Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Named for the Greek goddess of the Moon, what do you call the study of the lunar surface and its physical features?
2. The darker spots (basaltic plains) visible on the Moon's surface were named as maria (seas), along with one oceanus (ocean) by early astronomers. How many named maria are there?
3. The first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon was the Soviet impactor, Luna 2. It 'landed' just east of the mare known as the Sea of Showers, translated from what Latin name?
4. Shortly after the Soviet success with Luna 2, NASA's Pioneer 4 succeeded in capturing this first-ever photo of the far side of the Moon.
5. Ranger 7 was the first American spacecraft to successfully impact on the Moon, nearly five years after Luna 2. It struck the surface in Mare Cognitum, which translates as what?
6. The Soviets won another race to the Moon when they successfully managed to soft-land a controlled descent with their Luna 9 spacecraft. It touched down in Oceanus Procellarum, which translates as?
7. Of course the ultimate race, putting the first man on the moon, was won by the Americans and the Apollo 11 mission. It landed in Mare Tranquillitatis, which translates as Sea of ... what?
8. Six different Apollo landings brought back lunar rock samples between 1969 and 1972. The Soviets were able to procure their own rock samples with the unmanned lander Luna 16, which landed in the Sea of Fertility. By what Latin name is this mare known?
9. It wasn't until the 1990s that a nation other than the Soviet Union or the United States put a spacecraft on the Moon. Which country's robotic probe, named Hiten, achieved lunar orbit in 1990, then was deliberately crashed onto the surface in 1993?
10. The last soft landing of a spacecraft in the 20th century occurred in 1976 (USSR's Luna 24). It was not until 2013 that China achieved the next controlled descent and landing with Chang'e 3 (named for the Chinese goddess of the Moon). Pictured here is the lunar rover Yutu, named after Chang'e's mythological pet what?
Source: Author reedy
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