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Quiz about The 25000 Drug Pyramid Part I
Quiz about The 25000 Drug Pyramid Part I

The $25000 Drug Pyramid Part I Quiz


How much do you know about prescription and over-the-counter drugs? Start at the bottom of the pyramid with easier questions and work your way up to the insanity at the top!

A multiple-choice quiz by celicadriver. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
celicadriver
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
293,809
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
5346
Awards
Top 5% quiz!
Last 3 plays: Guest 156 (4/10), Guest 198 (8/10), Orange61 (6/10).
Question 1 of 10
1. $50. This drug has been used for pain relief for centuries, and now doctors prescribe it for cardiovascular health, too! It comes in 325mg tablets, 81mg tablets, and other dosage forms. What drug am I describing? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. $100. Loperamide comes in tablets, capsules, and an oral liquid. A typical dose is 1-2mg. It does something that opioid narcotics do, but it is actually an over-the-counter drug. So what exactly does loperamide do? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. $250. You might have seen advertisements for Zoloft (generic name: sertraline). To what class of drugs does Zoloft belong? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. $500. Which one of these drugs is used to treat hyperlipidemia (excessive "bad" cholesterol in the blood)? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. $1000. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) can help relieve the symptoms of heartburn, also known as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). Which of these drugs is a PPI? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. $2500. This drug is a macrolide antibiotic. Often appearing in 250mg tablet form, it may be used to treat (among other things) respiratory tract infections. What drug am I talking about? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. $5000. Transplant recipients require maintenance medication to help their new organs (hearts, kidneys, livers) "feel at home" in their bodies. Otherwise, the body's immune system interprets the new tissue as an invader, and tries to reject it! So, which of the following is NOT an antirejection drug? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. $10000. You might have heard of glimepiride (Amaryl) before - maybe you or someone you know takes it. To what therapeutic class of drugs does glimepiride belong? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. $20000. Which of these medications is an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. $25000. Malignant hyperthermia is a rare, life-threatening reaction to anesthesia. Which of these drugs is given to treat malignant hyperthermia? Hint



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Most Recent Scores
Jul 16 2024 : Guest 156: 4/10
Jul 06 2024 : Guest 198: 8/10
Jul 02 2024 : Orange61: 6/10
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Score Distribution

quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. $50. This drug has been used for pain relief for centuries, and now doctors prescribe it for cardiovascular health, too! It comes in 325mg tablets, 81mg tablets, and other dosage forms. What drug am I describing?

Answer: Aspirin

Aspirin is a salicylate analgesic (pain reliever) as well as an antiplatelet agent. (Simply put, it's a "blood thinner" that inhibits the formation of blood clots, thereby preventing a stroke or a heart attack.) It is also a fever reducer. If you have ever seen the abbreviation ASA and wondered what it meant, well, it means aspirin! APAP is the abbreviation for acetaminophen, also known as Tylenol.
2. $100. Loperamide comes in tablets, capsules, and an oral liquid. A typical dose is 1-2mg. It does something that opioid narcotics do, but it is actually an over-the-counter drug. So what exactly does loperamide do?

Answer: Treats the symptoms of diarrhea

Also called Imodium, loperamide "slows things down." Bismuth subsalicyalte (Pepto-Bismol) is another other-the-counter remedy. A narcotic option for treating diarrhea is diphenoxylate-atropine (Lomotil), a C-V controlled substance.

When deciding on an over-the-counter medication for diarrhea or any condition, always carefully read and follow the directions and warnings on the package, and ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure of anything. Diarrhea can lead to more serious problems, or it may be a sign of an underlying condition.
3. $250. You might have seen advertisements for Zoloft (generic name: sertraline). To what class of drugs does Zoloft belong?

Answer: SSRI antidepressants

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) help relieve the symptoms of depression by restoring the body's balance of certain chemicals called neurotransmitters. SSRIs are popular due to their relatively low side effect and drug interaction profiles. Two other drugs in this class are paroxetine (Paxil) and fluoxetine (Prozac).
4. $500. Which one of these drugs is used to treat hyperlipidemia (excessive "bad" cholesterol in the blood)?

Answer: Atorvastatin (Lipitor)

Other drugs in atorvastatin's class include simvastatin (Zocor), rosuvastatin (Crestor), and lovastatin (Mevacor). With the official name of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, it's easy to see why most people call them "statins." Two other classes of antihyperlipidemics are bile acid sequestrants and fibric acid derivatives.
5. $1000. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) can help relieve the symptoms of heartburn, also known as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). Which of these drugs is a PPI?

Answer: Omeprazole (Prilosec)

Among other dosage forms, omeprazole comes as a 20mg delayed-release capsule, and as a peach-flavored powder to be mixed with water. Have you ever seen the advertisements for the "little purple pill?" The purple pill in question is another proton pump inhibitor, esomeprazole (Nexium).

Other treatment options for heartburn include antacids like magnesium hydroxide, aluminum hydroxide, or calcium carbonate, as well as H2 blockers such as famotidine (Pepcid) and ranitidine (Zantac).
6. $2500. This drug is a macrolide antibiotic. Often appearing in 250mg tablet form, it may be used to treat (among other things) respiratory tract infections. What drug am I talking about?

Answer: Azithromycin (Zithromax)

All of the choices listed were antibiotics, but azithromycin was the only macrolide among them. Zithromax may be dispensed as a Z-Pak, a dosing system in which the patient takes two 250mg doses immediately, and then one 250mg dose per day for the next four days - a short and powerful course of treatment.

The sheer number of different varieties of antibiotics is stunning indeed. This is because different bacteria require different drugs to kill them or inhibit their growth. And the selection of antibiotics is expanding all the time, as new drugs are developed to combat strains that are resistant to existing drugs.
7. $5000. Transplant recipients require maintenance medication to help their new organs (hearts, kidneys, livers) "feel at home" in their bodies. Otherwise, the body's immune system interprets the new tissue as an invader, and tries to reject it! So, which of the following is NOT an antirejection drug?

Answer: Mesalamine (Asacol, Pentasa)

Mesalamine is prescribed for inflammation of the bowel. The Pentasa variety comes as a 250mg controlled-release capsule, and Asacol is a 400mg delayed-release tablet. The two other forms of this drug are Canasa and Rowasa.

Maybe you've seen the ads for cyclosporine ophthalmic solution (Restasis). It's interesting to note that cyclosporine is an antirejection drug that can also relieve the symptoms of dry eye.
8. $10000. You might have heard of glimepiride (Amaryl) before - maybe you or someone you know takes it. To what therapeutic class of drugs does glimepiride belong?

Answer: Oral hypoglycemics: sulfonylureas

Type II diabetics may be able to use oral hypoglycemic medications as part of their treatment regimen, but oral drugs won't work for type I diabetics; these patients need to inject insulin. Oral hypoglycemic medications fall into several classes, with each class employing a different mechanism of action to lower blood glucose. Sulfonylureas like Amaryl work by stimulating higher insulin production in the body.
9. $20000. Which of these medications is an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor?

Answer: Benazepril (Lotensin)

ACE inhibitors such as Benazepril help lower blood pressure, and are frequently prescribed for patients with congestive heart failure.

Some therapeutic classes include drugs with similar sounding names. This can assist health care professionals with memorization. We saw this with the "statins," and it generally holds true for ACE inhibitors as well - their names usually end in "-pril." Other drugs in this class include lisinopril and captopril. But just as with foreign languages, one must be careful, because there are false friends out there - never assume a drug falls into a particular class because of its name.
10. $25000. Malignant hyperthermia is a rare, life-threatening reaction to anesthesia. Which of these drugs is given to treat malignant hyperthermia?

Answer: Dantrolene (Dantrium)

Dantrolene is a skeletal muscle relaxant that also reverses the skyrocketing body temperature and other symptoms associated with malignant hyperthermia.

If you answered all ten questions correctly, congratulations are in order... But I'm afraid the only prizes are bragging rights and/or 100 FunTrivia points (plus bonus points, where applicable). The $25000 was, sadly, a metaphorical prize contrived to provide additional structure to this quiz. At any rate, I hope you enjoyed the quiz and learned something new.

Clarification of some details in this quiz was provided by Don A. Ballington and Mary M. Laughlin's Pharmacology for Technicians, 3rd edition, and Harold M. Silverman's The Pill Book, 12th edition.
Source: Author celicadriver

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor crisw before going online.
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