Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. The Macedonian phalanx had a legendary reputation. It had never been defeated by a non-Greek army. Against which enemy did it have its most significant (and famous) victories?
2. At the time of Macedon's struggle with Rome, the Macedonian soldier, closed in the phalanx formation, was armed with which weapons?
3. The Roman army at the time was divided in legions. Legions had four different types of footmen, divided by experience. Which one of these groups was the most experienced?
4. One of Rome's most dangerous weapons was the heavy javelin, or pilum. Which units had this deadly weapon in their arsenal?
5. Rome and Macedon hadn't always been enemies, but Macedon had once allied itself with a general, an enemy of Rome, who used war elephants in battle. He had defeated the Romans in Italy and afterwards also fought in Sicily, with great success. Who was it?
6. While invading Persia, Alexander the Great had many battlefields to choose from to fight the great King Darius. The Persian challenged him on a wide, open battlefield, so that he could use his fearsome chariots. Why did Alexander accept this challenge?
7. At the time of the war between Rome and Macedon, in the heat of battle the phalanx was capable of what maneuvers or movements?
8. This unit, of about 120 men, allowed the Roman army greater flexibility, and gave its officers more space for initiative.
9. The legion met the phalanx on several occasions. What was the usual outcome?
10. Many factors contributed to Rome's victory over Macedon. Which one of these advantages favored Rome more than any other?
Source: Author Pyrrus
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