as their national colour.
  From Quiz: Let's Go Dutch
21 Which engineer made the plans for the Closure Dike (Afsluitdijk)?
Answer: Mr. Lely

Mr. Lely made his first plans for the Closure Dike in 1891. However due to the prohibitive cost he was unable to convince people to build it. It was only after the flooding that people were willing to undertake this project.
    Your options: [ Mr. Helder ] [ Mr. Closure ] [ Mr. Lely ] [ Mr. Dike ]
  From Quiz: Delta Projects in The Netherlands
22 In what year did the Miracle of Amsterdam happen?
Answer: 1345

The Miracle Amsterdam happened at a house in Kalverstraat. A priest gave a dying man the last sacraments. He was unable to keep down the communion wafer so it was thrown on the fire. Next morning the wafer was found intact among the embers. The word spread and Amsterdam soon became a place of pilgrimage.
  From Quiz: Take a Trip to Amsterdam
23 How is the Netherlands governed?
Answer: constitutional monarchy

The Netherlands has a constitution and a monarch. Queen Beatrix became queen in 1980 and abdicated in favour of her son, Willem-Alexander who became king in 2013.
  From Quiz: The Netherlands, The Basics
24 Rotterdam has an airport, in foreign countries commonly known as 'Rotterdam Airport'. What is the other name for this airport?
Answer: Rotterdam The Hague

Schiphol is also known as Amsterdam Airport. Welschap is an airport just east of Eindhoven, Noord-Brabant. Van Gogh is a famous Dutch painter without an airport named after him.
  From Quiz: Rotterdam: What Do You Know?
25 What is the capital of the province of South Holland?
Answer: The Hague

Rotterdam is also in South Holland and its biggest city. Amsterdam and Haarlem are in North Holland.
  From Quiz: The Two Hollands
26 Koekstad (Cake City)
Answer: Deventer

Deventer is in the province of Overijssel and famous for its book markets. I think Boekenstad (Book City) would be a more appropriate name...
    Your options: [ Peynenburg ] [ Amersfoort ] [ Utrecht ] [ Deventer ]
  From Quiz: City Nicknames in the Netherlands
27 How many canals does the Utrechtsestraat cross?
Answer: three

They are: Herengracht, Keizersgracht and Prinsengracht.
  From Quiz: My Amsterdam Neighbourhood
28 It is a well-known fact that almost half of the Netherlands would disappear if there weren't any dams or dikes. How many of the twelve provinces would be safe from flooding for more than half their size?
Answer: 7

The southern provinces Limburg and Noord-Brabant, the eastern provinces Gelderland, Overijssel and Drenthe and finally the northern province of Groningen would stay completely, almost, or for more than half, dry. Utrecht would be virtually cut in half. All the other provinces, Noord-Holland, Zuid-Holland and Zeeland in the west, Friesland in the north and Flevoland (just above the province of Utrecht) would all but disappear into the sea. Thank goodness for the dikes!
  From Quiz: Facts About the Netherlands 2
29 In which province will you find the highest point of the European mainland of the Netherlands?
Answer: Limburg

The province of Limburg lies between Germany and Belgium. In the deepest south you will find the Vaalserberg at a point where the borders of Holland, Germany and Belgium meet. The Vaalserberg has a height of 321 metres or 1053 feet.

It should be noted however that on October 10, 2010, the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved. As a result, several islands became part of the Netherlands. Saba was one of them. And on its soil stands Mount Scenery, a dormant volcano of 821 metres high (2694 feet), making it the highest point in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
    Your options: [ Limburg ] [ Utrecht ] [ Gelderland ] [ Friesland ]
  From Quiz: Facts About The Netherlands 1
30 At the end of the 20th century, who was voted the best European soccer player of the century?
Answer: Johan Cruijff

Cruijff started playing soccer at Ajax. He won the European Cup 1 three times in the early seventies. After Ajax he also played for teams like Barcelona and Feyenoord.
  From Quiz: Simple Facts About The Netherlands
31 In 1611, Amsterdam was the first city in the world to have a...
Answer: Stock exchange
    Your options: [ Fire brigade ] [ Stock exchange ] [ Public zoo ] [ Naval academy ]
  From Quiz: Amsterdam
32 What is the capital of Zuid Holland?
Answer: Den Haag

The seat of the Dutch government is in Den Haag.
  From Quiz: Nederland
33 In which Dutch provincial capital can we find the famous TT Circuit?
Answer: Assen

Assen is the capital city of Drenthe, a charming city famous for its motorsport heritage as it hosts the prestigious TT Circuit Assen, one of the most iconic motorcycle racing tracks in the world. The city is also notable for the Drents Museum, which showcases archaeological finds and contemporary art.

Drenthe, with a low population density, is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts, offering numerous hiking and cycling trails, as well as opportunities for horseback riding and canoeing. It is also home to the Hunebedden, ancient megalithic tombs that are among the oldest structures in the Netherlands.
    Your options: [ Assen ] [ Zandvoort ] [ Hoogeveen ] [ Zwolle ]
  From Quiz: A Tour through Dutch Provincial Capitals
34 Named for a Dutch philosopher and given the nickname "The Swan", the Erasmusbrug is a symbol of Rotterdam. What is the Erasmusbrug?
Answer: Bridge

Erasmus of Rotterdam is perhaps more widely known for an educational exchange scheme, open to students across Europe, that has made use of his name. On a day-to-day basis in Rotterdam however, the name Erasmus is most likely to be heard in relation to the striking bridge (bascule and cable-stayed) that crosses the windy Nieuwe Maas. Referred to locally as 'De Zwaan' or 'The Swan' on account of the shape of the bent pylon on its south end, the Erasmusbrug is a site that should not be missed - and indeed surely cannot be missed - by any visitor to Rotterdam.
  From Quiz: This Could Be Rotterdam...
35 As Getha wanders around the city she is told by a friendly guy that Arnhem is the provincial capital of Gelderland. Which of the cities mentioned and very near to Arnhem is also one of the major cities in this province?
Answer: Nijmegen

The friendly guy goes on to explain that Arnhem is the capital of the province of Gelderland. It is the largest province of the Netherlands, located in the eastern and central part of the Netherlands. Other notable cities in this province include Nijmegen, Apeldoorn and Zutphen. Arnhem houses the government building on the provincial level. This is where the King's Commissioner, the head of the province has his (or her) offices. It is also where the Provincial Council and the Provincial Executive are located. Nijmegen is located close to Arnhem (approximately 14 kilometres apart). They often work together on regional projects. The fans of their soccer teams (Vitesse and NEC respectively) mostly do not get along though.
    Your options: [ Nijmegen ] [ Eindhoven ] [ Rotterdam ] [ Maastricht ]
  From Quiz: Arriving in Arnhem
36 The Closure Dike connects two provinces in the Netherlands. Which provinces are they?
Answer: Noord-Holland and Friesland

They started building the dike in 1927 and finished the job on 28 May 1932, and at 13.02 hours, de Vlieter (the last hole of the dike) was closed.
As a result there was now a connection for cars and bikes to go from one province to the other and that road was officially opened on September 25 1933.
    Your options: [ Noord-Holland and Zeeland ] [ Noord-Holland and Zuid-Holland ] [ Noord-Holland and Friesland ] [ Noord-Holland and Utrecht ]
  From Quiz: Delta Projects in The Netherlands
37 Which canal is Anne Frank's house on?
Answer: Prinsengracht

The Frank and Van Pel families went into hiding in a secret annexe during World War 2. The entrance to the secret annexe was covered by a swinging bookcase.
    Your options: [ Herengracht ] [ Prinsengracht ] [ Keizersgracht ] [ Singelgracht ]
  From Quiz: Take a Trip to Amsterdam
38 How many subway-stations does Rotterdam have?
Answer: over 40

The first subway of Rotterdam was opened February 9th, 1968.
The 6,4 kilometres long route from Central Station to Zuidplein (South Square) used to be world's shortest subway.
Various enlargements later the Rotterdam subway has grown to two different lines: the Erasmus-line from north to south ant the Caland-line from east to west.
On November 4th, 2002 the enlargement of the Caland-line to Spijkenisse (I've been told in English this is Spike City) was opened.

In Capelle aan den IJssel there are three stations as well. Spike City also has three stations. Schiedam has two stations.
  From Quiz: Rotterdam: What Do You Know?
39 What is the name of the region in the northern part of North Holland with the cities Hoorn and Enkhuizen?
Answer: West Friesland

West Friesland belonged to Friesland in the Middle Ages. Kennemerland and Het Gooi are in the southern part of North Holland, Westland is in South Holland.
  From Quiz: The Two Hollands
40 Keistad (Big Stone City)
Answer: Amersfoort

Amersfoort is in the middle of the country. I have been there a few times, but I have never seen any big stone there.
    Your options: [ Utrecht ] [ Betondorp ] [ Assen ] [ Amersfoort ]
  From Quiz: City Nicknames in the Netherlands
The rest of the questions and answers can be found in our quizzes here:
Netherlands Quizzes