St Peter's BasilicaThe Western WallSt Basil's CathedralBorobudurGolden TempleSalt Lake TempleSalt Cathedral of ZipaquiráKaabaGreat Mosque of DjennéIse Grand Shrine* Drag / drop or click on the choices above to move them to the answer list.
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Golden Temple
The Golden Temple is located in Amritsar, the second largest city in the northern Indian state of Punjab. The temple is a Sikh Gurdwara, a place where Sikhs worship and meet. Work on the temple was started in 1581; the temple was rebuilt a number of times after attacks by invading armies. The final version of the temple was built in 1809 from marble and copper, with gold leaf being used to coat the sanctum in 1830 which gives the temple its golden colour and therefore its name.
The Golden Temple is a very important spiritual site in the Sikh religion and is one of the three holiest sites for Sikhs.
2. Great Mosque of Djenné
The Great Mosque of Djenne is a large mosque in the city of Djenne in the north African country of Mali. A mosque was first built in Djenne in the 13th century but this fell in to disrepair with the current building having been constructed in the early 20th century.
The mosque is built from earthern bricks and is rendered in plaster. It is part of the Old Towns of Djenne UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. St Basil's Cathedral
St Basil's Cathedral is located in Red Square in the Russian city of Moscow. The cathedral was built for the Russian Orthodox church and was consecrated in 1561. The Russian Orthodox church is one of the churches that make up the Eastern Orthodox branch of Christianity, a form of Christianity that originally developed and grew in Greek cultures in the area of the eastern Mediterranean.
St Basil's Cathedral was turned into a museum in the 1920s due to the Soviet Union's campaigns against religion. Orthodox Christian services started again in 1997 following the break up of the USSR in 1991; however, the cathedral building still belongs to the state not the church.
4. St Peter's Basilica
St Peter's Basilica is a major church located in the tiny city-state of Vatican City which is completely surrounded by, but independent from, the Italian city of Rome.
St Peter's Basilica is an important church for Roman Catholics and many Catholics travel to St Peter's every year to partake in services officiated by the Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. Although the Pope is closely associated with St Peter's and it is the church where most Papal ceremonies occur, it is not actually the Pope's official seat, with that honour going to the Archbasilica of St John Lateran which is located northwest of Vatican City in the city of Rome itself.
The Kaaba is located in the centre of the Masjid al-Haram mosque in the city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The name Kaaba translates literally as 'the cube' and the structure is a stone building which is usually covered with a fabric cover containing golden inscriptions.
The Kaaba is the holiest site in the religion of Islam and is regarded as the house of god. Rituals surrounding the Kaaba are a crucial part of the Hajj pilgrimage which Muslims are required to complete once in their lifetime, if possible.
The Kaaba is the site towards which all Muslims orient themselves when praying.
Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the world and is located on the island of Java in Indonesia. The temple was originally built in the 9th century and was built in a style which blended Buddhism with indigenous Indonesian religious traditions. It is likely that Borobudur was abandoned sometime after the conversion of Java to Islam. A number of restorations have taken place, designed to preserve the temple. The first of these was in 1911 and the Indonesian government, in partnership with UNESCO, undertook a large restoration in the late 1970s. Borobudur was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991.
Following the restoration in the 1970s the site is now used again for Buddhist worship. The site forms a key part of the celebration of Vesak for Buddhists in Indonesia. Vesak is the day Buddhists celebrate the birth, death and the enlightenment of the Buddha.
7. Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá
The Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá is located near the city of Zipaquirá in Colombia. The cathedral was built within a salt mine and is located 200 metres underground. The site is a Roman Catholic church which hosts regular Sunday services, but is not officially a cathedral in the eyes of the church as it is not the seat of a bishop.
A cathedral was first built in the salt mines in the 1950s but this was closed in 1992 due to safety concerns about structural problems. A new salt cathedral was built which opened in 1995.
8. The Western Wall
The Western Wall, sometimes referred to as the Wailing Wall or Buraq Wall, is located in the city of Jerusalem. The Western Wall is an important holy site in Judaism as it was originally built as part of the complex of the Second Temple and is the closest place Jews can pray to the Temple Mount.
The Western Wall also has spiritual significance for Muslims as it is believed to be the site where, on his last visit to Jerusalem, the Prophet Muhammad tied his winged horse.
9. Ise Grand Shrine
The Ise Grand Shrine is a network of Shinto shrines located across the city of Ise on the Japanese island of Honshu. The two most important shrines are the Inner Shrine called the Naiku and the Outer Shrine or Geku.
The Inner Shrine is one of the holiest Shinto sites and is dedicated to the sun goddess Amaterasu. The chief priest or priestess of the shrine is a member of the Imperial House of Japan. The Inner Shrine is believed to be the home of the Sacred Mirror, one of the three Sacred Treasures of Japan. The Outer Shrine is dedicated to the the god of agriculture, rice harvest and industry who is called Toyouke-Omikami.
Both the Inner and Outer Shrines are wooden buildings which are rebuilt every twenty years as part of the Shinto belief in the spirit of Tokowaka, which acknowledges the importance of death and renewal and that things are impermanent. It also serves as a way of teaching traditional building skills to the next generation.
10. Salt Lake Temple
The Salt Lake Temple is a temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who are also referred to as the Mormon Church. The Temple is located in Salt Lake City in the US State of Utah and is the largest Mormon temple, with a floor area of over 253,000 square feet. Due to the sanctity of the temple, only members of the church are allowed inside.
The Temple is located close to the headquarters of the church and contains meeting rooms where the governing bodies of the church can meet, including the First Presidency and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. The building is also the location of the Holy of Holies where the president of the church can engage in a direct relationship with God.