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Quiz about A Brief History of the Euros
Quiz about A Brief History of the Euros

A Brief History of the Euros Trivia Quiz


The European Championship is one of the most-watched sporting competitions in the world. Its history is as fascinating as the action on the pitch. Let's delve into it!

A multiple-choice quiz by TheOracler. Estimated time: 7 mins.
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Author
TheOracler
Time
7 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
405,714
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
20
Difficulty
Tough
Avg Score
11 / 20
Plays
119
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. In which decade was the idea of a pan-European football tournament first proposed? Hint

1950s
1910s
1920s
1940s

2. The competition was fundamentally flawed in its early years, with only four teams featuring in the inaugural edition of the competition in 1960. Which of these nations featured in the finals of the 1960 event? Hint

West Germany
Belgium
Poland
Yugoslavia

3. Which of these statements about the 1964 European Championship is *NOT* true? Hint

The tournament was won by the hosts
The eventual champions were originally disqualified
The Soviet Union refused to defend their title
Bilateral political issues forced a team to drop out

4. Which of these firsts was *NOT* introduced to the Euros for the 1968 edition? Hint

Introduction of group stage qualification
First finals to feature eight teams
First appearance of England in the finals
First time a democratic country won the tournament

5. The 1972 final saw West Germany thrash the Soviet Union 3-0 to win the competition for the first time. Who was the only player not representing one of the two finalists who was named in the UEFA Team of the Tournament? Hint

Raoul Lambert (Belgium)
Luigi Riva (Italy)
Lajos Ku (Hungary)
Ivica Osim (Yugoslavia)

6. Which of these rather strange statements about Euro 1976 is true? Hint

An odd number of teams participated in the finals
Gerd Muller did not score a single goal
Every single match went to extra time
The hosts of the tournament had not qualified

7. Euro 1980 saw West Germany win the championship for a second time, defeating Belgium 2-1 in the final. German forward Klaus Allofs was also the Golden Boot winner, scoring all of his three tournament goals in the same game during the group stage. Against which familiar foe did Allofs score his hat-trick? Hint

Czechoslovakia
England
Netherlands
France

8. Euro 1984 is almost universally recognised as Michel Platini's tournament, after the French superstar dominated from start to finish with an incredible nine goals in just five games. After Platini, who was France's top scorer? Hint

Bruno Bellone
Jean-Francois Domergue
Jean-Pierre Papin
Alain Giresse

9. Euro 1988 is now largely remembered for the logic-defying volley scored by Netherlands forward Marco van Basten in the final. While everyone may remember the goal, who provided the assist? Hint

Ronald Koeman
Adri van Tiggelen
Frank de Boer
Arnold Muhren

10. Euro 1992 created one of the all-time great fairytale stories in footballing history as Denmark went from failing to qualify for the competition to winning the entire tournament. How many days before the tournament began did the Danes discover that they would indeed be playing at Euro 92? Hint

6 days
10 days
18 days
23 days

11. A lot changed in the world of football between Euro 1992 and Euro 1996. Which of these innovative changes arrived in football first? Hint

The backpass rule
The golden goal
The first Premier League match
Three points for a win is agreed by UEFA and FIFA

12. Euro 1996 saw Germany take on the Czech Republic in the final in what was a re-match of sorts of the 1976 final. Which of these statements in regard to the 1996 final is *NOT* true? Hint

The Czechs scored a penalty in the final
A losing player won Man of the Match
The Czech manager in 1996 was in the 1976 team as a player
The Czech captain in 1996 played the same position as the Czech captain in 1976

13. Which two nations made their European Championship finals debuts at Euro 2000? Hint

Norway and Slovenia
Bulgaria and Turkey
Switzerland and Croatia
Romania and Portugal

14. Which strange occurrence happened at Euro 2004? Hint

No first-time qualifiers participated
The first match featured the same two teams as the final match
There was not a single 0-0 draw in the tournament
The eventual champions were 500/1 at the start of the tournament to win

15. The final of Euro 2008 saw Spain win their second title, defeating Germany 1-0. This was the 13th European Championship final; how many of those 13 finals had been won by a one goal margin? (finals that were won by one goal in extra time count) Hint

7
9
6
8

16. Euro 2012 witnessed a strange phenomenon of six different players finishing the tournament as top scorer. Half of those players had which first name? Hint

Mario
Michael
David
Robin

17. 2016 was the first Euros to see 24 teams in the finals. Portugal came out as champions by defeating hosts France in the final. Throughout the tournament, how many games did Portugal win within the standard 90 minutes? Hint

0
1
2
3

18. Between 1956 and 2021, how many European Cups (Champions League) have been won by clubs based in the 11 host cities of Euro 2020? Hint

22
10
14
17

19. Of the following four players, who scored the most goals in European Championship tournaments? (Excluding qualifiers) Hint

Miroslav Klose
Savo Milosevic
Nuno Gomes
David Trezeguet

20. The winner of the European Football Championship receives the Henri Delaunay Trophy. Who was Henri Delaunay? Hint

The first President of France
The Secretary-General of the French Football Federation
The first player to score at the Euros
The first Secretary-General of FIFA


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. In which decade was the idea of a pan-European football tournament first proposed?

Answer: 1920s

The idea of the competition began with Henri Delaunay in 1927. Delaunay was the Secretary-General of the French Football Federation. Delaunay was clearly before his time, as he was also a proponent of what would become the Champions League as early as the 1920s.

Delaunay unfortunately did not live to see his dreams come to life. He died in 1955, three years before it was officially announced that the European Championship would be created.
2. The competition was fundamentally flawed in its early years, with only four teams featuring in the inaugural edition of the competition in 1960. Which of these nations featured in the finals of the 1960 event?

Answer: Yugoslavia

A total of 17 teams entered the qualification phase, which created administrative issues from the start. To even out the amount of teams to a more usable 16, the Republic of Ireland were randomly selected to face Czechoslovakia in a preliminary round, which was won by the latter side. The 16 remaining sides then took part in a two-legged knockout round in the Round of 16, with games being played in both 1958 and 1959. The eight winners from the Round of 16 then competed in another straight knockout, leaving four teams left for the finals that were held in France in July 1960.

The four remaining teams were the hosts France, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. In the semi-finals, the Soviet Union defeated Czechoslovakia 3-0 while France were stunned 5-4 by the Yugoslavs. The Soviets then sealed the title with a 2-1 win over Yugoslavia in the final.
3. Which of these statements about the 1964 European Championship is *NOT* true?

Answer: The Soviet Union refused to defend their title

The 1964 competition ran in a similar way to the 1960 edition, albeit with more nations taking part in the qualification process (29 in 1964 compared to 17 in 1960). As the defending champions, the Soviet Union was given a bye in the first qualifying round, entering at the Round of 16. Victories over two legs against Italy and Sweden in the qualification stages saw the Soviets qualify for the tournament again. They would lose 2-1 to Spain in the 1964 final, in front of 79,000 people at the Santiago Bernabeu stadium.

However, Spain very nearly didn't participate at all. Spain, under the dictatorship of General Franco at the time, had refused to travel to the Soviet Union for a qualifier four years earlier for the 1960 tournament. However, Franco changed his mind eventually and allowed his Spain side to compete in 1964. Greece were drawn against Albania in the first qualifying round, but due to diplomatic issues and the complicated relationship between the two countries at the time, Greece pulled out.
4. Which of these firsts was *NOT* introduced to the Euros for the 1968 edition?

Answer: First finals to feature eight teams

A total of 31 teams entered the qualification phase, divided into groups of four (with one group of three). Similar in nature to Champions League groups in the 21st century, the four teams in each group played each other home and away and the top teams from each of the eight groups went through to a two-legged playoff to decide the four teams that would play in the finals of the competition. England qualified for the finals for the first time for the 1968 tournament, winning their group before knocking out the defending champions Spain in the two-legged playoff.

Italy was chosen to host the tournament, with England featuring alongside the 1960 finalists in the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. The tournament was perhaps best known for the infamous coin toss that followed the semi-final between Italy and the Soviet Union -- this was an era before penalty shootouts were considered an acceptable way to settle draws after extra time. Italy won the toss and went on to the final, where they defeated Yugoslavia 2-0 in a replay on 10 June 1968. After Khrushchev's communist Soviet Union won in 1960, followed by fascist Spain's victory in 1964, Italy was the first democratic country to win the tournament.
5. The 1972 final saw West Germany thrash the Soviet Union 3-0 to win the competition for the first time. Who was the only player not representing one of the two finalists who was named in the UEFA Team of the Tournament?

Answer: Raoul Lambert (Belgium)

The 1972 competition featured Belgium (who hosted the tournament), Hungary, West Germany and the Soviet Union. The Soviets faced Hungary in the semi-finals, with Anatoliy Konkov's goal winning it for the Russians. Two goals from the great Gerd Muller saw West Germany best the hosts Belgium 2-1. Muller would score twice in the final too as the West Germans comfortably won the championship. Lambert scored in the third-placed playoff, helping Belgium to a 2-1 victory over the Hungarians.

Ku scored for Hungary in the third-placed playoff, while Riva was named in the 1968 Team of the Tournament after scoring in the final replay. Osim was also named in the 1968 team.
6. Which of these rather strange statements about Euro 1976 is true?

Answer: Every single match went to extra time

Euro 1976, like all the previous tournaments thus far, contained four teams in the main draw. This included defending champions West Germany, hosts Yugoslavia, 1974 World Cup finalists the Netherlands and the eventual champions of Euro 1976, Czechoslovakia. Both semi-finals, the third-placed playoff and the final itself went to extra time. Czechoslovakia defeated the Netherlands 3-1 and West Germany beat Yugoslavia 4-2 in the semis. Gerd Muller scored a hat-trick in Die Mannschaft's victory.

The final itself was a classic. Czechoslovakia took a 2-0 first half lead but were eventually pegged back to 2-2. The match ultimately went to penalties, with Czechoslovakia winning 5-3 in the shootout. The penalty shootout became one of the most iconic moments in the history of the competition, with midfielder Antonin Panenka scoring the winning penalty with a delicately chipped effort. The technique he used has since been referred to as the "panenka", and was given a rebirth by Andrea Pirlo during Euro 2012.
7. Euro 1980 saw West Germany win the championship for a second time, defeating Belgium 2-1 in the final. German forward Klaus Allofs was also the Golden Boot winner, scoring all of his three tournament goals in the same game during the group stage. Against which familiar foe did Allofs score his hat-trick?

Answer: Netherlands

All of Allofs' goals came in West Germany's second group game, a 3-2 victory over the Netherlands. In Die Mannschaft's other games, they defeated Czechoslovakia 1-0 thanks to a goal from Karl-Heinz Rummenigge while they were held to a draw in their final group game against Greece. In the final, it was Allofs' strike partner Horst Hrubesch who grabbed the headlines with two goals that won the tournament. Interestingly, Allofs was not voted in the UEFA Team of the Tournament despite scoring more goals than anyone else.

Czechoslovakia and England were eliminated in the group stage, with the former ending up as the third placed team at the tournament. France did not qualify for the tournament.
8. Euro 1984 is almost universally recognised as Michel Platini's tournament, after the French superstar dominated from start to finish with an incredible nine goals in just five games. After Platini, who was France's top scorer?

Answer: Jean-Francois Domergue

Platini's nine goals was the highest goal tally ever at a European Championship. This included hat-tricks in the group stage against Belgium and Yugoslavia as well as the 119th minute winner in the semi-finals against Portugal and the opening goal in the final, a 2-0 victory over Spain. For his performances, as well as his superb efforts for Italian giants Juventus, he was awarded with the Ballon d'Or, which he also won in 1983 and 1985.

Still, other players had to chip in as well. Domergue scored twice in the tournament, both critical goals in the Portugal victory. Giresse scored in the 5-0 destruction of Belgium in Les Blues' second group game. Papin, a future Ballon d'Or winner in his own right, did not make his debut for France until 1986.
9. Euro 1988 is now largely remembered for the logic-defying volley scored by Netherlands forward Marco van Basten in the final. While everyone may remember the goal, who provided the assist?

Answer: Arnold Muhren

The goal has to be seen to be believed, but can best be described as a looping cross into the box from Muhren that was met with a sensational volley that somehow curved accurately enough back towards the goal and over the goal-keeper to go into the net. The goal is widely regarded as one of the best goals in European Championship history.

The Dutch won the final against the Soviet Union by a 2-0 score, with van Basten's volley adding to a first half lead provided by his strike partner Ruud Gullit. It was the first time that the Netherlands had won a major tournament.
10. Euro 1992 created one of the all-time great fairytale stories in footballing history as Denmark went from failing to qualify for the competition to winning the entire tournament. How many days before the tournament began did the Danes discover that they would indeed be playing at Euro 92?

Answer: 10 days

Denmark originally failed to qualify for the European Championships in 1992, finishing second in their qualification group to Yugoslavia. However, the breakout of Civil War in Yugoslavia in May 1992 led to the nation being placed under sanctions by the United Nations, with FIFA and UEFA formally suspending Yugoslavia from participation in the upcoming competition. Denmark officially took their place on 31 May 1992, with the competition beginning ten days later on 10 June.

A draw with England and a win over France was enough to see the Danes reach the semi-finals, where they faced the defending champions in the Netherlands. There, a penalty miss from 1988 hero Marco van Basten saw Denmark reach an improbable final where they incredibly defeated the world champions Germany 2-0 to win the tournament.
11. A lot changed in the world of football between Euro 1992 and Euro 1996. Which of these innovative changes arrived in football first?

Answer: The backpass rule

The backpass rule was first used on 24 July 1992, during the Summer Olympics in Barcelona. After the trial use, the rule was then used throughout the world of professional football and became enshrined in the Laws of the Game. The Premier League began in August 1992. The first recorded use of the Golden Goal, which would become particularly important at future European Championships, was in 1993.

While three points for a win had existed in English football since 1981, FIFA and UEFA only translated it to their tournaments from 1994.
12. Euro 1996 saw Germany take on the Czech Republic in the final in what was a re-match of sorts of the 1976 final. Which of these statements in regard to the 1996 final is *NOT* true?

Answer: The Czech manager in 1996 was in the 1976 team as a player

Germany and the Czech Republic had previously met in the 1976 final, although both were playing under different names two decades earlier. (West Germany vs Czechoslovakia) The Germans would avenge their 1976 defeat by winning 2-1 in extra-time, thanks to an Oliver Bierhoff brace after Patrik Berger scored from the penalty spot for the Czechs. Czech midfielder Karel Poborsky, who had impressed so much at Euro 1996 that he was named in the Team of the Tournament and moved to Manchester United that same summer, was named Man of the Match in the final. Indeed, the Czech captain in both finals was a sweeper, in the mould of Anton Ondrus (1976) and Miroslav Kadlec (1996).

Dusan Uhrin, who was the runner-up as coach of the Czech side in 1996, never played for the national team.
13. Which two nations made their European Championship finals debuts at Euro 2000?

Answer: Norway and Slovenia

Norway had a fair bit of international pedigree before 2000, having qualified for three World Cups (1938, 1994, 1998). However, this was the first time they had qualified for the Euros. Slovenia had been a part of Yugoslavia until achieving independence in 1991, and reached their first major tournament finals as a separate country in 2000.

Switzerland, Croatia, Bulgaria and Turkey all qualified for their first Euros during the expanded 1996 tournament, the first to feature 16 teams rather than 8. Of those four, only Turkey would repeat their achievement in qualifying for Euro 2000. Romania and Portugal did qualify in 2000, but both countries had already previously competed at the 1984 and 1996 tournaments.
14. Which strange occurrence happened at Euro 2004?

Answer: The first match featured the same two teams as the final match

Incredibly, both the first and last matches of Euro 2004 saw the hosts Portugal clash with rank outsiders Greece. Greece won both meetings, earning a 2-1 victory on the opening night and defeating Portugal 1-0 in the final three weeks later. Latvia was the only first-time participant, having sensationally defeated 2002 World Cup semi-finalists Turkey in a two-legged playoff to reach the finals of the tournament.

There were four 0-0 draws in the tournament, including group games between Switzerland and Croatia (13th June), Denmark and Italy (14th June) and Latvia and Germany (19th June). The quarter-final between Sweden and the Netherlands was the only match in the knockout phase to end 0-0. The Netherlands won on penalties.

Greece were outsiders, but were 150/1 odds rather than 500/1.
15. The final of Euro 2008 saw Spain win their second title, defeating Germany 1-0. This was the 13th European Championship final; how many of those 13 finals had been won by a one goal margin? (finals that were won by one goal in extra time count)

Answer: 7

Historically, European Championship finals have a tendency to be tight affairs. The first two finals, 1960 and 1964, saw the USSR defeat Yugoslavia 2-1 in extra time and Spain defeat the USSR 2-1 in normal time respectively. 1980 was the third occurrence of this, when West Germany defeated Belgium 2-1.

Every Euro final between 1996 and 2008 was decided by one goal. First of all, Germany defeated the Czech Republic 2-1 in extra time in 1996 while France defeated Italy by the same scoreline in 2000. (Both via golden goal as well) 2004 and 2008 saw 1-0 affairs, with Greece besting Portugal and Spain defeating Germany in the respective finals.

The 2016 tournament saw the eighth final to be decided by one goal, when Portugal defeated France 1-0 in extra time.
16. Euro 2012 witnessed a strange phenomenon of six different players finishing the tournament as top scorer. Half of those players had which first name?

Answer: Mario

The three Marios in question are Croatia's Mario Mandzukic, Germany's Mario Gomez and Italy's Mario Balotelli. Of the three, Balotelli was the only one to score a goal past the group stage when he scored both of Italy's goals in their 2-1 semi-final win over Germany. The other three players to be joint-top scorer were Russia's Alan Dzagoev, Portugal's Cristiano Ronaldo and Spain's Fernando Torres.

Spain thrashed Italy 4-0 in the final to win their joint-record third European Championship. Their 2012 win was their second consecutive European title and their third straight major tournament win. (alongside the 2010 World Cup)
17. 2016 was the first Euros to see 24 teams in the finals. Portugal came out as champions by defeating hosts France in the final. Throughout the tournament, how many games did Portugal win within the standard 90 minutes?

Answer: 1

Incredibly, Portugal finished third in their group during Euro 2016, which would have eliminated them in previous tournaments. They drew all three of their group games, tying with Iceland (1-1), Austria (0-0) and Hungary (3-3).

In the knockouts, Portugal won their Round of 16 clash with Croatia thanks to a Ricardo Quaresma goal in extra-time, while penalties were needed to separate them from Poland in the quarter-finals after a 1-1 draw. Their sole 90 minute victory came in the semi-finals against Wales, when goals from Cristiano Ronaldo and Nani saw them advance to the final. In the final, an Eder goal in extra-time sealed the victory and the championship for Portugal.
18. Between 1956 and 2021, how many European Cups (Champions League) have been won by clubs based in the 11 host cities of Euro 2020?

Answer: 14

The 11 host cities were London, Rome, Munich, Baku, Seville, Glasgow, Copenhagen, Amsterdam, Bucharest, Budapest and Saint Petersburg.

Munich is home to Bayern Munich, who had won six European Cups (1974, 1975, 1976, 2001, 2013, 2020). Amsterdam is home to Ajax, champions in 1971, 1972, 1973 and 1995. London is home to Chelsea, who won the European Cup in 2012 and 2021. It is also home to runners-up Arsenal (2006) and Tottenham Hotspur (2019). Steaua Bucharest won the competition in 1986 while Glasgow Celtic won in 1967. Italian club Roma were runners-up in 1984 while both Celtic and Steaua were runners-up in the immediate years following their European glory.

Sevilla have established themselves as a dominant force in the UEFA Cup/Europa League with six tournament wins in the 21st Century (2006, 2007, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2020). Zenit Saint Petersburg won the UEFA Cup in 2008.
19. Of the following four players, who scored the most goals in European Championship tournaments? (Excluding qualifiers)

Answer: Nuno Gomes

Gomes featured at three European Championships for Portugal between 2000 and 2008, scoring six times in 14 appearances. He was particularly prominent at Euro 2000, where he scored four times including a brace in the quarter-finals against Turkey. Milosevic netted five times at Euro 2000, and was the joint top scorer at the tournament.

He did not feature at another Euros. Trezeguet was not a prolific goalscorer at the Euros, though he did score the winner in the Euro 2000 final. Klose is a legendary scorer at the World Cup, though he never translated this to Euros tournaments.
20. The winner of the European Football Championship receives the Henri Delaunay Trophy. Who was Henri Delaunay?

Answer: The Secretary-General of the French Football Federation

Delaunay was the Secretary-General of the French Football Federation as well as the first Secretary-General of UEFA. He lasted only 17 months in his UEFA role due to his death in November 1955, though his impact on the game had already become clear. Delaunay had proposed the idea of a European tournament for clubs and national teams in the 1920s, and his dedication to the idea has led to the trophy being named in his honour.

He did not live to see the first tournament in 1960.
Source: Author TheOracler

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor gtho4 before going online.
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