The Parker Ranch was established on the Island of Hawai'i in 1847 on a grant of land made by King Kamehameha I to John Palmer Parker. The ranch continues to be worked by Hawaiian cowboys called paniolos; it is managed by Parker Ranch Foundation Trust. Horse races and a rodeo are sponsored at the ranch every Fourth of July.
The mountainous shoreline of the Napali Coast on Kauai's North Shore, in particular Manawaiopuna Falls, was the setting for much of the motion picture "Jurassic Park" (1993). The coast is accessible by hiking a challenging 17-mile trail, by tour boat or on an aerial tour from Lihue (about 90 miles away). The bold and the fit may also try a guided kayak or raft tour, as well. The terrain is rugged: high cliffs, numerous waterfalls, verdant valleys and lovely beaches.
Hilo is the opposite of the Kohala Coast of the Island of Hawai'i. It is on the northeastern side of the island, gets much more rain, is the home to waterfalls and rainforests, and does not have the volcanic look of the Kona side. Hilo is an old town, well developed in the 19th century, built around a bay and harbour. The town has been destroyed by tsunami on several occasions. It is the county seat, a tourist center, home of a branch of the University of Hawaii, Hilo Farmers Market, East Hawai'i Cultural Center, the Liliuokalani Gardens and Panaewa Rainforest Zoo (the Bengal tigers are not native to Hawai'i).
Numerous professional surfing events are held at the Banzai Pipeline on the North Shore of the Island of O'ahu. There are three reef breaks off Ehukai Beach Park in Pupukea. They produce curls as high 20 feet! The beach was known locally as Banzai Beach when filmmaker Bruce Brown named the waves "the pipeline" for a film he shot in 1961. As spectacular as the surfing is, it can also be extremely hazardous; many surfers (e.g. Jon Mozo and Tahitian Malik Joyeux) have been killed at this location.
Probably the best-known beach in all of the Hawai'i is Waikiki on the south shore of O'ahu. The three-mile long beach was anciently reserved to Hawaiian royalty; now it is reserved to tourists. The Hawaiian word "waikiki" means spouting water. The beach is actually sheltered, safe to swim and snorkel, and offers modest surfing opportunities. The first luxury hotel was built in 1901; the area is now chock-a-block with fabulous hotels and resorts. The beach terminates at Mount Leahi (Diamond Head). The Honolulu Zoo and the Waikiki Aquarium are located in the neighbourhood.
The former whaling town of Lahaina was the capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1820 to 1845. Today it is a popular tourist destination on the Island of Maui. Front Street is a party in progress. The Banyan Court Park has one of the largest banyan trees (Ficus benghalensis) on the planet. It was planted by William Owen Smith on April 24, 1873. The Ancient Hawaiian name for Lahaina was Lele; the name Lahaina means cruel sun.
Situated on the Island of O'ahu, Honolulu is both the largest city in the State of Hawai'i and the state capital. In the Hawaiian language, the city's name means sheltered harbour or calm port. The population is a remarkable mixture of races, cultures, and languages, reflective of a history of waves of immigration.
Maui is located in the middle part of the North Pacific Ocean. Maui is the second largest island in the Hawaiian island chain.
From Quiz: Maui
Answer: introduction of new diseases
In January, 1778, British Captain James Cook and his crew of about 180 men arrived in Hawaii bringing, among other things, the European diseases smallpox, measles, influenza and whooping cough, for which the natives had no resistance. It is estimated that between 250,000 and 350,000 Hawaiians died in the next 100 years. At that point native Hawaiians still comprised about 75% of the population but that percentage has declined as people from all over the world settled in Hawaii and expanded their families or intermarried.
Waikiki, Honolulu, and the majority of the state's population are located on O'ahu, despite it being the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands.
Note: Notice the "apostrophes" in some island names? Those are called 'okina, and they are an important part of pronouncing Hawaiian words properly. It's technically called a glottal stop, and it means that you should stop and insert a pause there. Example: Kaua'i is pronounced "cow-ah-ee," not "cow-why." Therefore, this question's answer should be pronounced "Oh-ah-who" instead of "Wahoo."
Answer: West Maui
West Maui is the shortest of all these mountains. It's had the most time to erode, so it's the oldest. Plus, Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea are on the still-active island of Hawai'i, so there much more recent. Mauna Kea is so tall, it can get some snow during the winter season.
From Quiz: Maui, Hawaii
Answer: 13,000 feet
Mauna Kea is probably the coldest part of the Big Island. I even saw a patch of snow believe it or not!
Answer: August 21, 1959
On August 21, 1959 Hawaii became a state just a little time after Alaska, making Hawaii the last state to join the Union.
The Hawaii State flag consists of a Union Jack in the upper left hand corner and eight alternating red and blue stripes, representing the eight major islands of the island chain. They are Hawaii, Maui, Lanai, Kahoolawe, Molokai, Ohau, Kauai, and Niihau.
From Quiz: Hawaiiana
Answer: James Michener
"Hawaii" is the story of the islands before they became a state, going all the way back to their creation. It's a fascinating blend of fact and fiction in the tradition of all great historical novels.
Hawaii is the 50th state, admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959.
Kauai-nicknamed 'The Garden Isle'. Mt. Waialeale pronounced (wy-ah-lay-ah-lay) is located in the center of the island with an elevation of 5,148 feet. It averages over 400 inches of rain a year. Its record year was 665.5 inches.
From Quiz: Hawaii State
Leis are given at almost any special occasion (especially graduations) to a loved one - be it a family member or just a close friend. It is a symbol of love.
From Quiz: Hawaii
In downtown Honolulu on the Island of O'ahu, the 'Iolani Palace was the home of the kings and queens of the Kamehameha Dynasty and Kalākaua Dynasty from 1845 until 1893. Queen Liliʻuokalani was the last royal resident. The building was thereafter used as a seat of government until 1969. It was thereafter restored and opened to the public as a museum in 1978. It is the only royal palace within the United States. The palace was seen frequently on the US television programme "Hawaii Five-O" as the headquarters of the state police force.
In the heart of "downtown" Kailua-Kona on the Island of Hawai'i sits the Hulihee Palace, the vacation home of the Hawaiian royal family built in 1838. It is located on Ali'i Drive which wends through the center of Historic Kailua Village. The home has been preserved as a museum containing items from the Victorian era of King Kalakaua and Queen Kapiolani. Admission is by purchased ticket.
Hanauma Bay was created by a volcanic cone near Honolulu on the Island of O'ahu. It affords a highly-protected area for marine life. A nature preserve was established there in 1967 to protect the resource. The word "hana" is Hawaiian for bay and "uma" describes the curve of a canoe's hull, similar to the shape of the bay. Snorkeling is popular here because of the number, the density and the variety of fish. The great popularity and consequent overuse of the preserve has led to restrictions on access which need to be investigated prior to a visit.
In earlier days in Hawai'i, a person who violated a kapu (a law prohibiting something) could flee to a place of refuge (puʻuhonua) and thereby avoid death. The Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park on the west coast of the Island of Hawai'i is such a place. The park was established in 1955 as the "City of Refuge National Historical Park" but was renamed in 1978. The Hale o Keawe temple was originally built around 1650 and was reconstructed in the 1960s on the site. The bones of many Hawaiian chiefs were buried there; to prevent their looting, they were removed to the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii in Honolulu in 1858.
In what was the police station and courthouse in Hilo on the Island of Hawai'i, the East Hawaii Cultural Center is located. The center contains an art gallery of local artists, a community theatre and a cultural center offering classes and workshops. The East Hawaii Cultural Council was founded in 1967, comprising a number of local arts organizations interested in promoting Hawaiian culture.
The Road to Hana is 64.4 miles long. It includes portions of Hawaii Routes 36 and 360 which connect the town of Kahului to the town of Hana in east Maui. Because the road is one-lane in many places and crosses numerous one-lane bridges (46 of them), it takes at least three hours to drive. Construction began in the 1900s, the road was "completed" in 1926, and finally completely paved in the 1960s. There are numerous places to stop along the road, e.g. waterfalls, the Seven Sacred Pools, and the grave site of Charles Lindbergh.
Kalaupapa is the site of the infamous leper colony created by King Kamehameha V in 1866. It was here that Father Damien, a Roman Catholic priest, tended to the people afflicted with Hansen's Disease. The community sits at the base of high sea cliffs on the Island of Moloka'i and is largely inaccessible. The community still exists (tho' not as a leper colony) and visitation is strictly limited.
Haleakala is visible from just about anywhere on the island of Maui. It is now considered a dormant volcano, with the last eruption around 1500 years ago.
From Quiz: Maui
Called Hokule'a by Hawaiians, Arcturus is the brightest star in the northern celestial hemisphere. It is in the constellation Bootes.
Answer: clock faces
Built in 1926, Aloha Tower has been a fixture at Honolulu Harbor. It has stood over thousands of tourists arriving and leaving on cruise liners, tugboats pulling vessels in and out of the harbor, and the urbanization of downtown Honolulu. Today, it stands over a redeveloped port area, with a shopping/restaurant complex replacing the docks.
Answer: Volcanoes National Park
Often called "The Big Island," the island of Hawai'i is the largest island in the archipelago. Kilauea Volcano, located within the park, is the most active volcano in the world. It has been erupting for over 25 years!
I always thought that Moloka'i was one of the smaller islands but as it turns out there are a lot of islands in the U.S. that are much smaller. Moloka'i follows Alaska's Montague Island at 279 square miles and precedes Alaska's Dall Island at 253 square miles.
Answer: Mala Wharf
Mala Wharf was built by US military engineers. Ironically, they built the wharf where everyone said not to build it. It's a great spot for a night dive.
From Quiz: Maui, Hawaii
Kilauea has been erupting continuously since Jan. 3, 1983 (over 20 years!). A 12 acre lava bench, formed when the lava hit the ocean and cooled, collapsed spectacularly in Sept. 2005, reminding us of the power of nature.
Answer: The observatories
Mauna Kea has over 13 observatories. In the video that they showed, (which was filmed in the 1980s) it said that they had 13 with many more to come.
Captain Cook also sailed to Australia and other parts of the Pacific to gather botanical information for the Crown.
From Quiz: Hawaiiana
Alaska was admitted Jan. 3; Hawaii admitted Aug. 21. Last states admitted before that were New Mexico and Arizona, both in 1912.