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# Wholly Cow! Trivia Quiz

### Logic puzzle #3. Read premise & clues carefully before solving. Best to answer questions in order as they draw on prior conclusions. Pencil & paper may help you keep track (make a grid if you're familiar with the technique). Take your time & have fun!

A multiple-choice quiz by gracious1. Estimated time: 20 mins.

Author
Time
20 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
359,884
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
15
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
11 / 15
Plays
644
Awards
Top 20% Quiz
Question 1 of 15
1. THE PREMISE: The cows shown at the Quizzyland County Fair, held this year in the USA, included many fine animals. Rosie and three other bovine beauties, each a different breed, took top prizes. Harried Helga agreed to judge them this year, but at the awards ceremony, the pigs in the neighboring tent broke loose and trampled her notes! Can you help the prize committee sort out the mess?

Prizes - 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th
Farmers - Al, Cal, Hal, Sal
Cows' breeds - Angus, Guernsey, Hereford, Shorthorn
Cows' names - Rosie, Daisy, Lilac, Petunia

THE CLUES, from Helga's notes:
A - Sal does not own Lilac.
B - Sal's cow placed higher than Daisy but lower than the Guernsey.
C - The Guernsey is not Petunia.
D - Al's cow placed one rank higher than Hal's.
E - The Hereford placed higher than Al's cow.
F - Petunia placed either first or last.
G - Hal does not own the Angus.

Match each prize with correct farmer and his cow, and her breed. ~ N.B. You may find it easier to answer the questions in order, as some questions draw on information learned in prior questions. Use pencil & paper to make a grid or chart to keep track of clues and conclusions. ~

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Question 1 -
Let's make sure you understand THE CLUES. Which of these rankings is TRUE, according to THE CLUES? (Read ">" as "placed higher than".)
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Question 2 of 15
2. Enough warm-up; let's fill in the gaps. Which comely cow does Farmer Sal own? Hint

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Question 3 of 15
3. Which farmer's cow came in first?
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Question 4 of 15
4. Which farmer owned the charming cow who placed last (fourth)? Hint

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Question 5 of 15
5. Which farmer owns the third-placed bovine beauty?
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Question 6 of 15
6. So now tell me, by elimination, whose captivating cow captured second? Hint

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Question 7 of 15
7. Now that we've put the farmers with each prize, we need to sort out the cows!
Which ribbon did ravishing Rosie win?*

*(FYI: The Quizzyland County Fair is using USA colors this year. It's not important to figuring out the puzzle, but only added for interest.)
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Question 8 of 15
8. Which bewitching breed of cow fetched first prize?
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Question 9 of 15
9. Does Farmer Cal own the gorgeous Guernsey?

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Question 10 of 15
10. Which farmer brought the handsome Hereford to the fair?
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Question 11 of 15
11. Who owns the attractive Angus? Hint

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Question 12 of 15
12. Let's put ribbons on the rest of the contestants! Clue F tells us Petunia placed either first or last (fourth). So which is it?

Answer: (One word. Write 'first' or 'last', or you may write '1st' or '4th')

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Question 13 of 15
13. What breed is pretty Petunia?

(Hint: Solve questions 2-4, 9, 10, and 12 first. If you're stumped, skip on. You can solve the remaining questions without this one.)
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Question 14 of 15
14. Which beauteous bovine brought home third prize?
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Question 15 of 15
15. Lastly, which prize did lovely Lilac land?
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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. THE PREMISE: The cows shown at the Quizzyland County Fair, held this year in the USA, included many fine animals. Rosie and three other bovine beauties, each a different breed, took top prizes. Harried Helga agreed to judge them this year, but at the awards ceremony, the pigs in the neighboring tent broke loose and trampled her notes! Can you help the prize committee sort out the mess? Prizes - 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Farmers - Al, Cal, Hal, Sal Cows' breeds - Angus, Guernsey, Hereford, Shorthorn Cows' names - Rosie, Daisy, Lilac, Petunia THE CLUES, from Helga's notes: A - Sal does not own Lilac. B - Sal's cow placed higher than Daisy but lower than the Guernsey. C - The Guernsey is not Petunia. D - Al's cow placed one rank higher than Hal's. E - The Hereford placed higher than Al's cow. F - Petunia placed either first or last. G - Hal does not own the Angus. Match each prize with correct farmer and his cow, and her breed. ~ N.B. You may find it easier to answer the questions in order, as some questions draw on information learned in prior questions. Use pencil & paper to make a grid or chart to keep track of clues and conclusions. ~ +++ Question 1 - Let's make sure you understand THE CLUES. Which of these rankings is TRUE, according to THE CLUES? (Read ">" as "placed higher than".)

Answer: Both of these are true

Clue B tells us right off the bat that the Guernsey placed higher than Sal's cow, who placed higher than Daisy.
Clues E and D together tell us that the Hereford placed higher than Al's cow (clue E), who placed higher than Hal's cow (clue D).
Therefore, both statements are true.
2. Enough warm-up; let's fill in the gaps. Which comely cow does Farmer Sal own?

Clue A tells us that Sal does not own Lilac, period.

Clue F tells us that Petunia placed first or last.
Clue B tells us Sal's cow had someone ranked above and below her, so Sal's cow must be either second or third.
Therefore, Petunia cannot be Sal's cow!

That leaves either Daisy or Rosie for Farmer Sal.
Clue B eliminates Daisy (Sal's cow placed higher than Daisy).
Therefore, Sal owns ravishing Rosie!
3. Which farmer's cow came in first?

Clue B tells us Sal's cow had someone ranking above and below, so she must be either second or third.
Clue D tells Hal's cow ranked lower than Al's. Clue E tells us Al's cow ranked lower than the Hereford. So Al and Hal are bother eliminated from 1st prize.
That leaves only Cal's bovine beauty to win the blue ribbon.*

*(FYI: The Quizzyland County Fair is using USA colors this year. It's not important to figuring out the puzzle, but added for interest.)
4. Which farmer owned the charming cow who placed last (fourth)?

Clue B eliminates Sal (his cow ranked higher than Daisy).
Clue D eliminates Al (his cow ranked higher Hal's).
We know from question 1 that Cal won the top prize for his cow.
That leaves only Hal for the yellow ribbon. There were a dozen cows showing, so fourth of twelve is still respectable!
5. Which farmer owns the third-placed bovine beauty?

We just learned from question 4 that Hal's cow placed last (fourth). Clue D tells us that Al's cow placed one rank higher than Hal's. Therefore, Al's cow came in third and took the white ribbon.
6. So now tell me, by elimination, whose captivating cow captured second?

We've eliminated all the other farmers:
Cal's cow came in first (see question 3, which used clues B, D & E).
Hal's cow came in last (see question 4 if necessary).
Al's cow came in third (see question 5 if necessary).
That leaves Sal as the second-place owner!
7. Now that we've put the farmers with each prize, we need to sort out the cows! Which ribbon did ravishing Rosie win?* *(FYI: The Quizzyland County Fair is using USA colors this year. It's not important to figuring out the puzzle, but only added for interest.)

We know from question 2 that Sal owns Rosie.
We know from question 6 that Sal's cow took second prize.
Ergo, Rosie the runner-up won took the red ribbon!

How appropriate, given that red is the most popular color of rose, especially in the USA! Cleopatra is said to have used red roses to seduce Mark Antony.
8. Which bewitching breed of cow fetched first prize?

Clue B tells the Guernsey placed higher than Sal's cow.
We learned from question 6 that Sal's cow took second prize.
Therefore, the Guernsey garnered first prize.

Guernsey cattle, usually fawn with white markings, developed in the British Channel Island of Guernsey. It is well known for its rich milk, golden in color due to its high beta-carotene content.
9. Does Farmer Cal own the gorgeous Guernsey?

Cal's entry won first place (question 3), and the Guernsey took first place (question 8). Therefore, Cal owns the Guernsey.

Unfortunately, in the USA, if you buy milk with the Golden Guernsey trademark, you are likely not getting milk from Guernseys, but from Holsteins. Since the 1970s, it is difficult, if not impossible, to find 100% Guernsey milk in the States.
10. Which farmer brought the handsome Hereford to the fair?

Clue E states that the Hereford placed higher than Al's cow.
Question 5 tells us that Al's cow came in third (review if necessary).
Therefore, the Hereford must place first or second.
Question 9 tells us that Cal owns the Guernsey, so he can't own the Hereford.
Since the Hereford can't be first, it must be second.
Sal's cow came in second (question 6).
Therefore, Sal owns the Hereford!

We also know that since Sal owns Rosie as per question 2, she is the Hereford! By the way, Hereford cattle originated in Herefordshire, England, and are found all over the world in temperate climes.
11. Who owns the attractive Angus?

Cal owns the Guernsey (question 9).
Sal owns the Hereford (question 10).
That leaves us with Hal and Al.
Clue G states that Hal does not own the Angus.
Therefore, Al owns the Angus. How alliterative!
(Also by elimination, Hal owns the Shorthorn.)

Angus cattle, also called Aberdeen Angus, originated in the counties of Aberdeenshire and Angus, Scotland. George Grant introduced the breed to America in 1873.
12. Let's put ribbons on the rest of the contestants! Clue F tells us Petunia placed either first or last (fourth). So which is it?

You had a 50-50 shot with this one! Did you make a wild guess or could you use logic?
Clue F tells us Petunia placed either first or last (fourth).
The Guernsey came in first (see question 8).
Clue C tells us that Petunia is not the Guernsey.
Petunia, therefore, did not place first, and consequently, she must be last.

The decorative petunia plants come in many colors and were developed in South America. They are actually closely related to tomatoes, potatoes, and tobacco.
13. What breed is pretty Petunia? (Hint: Solve questions 2-4, 9, 10, and 12 first. If you're stumped, skip on. You can solve the remaining questions without this one.)

If Al owns the Angus (question 11)*, and Sal owns the Hereford (question 10), and Cal owns the Guernsey (question 9), then Hal must own the Shorthorn.
Hal's cow came in last (question 4).
Petunia came in last (question 12).
Therefore Petunia is the Shorthorn!

Shorthorn cattle originated in the northeast of England in the late 1700s for both dairy and meat production. Shorthorns were among the first cattle brought to Australia, in 1800.

*(Or, if you couldn't solve question 11, clue G states that Hal does NOT own the Angus. That still leaves only the Shorthorn.)
14. Which beauteous bovine brought home third prize?

Clue B tells us that Daisy placed lower than Sal's cow.
Sal's cow is 2nd-place winner Rosie (questions 6 & 7).
So Daisy must be third or fourth.
We know Petunia placed last (question 12).
So that leaves only third place for delightful Daisy, who proudly wears the white ribbon, the same color as her namesake!

The common daisy, also known as bruisewort, represents children and innocence, and is a corruption of "day's eye", as the flower's head closes at dusk and opens at dawn.
15. Lastly, which prize did lovely Lilac land?

It's a simple elimination. Petunia placed fourth (question 12), and Daisy placed third (question 14), and Rosie placed second (question 7). Therefore, Lilac is the bovine beauty who took the blue ribbon!

We congratulate Lilac for winning the top prize. She will be featured in the parade on the last day of the fair. Her float will be decorated with sweet-smelling lilacs from Rochester, NY, which holds a Lilac Festival each May. Lilacs were originally brought to Europe courtesy of the Ottoman Empire in the late 1500s.

In summary:
1st prize - Farmer Cal - Lilac - Guernsey
2nd prize - Farmer Sal - Rosie - Hereford
3rd prize - Farmer Al - Daisy - Angus
4th prize - Farmer Hal - Petunia - Shorthorn
Source: Author gracious1

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